California: A History-Kevin Starr<br />EsthelaCaito<br />Professor M. Arguello<br />History 141<br />
CH 1- Queen Calafia’s Island: Place and First People<br />In 1508, a Spanish write named Garci Ordonez de Montalvo wrote a...
California came about because of the collision of the two plates. <br />Californa has 1,264 miles of Pacific shoreline. <b...
The Mojave Desert is in the southeastern part of CA. <br />On the coast of CA is where settlement began & maintains its gr...
CH 11- An Imagined Place: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams<br />These artists had a sense that California “as a promise...
Regarding photography, in the early 1900s, a group of Bay Area photographers calling themselves “Group f/64” came about. <...
Baseball was introduced in CA in 1859 and has been popular ever since.<br />Notable baseball players including Joe DiMaggi...
CH: 12- Ecumenopolis: Forging a World Society<br />The Gold Rush also attracted many different people to California.<br />...
In the 19th and 20th century, many Jews came to California as a refuge from Fascist Europe. <br />People from the Dust Bow...
There were the Watts riots in 1965 and the Los Angeles riots of 1992 that were racial in motivation.<br />By 1990, CA was ...
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California[1]

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California[1]

  1. 1. California: A History-Kevin Starr<br />EsthelaCaito<br />Professor M. Arguello<br />History 141<br />
  2. 2. CH 1- Queen Calafia’s Island: Place and First People<br />In 1508, a Spanish write named Garci Ordonez de Montalvo wrote a romance called Las Sergas de Esplandian. <br />Within the romance, Californians were allies for a siege.<br />The Californians were a race of black Amazons under the command of Queen Calafia. California was believed to be an island abundant in gold and precious stones. <br />In 1533, a group of Spanish explorers were ordered by Hernan Cortes to sail west from Mexico.<br />They came across California and at first believed that it was a mythic island that had precious stones and gold. Finally in 1539- 1540, they discovered that California was a peninsula, not an island. <br />California sits on top of the North American and Pacific plates. <br />
  3. 3. California came about because of the collision of the two plates. <br />Californa has 1,264 miles of Pacific shoreline. <br />Thirty million years ago, plate tectonics moved CA from the southern edge of Baja California and brought it north, attaching it back to the continent. <br />The Transverse Ranges are found in the North of California and the Sierra Nevada mountain range runs along the eastern edge of California. <br />The highest mountain in CA is Mount Whitney -14,496 ft. <br />There are also coastal plains & the Central Valley & San Joaquin Valley in Ca. <br />
  4. 4. The Mojave Desert is in the southeastern part of CA. <br />On the coast of CA is where settlement began & maintains its greatest density.<br />The coast has a wonderful Mediterranean climate. <br />Many different beautiful animals are found in CA including the condor, eagles, & the bear. <br />For centuries, hundreds of thousands of Native Americans had been living in CA and they built beautiful settlements and totems. <br />The Native Americans had an awareness of self through the rhythms of daily life, through nature, through the presence of spirits, & through their creation myths.<br />
  5. 5. CH 11- An Imagined Place: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams<br />These artists had a sense that California “as a promise betrayed and doom impending” (p 286). <br />By 1990, CA was “the most urbanized and suburbanized state in the nation.”<br />Regarding painting, many painters of CA in the 1920s liked to paint outside in the open air, they focused on doing Postimpressionist style paintings. <br />(Post-Impressionism aimed to attain more form and structure, as well as more expression and emotion into their paintings.)<br />There was also abstract modernism in paintings. <br />Many transformations in the arts happened in Ca- in film, writing, painting, architecture, & music. <br />Filmmakers were drawn to shoot in CA because of the great weather. <br />Well known films that were filmed in CA – The Ten Commandments (1923), The Kid (1921).<br />In the mid- 1930s, when Germany was taken over by National Socialism, many Europeans immigrated to the U.S.<br />Many patriotic scripts for films were created during this time.<br />California writers tended to adhere to a simplistic relationship to Nature.<br />There was an emphasis on Bohemianism -practice of an unconventional lifestyle.<br />Some artists that lived in CA found it to be an emotionally empty place. <br />
  6. 6. Regarding photography, in the early 1900s, a group of Bay Area photographers calling themselves “Group f/64” came about. <br />Group f/64 was a group of seven 20th century San Franciscophotographers who shared a common photographic style characterized by sharp-focused and carefully framed images seen through a particularly Western (U.S.) viewpoint<br />In the late 1920s, Abstract Expressionism was popular in photography (ex: taking photos of rocks & bell peppers that looked like nudes.)<br />Around the 1930s, photographers started photographing scenes that showed the turmoil of the Depression (ex: Migrant Mother)<br />Regarding architecture, in the 1st two decades of the 20th century, architecture had an “Arts- and Crafts inspired shingle style.”<br />In the 1920s and 1930s, modernism in architecture started to be seen. <br />Regarding music, it went from conservative to avant-garde. <br />In San Francisco there was Wade’s Opera House that came about in 1876.<br />Music also came into motion pictures.<br />There was musical modernism in films.<br />Country music started to intensify as people started moving away from the Dust Bowl states during the Great Depression which in a sense divided those states from the rest of the U.S.<br />
  7. 7. Baseball was introduced in CA in 1859 and has been popular ever since.<br />Notable baseball players including Joe DiMaggio, and Ted Williams came from the California League. <br />Regarding sports, since the late 19th century, sports have been a big part of CA- boxing, swimming, tennis, baseball, football, and track & field. <br />It is important to note that CA allowed all kinds of people to play sports, not just elites.<br />In 1860, a group of German immigrants founded an Olympic Club. <br />In 1880, the Los Angeles Athletic Club was established. <br />By the late 20th century, the California surfer had become an important icon of the CA lifestyle. <br />
  8. 8. CH: 12- Ecumenopolis: Forging a World Society<br />The Gold Rush also attracted many different people to California.<br />As the Spanish settled in CA, they had aggression toward Native Americans.<br />Spain and Mexico had its own caste system.<br />There was a lot of aggression toward other races as well.<br />It is important to note that California has a great amount of ethnic diversity. <br />Around September 1781, if one were to look at the people living in Los Angeles, you’d find European, Native American, and African bloodlines mixed in every possible combination.<br />The Mexican Era of CA brought much diversity- English , American, French, and Russian settlers.<br />
  9. 9. In the 19th and 20th century, many Jews came to California as a refuge from Fascist Europe. <br />People from the Dust Bowl states also came to California. <br />World War II brought many African Americans to CA to work in the defense industry.<br />Many people came as refugees to CA from countries that were experiencing upheavals- including Iran, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Soviet Union, & others.<br />The immigrants faced race and religious tensions.<br />The Rumford Act was passed in 1963 that banned discrimination.<br />Around the 1940s is when there were big issues between blacks and whites. <br />
  10. 10. There were the Watts riots in 1965 and the Los Angeles riots of 1992 that were racial in motivation.<br />By 1990, CA was a Mexican- American society- it has 7.7 million Latinos.<br />In the 1990s, there was an anti- illegal campaign. <br />The 1994 ballot had a proposition which called for the withdrawal of all public support for undocumented Californians. <br />Later, there were propositions that called for proficiency in English.<br />Census 2000 showed that California is a place where minorities are the majority.<br />Census 2000 for California showed that Hispanics are 43.8%, Caucasians are 34.8%, Asians are 9.6%, African Americans are 6.7%, American Indian and Alaska Natives are 0.5%, and Hawaiian & Pacific Islanders are 0.1%. <br />

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