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South America
South America 4th largest continent in the world Most of the continent is in the “tropics” Coastline along the Atlantic...
Physical FeaturesThree Physical Regions  Andes Mountains  Plains  Lowlands and Plateaus of Brazil
Andes MountainsFrom Tierra del Fuego to Venezuela4,500 miles longInhabitants are mostly native; isolated villages
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0xsccVQO7U
Plains Foothills of the Andes to  the Atlantic Ocean Argentina & Paraguay Rich loess soil covers the  ground Among the...
Lowlands & Plateaus of Brazil Amazon River flows  through this huge  area of mostly flat  land. Wide coastal plain to  t...
Indigenous Persons-In the Pre-Columbian age, continent dominated bynative people- Inca Empire: Andes region from 1438-1533...
European Colonization 1494: Spain and Portugal agree  to divide the continent By mid 1500s, European colonies  establish...
Government South America a battlefield  during the Cold War Today, most governments lean  left Socialist leaders in:  C...
Religion Roman Catholic dominates region Other Religions Protestant: French Guiana Christianity, Hinduism, Islam: Guya...
Languages Spanish &  Portuguese  dominate Other  languages:  English, Hindi,  Dutch, French,  Italian &  German Native ...
Economyof SouthAmerica
Venezuela Dependent on oil production 75% exports are oil, most to the US and Canada Member of OPEC 10% of workforce f...
Colombia Relies on agricultural products Number one export: Coffee Cotton, sugar, livestock Cocaine    80% of the wor...
Peru Rugged land has led to a  struggling economy 1/3 of population farming Leading producer of  asparagus Copper, lea...
Bolivia Leading export: natural gas ½ of population farming Producer of quinoa, a week that produces a small,  edible g...
Ecuador Major export:  petroleum World’s largest  supplier of balsa wood Most Ecuadorians are  farmers
Argentina Service economies Manufacturing near Buenos Aires Pampas: important to agriculture Patagonia: Petroleum
Chile Only 3% of land farmable Copper mining & fishing
Brazil Largest economy in South  America Abundance of natural  resources & good farmland Fast-moving Amazon river  crea...
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
South america
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South america

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South america

  1. 1. South America
  2. 2. South America 4th largest continent in the world Most of the continent is in the “tropics” Coastline along the Atlantic, Pacific and Caribbean Sea Is it South of America?
  3. 3. Physical FeaturesThree Physical Regions Andes Mountains Plains Lowlands and Plateaus of Brazil
  4. 4. Andes MountainsFrom Tierra del Fuego to Venezuela4,500 miles longInhabitants are mostly native; isolated villages
  5. 5.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0xsccVQO7U
  6. 6. Plains Foothills of the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean Argentina & Paraguay Rich loess soil covers the ground Among the best farmland in the world
  7. 7. Lowlands & Plateaus of Brazil Amazon River flows through this huge area of mostly flat land. Wide coastal plain to the Atlantic Site of Colonial European Sugar Plantations
  8. 8. Indigenous Persons-In the Pre-Columbian age, continent dominated bynative people- Inca Empire: Andes region from 1438-1533  9-14 million people  Highly developed and distinct  Cities, road systems, terrace farming
  9. 9. European Colonization 1494: Spain and Portugal agree to divide the continent By mid 1500s, European colonies established What were the goals of these early colonists? Spanish and Portuguese settlers intermarried with natives, forming a Mestizo class European settlers brought disease and forced labor to SA By mid-1800s, most of South America had won independence
  10. 10. Government South America a battlefield during the Cold War Today, most governments lean left Socialist leaders in: Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentin a, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, P eru, and Venezuelahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SwNmYaaindUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kDaSJ23DRjs
  11. 11. Religion Roman Catholic dominates region Other Religions Protestant: French Guiana Christianity, Hinduism, Islam: Guyana & Suriname Animism and Shamanism exist in the Andes
  12. 12. Languages Spanish & Portuguese dominate Other languages: English, Hindi, Dutch, French, Italian & German Native languages also exist
  13. 13. Economyof SouthAmerica
  14. 14. Venezuela Dependent on oil production 75% exports are oil, most to the US and Canada Member of OPEC 10% of workforce farmers (bananas, coffee, corn, oranges, rice, livestock
  15. 15. Colombia Relies on agricultural products Number one export: Coffee Cotton, sugar, livestock Cocaine  80% of the world’s supply  Employs about 200,000 people with annual revenues of $2.2 billion
  16. 16. Peru Rugged land has led to a struggling economy 1/3 of population farming Leading producer of asparagus Copper, lead, silver from the mountains
  17. 17. Bolivia Leading export: natural gas ½ of population farming Producer of quinoa, a week that produces a small, edible grain http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F7uvygMiwfo http://www.channelone.com/video/the-year-of-quinoa/#ooid=xdHVnODraD2EoGjlDZc9GHfAa8q7TVk
  18. 18. Ecuador Major export: petroleum World’s largest supplier of balsa wood Most Ecuadorians are farmers
  19. 19. Argentina Service economies Manufacturing near Buenos Aires Pampas: important to agriculture Patagonia: Petroleum
  20. 20. Chile Only 3% of land farmable Copper mining & fishing
  21. 21. Brazil Largest economy in South America Abundance of natural resources & good farmland Fast-moving Amazon river creates hydroelectricity 1/5 of workers in agriculture 2nd only to US in agricultural exports ½ of workers in service industries

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