10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean

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Some culture and history of Central America and the Caribbean.

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10.2 - Central America and the Caribbean

  1. 1. Central America and the Caribbean
  2. 2. <ul><li>Central America </li></ul><ul><li>Is a cultural hearth because it was a place from which ideas spread…. mainly because of the Mayans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to the location of the Mayans on the Yucutan Peninsula, you could consider them part of Mexico or part of Central America. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Maya continued to build cities and temples throughout the region. This meant the Mayan culture spread as well. </li></ul><ul><li>When Mexico gains independence from Spain in 1521, it takes over the Central American region before it breaks away in 1523 and becomes the United Provinces of Central America. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The states didn’t all get along, though, and after a civil war from 1538-1540, they split up into separate countries. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>The Caribbean culture has European, native, and African influences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Europeans (several European powers colonize the islands – see the chart on page 224) imported slaves from Africa to farm new crops there, especially sugar cane. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The slaves in the French colony of Haiti revolted in 1790. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There were 500,000 slaves and 32,000 whites (and 28,000 free people of color). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ironically, the revolt against France was inspired by the French Revolution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, self-educated freed slave. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Haiti officially gets its independence in 1804. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba becomes independent from Spain in 1898 as a result of America’s actions in the Spanish-American War. It is quickly sets up its own government by 1902. </li></ul>
  7. 9. In Panama, you have the Panama Canal.
  8. 13. <ul><li>Before the canal, a ship traveling from New York to San Francisco would have to go over 14,000 miles around the tip of South America (a dangerous journey around that tip). </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Via the canal, it’s only 6,000 miles. That’s an 8,000 mile shave off the trip. </li></ul>
  10. 21. <ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>One of the music styles that has come out of this region is calypso from Trinidad and Tobago. </li></ul>
  11. 22. Harry Belafonte: ok singer, bad taste in politics
  12. 23. A lot of calypso music makes use of the steel drum.
  13. 24. A more modern version is called soca calypso or soul calypso.
  14. 25. <ul><li>Another musical style, this one from Jamaica, is reggae, as exhibited here by Bob Marley. </li></ul>
  15. 27. <ul><li>Don’t take calypso and reggae lightly. Many songs have social and political messages, which you realize if you pay attention to the lyrics. </li></ul>

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