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  1. 1. Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest. After an initial wave of conquistadors—aided by military advantages and infectious diseases that decimated the native populations— defeated the pre- Columbian civilizations of the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas, Spain organized a huge imperial system to exploit the land, labor, and mineral wealth of the New World. The Spanish empire became the largest European empire since ancient Rome, and Spain used the wealth of the Americas to finance nearly endless warfare in Europe, protecting the Americas with a vast navy and powerful army and bringing Catholicism to the New World. The growth of a racially mixed society eventually caused rifts to develop between Spain and its American colonies, and by 1824, all of Spain's New World colonies except Cuba and Puerto Rico had fought for and won their independence.
  2. 2.  Why Should I Care?  Ever wonder how we, as modern Americans, got here? After all, our society doesn't look much like the societies that existed here in the Western Hemisphere during the previous few thousand years. And while the American people today are descendants of peoples from every continent, American culture does look a lot like European culture, which is funny because Europe is far away. European culture in America began not with the English, but with Spain, which over the course of about one hundred years managed to conquer the native societies of Latin America and install a forceful presence in what is now the United States. Christopher Columbus is a controversial figure today, celebrated by some as a great hero even while others attack him as a historical villain, responsible for the often-vicious conquest of the Americas by the Spanish who followed in the wake of his "discovery" of this continent. Whether you imagine Columbus in the role of hero or villain, there's no denying his importance. Columbus opened the Atlantic to European explorers, adventures, merchants, and the famous conquistadores. And the process that Columbus set in motion led to the foundation of the United States about three hundred years after Columbus sailed the Ocean Blue. The Spanish were able to colonize much of South and Central America, but the territory that later became the United States stood on the far periphery of the Spain's New World empire; only in the West did the Spanish have a serious presence in territory that is now the United States, and Spanish penetration of California and New Mexico came only in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Spanish place names and institutions are still found all over California and the Southwest. But even more important than the physical remains of Spanish society in the United States is the mere fact that the Spanish came here, paved the way for later European nations to come here, and provided the models on which those other societies thrived. There would be no United States without Spain, and it is with Spain that the history of the United States as we know it began.
  3. 3. Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus, over nearly four centuries the Spanish Empire would expand across: most of present day Central America, theCaribbean islands, and Mexico; much of the rest of North America including the Southwestern, Southern coastal, and California Pacific Coast regions of the United States; and though inactive, with claimed territory in present day British Columbia Canada; and U.S. states of Alaska, Washington, and Oregon; and the western half ofSouth America.[1][2][3] In the early 19th century the revolutionary movements resulted in the independence of most Spanish colonies in America, except for Cuba andPuerto Rico, given up in 1898 following the Spanish-American War, together with Guam and the Philippines in the Pacific. Spain's loss of these last territories politically ended Spanish colonization in America.
  4. 4. The Spanish Empire leaves a cultural and linguistic legacy around the world. With over 400 million native speakers today, Spanish is the second most spoken native language in the world. In conjunction with the Portuguese Empire, the Spanish Empire's establishment in the 15th century ushered in the modern global era and the rise of European dominance in global affairs
  5. 5. PhilippineRevolution
  6. 6. ILUSTRADOS Graciano Lopez Jaena Marcelo H. Del Pilar Mariano Ponce Antonio Luna Jose Rizal
  7. 7. Philippine Revolution called the " Tagalog War " by the Spanish,was an armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities which resulted in the secession of the Philippine Islands from the Spanish Empire.
  8. 8. August1896 The Philippine Revolution began in August1896, upon the discovery of the anti-colonial secret organization K atipunan By the Spanish authorities.
  9. 9. The Philippine Revolution was an accumulation of numbers of ideas and exposition to international community that led to the opening of nationalistic endeavors. The rise of Filipino nationalism was slow but inevitable.  Abuses by the Spanish government, military and the clergy prevalent during its three centuries of occupation, and the exposition of these excesses by the ilustrados in the late 19thcentury paved the way for a united Filipino people
  10. 10. The main stream of influx of revolutionary ideascame at the start of the 19th century when thecountry was opened for world trade. In 1809, firstEnglishfirms were established in Manila followedby a royal decree in 1834 opening the cityofficially to world trade. It must be noted thatPhilippines was formerly only tied toMexicofrom1565 whengalleon tradebecome the prominentmeans of economy 
  11. 11. Ang Gomburza ay isang daglat - o  pinagsama-samang piniling mga bahagi ng  pangalan - para sa tatlong  martir  na paring   Pilipinong  sina  Mariano Gomez,  Jose Apolonio Burgos, at  Jacinto Zamora  na  binitay  sa  pamamagitan ng garote  noong   Pebrero 17,1872  ng  mga Kastila sa mga  paratang ng pagpapatalsik  ng  pamahalaan   na  nagdulot  ng  pag-aalsa sa  Cavite  noong   1872. Nag-iwan  ang kanilang pagkabitay ng  mapait na damdamin sa  maraming  mga   Pilipino, lalo  na kay  Jose Rizal, ang  pambansang  bayani ng Pilipinas. Inihandog  ni Rizal ang kaniyang  nobelang  El Filibusterismo para magsilbing alaala sa  tatlong  paring ito.[1]
  12. 12. A 19th century photograph of the Revolutionary Congress in Malolos Date1896–1898Location Philippines (Southeast Asia )ResultFilipino victorySigning of Pact of Biak-na-Bato (1897). Resumption of hostilities during Spanish–American War (1898). Expulsion of the Spanish colonial government during Spanish–American War(1898). Establishment of the First Philippine Republic (1899). Beginning of the Philippine–American War(1899), leading to dissolution of the First Philippine Republic (1901).
  13. 13. Spanish rule in the  islands officially ended  with the Treaty of  Paris of 1898 which  ended the Spanish– American War. In it  Spain ceded the  Philippines and other  territories to the United  States.[3]  There was an  uneasy peace around  Manila with the  American forces  controlling the city and  the weaker Philippines  forces surrounding  them.
  14. 14. In its occupation policy toward Germany in 1945-1949, the  United States and its allies pursued two main goals. The first  sought to eradicate the remnants of Nazism and ensure that the  new German government would be both democratic and  peaceable. The second, pursued more ardently by the United  States than Britain and France, was to "democratize" the  German people. With the deepening of the Cold War and the  division of Germany came a deemphasis on active efforts to  change perspectives and practices in its western portions, and  the beginnings of a policy designed to strengthen West Germany  as an ally in the Western defense system. Democratization  policies, in particular, sprang from an American idealism inherent  in its own Revolution and Constitution: a conviction that other  peoples, freed from tyranny and able to make their own choice,  would adopt a set of principles and practices that had proved  successful in the United States. American realism nonetheless  made it clear that occupation officials could not force their own  brand of democracy down Germans' throats and that ultimately  their best strategy was to help Germans choose their own path  to democratic governance. Such decisions made a significant  contribution to democratic growth in postwar West Germany.
  15. 15. U.S. Invasion and Occupation of Haiti, 1915–34 Under interventionist policies of the early 20th century, President Woodrow Wilson sent the United States Marines into Haiti to restore order and maintain political and economic stability in the Caribbean after the assassination of the Haitian President in July of 1915. This occupation continued until 1934.

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