South America’s History and Culture World Geography
Early History <ul><li>Most researchers believed the first people in South America entered from the North 12,000 years ago....
Early Cultures <ul><li>In the Colombian Andes, the Chibcha developed gold-working skills. </li></ul>
The Incas <ul><li>The Inca founded South America’s greatest early civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>The Inca Empire stretche...
Spanish Settlement in South America <ul><li>The Spanish wanted to settle on the west side of the Continent because that is...
What do the Spanish take? <ul><li>The Spanish begin latifundias which were large land estates. </li></ul><ul><li>They get ...
Portuguese Settlements <ul><li>The Portuguese begin their settlements along the east side of South America. </li></ul><ul>...
Colonial Era and Independence <ul><li>Most South American countries gained their independence between 1810 and 1830. </li>...
More countries, More Independence <ul><li>Brazil gained its independence when its King went back to Portugal. </li></ul><u...
South American Governments Today <ul><li>Independence did little to help South American governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Mos...
South American Languages and People <ul><li>Languages in South America are primarily determined by the country that settle...
Settlement Patterns <ul><li>Most of South America’s population lies on the coasts and stretch a few hundred miles inland. ...
Religion and Traditions <ul><li>Most people in South America are Roman Catholic; however there are Hindu temples and many ...
Traditions <ul><li>Some rainforest people have had little contact with the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>They raise ban...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

South America\ S History And Culture Powerpoint

16,802 views

Published on

Published in: Travel
2 Comments
13 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
16,802
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
73
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
649
Comments
2
Likes
13
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

South America\ S History And Culture Powerpoint

  1. 1. South America’s History and Culture World Geography
  2. 2. Early History <ul><li>Most researchers believed the first people in South America entered from the North 12,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>The first settlers were hunter-gatherers. </li></ul><ul><li>Farming began there 5,000 years ago. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Cultures <ul><li>In the Colombian Andes, the Chibcha developed gold-working skills. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Incas <ul><li>The Inca founded South America’s greatest early civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>The Inca Empire stretched from Ecuador to Chile. </li></ul><ul><li>They built paved roads, suspension bridges, stone buildings and terraced fields. </li></ul><ul><li>They were taken over by Francisco Pizarro and the Spanish in the 1530’s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spanish Settlement in South America <ul><li>The Spanish wanted to settle on the west side of the Continent because that is where the Inca had been. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese come and the Spanish agree to take the west side of South America and the Portuguese take the east side. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish establish many land estates and forced the Indians to work on them. </li></ul><ul><li>The Europeans also brought disease that leave only a fraction of the Indians there alive. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish spread from Peru to Bolivia to Chile and Paraguay and Argentina. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What do the Spanish take? <ul><li>The Spanish begin latifundias which were large land estates. </li></ul><ul><li>They get the Guarani indians to help them with ideas and work to make their settlements grow. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Portuguese Settlements <ul><li>The Portuguese begin their settlements along the east side of South America. </li></ul><ul><li>They begin plantations to grow brazilwood and sugarcane. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Indians die because of disease, many plantation owners brought enslaved Africans to work. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese settlements move inward and lead to mineral discoveries and the development of Sao Paolo and Rio de Janiero. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Colonial Era and Independence <ul><li>Most South American countries gained their independence between 1810 and 1830. </li></ul><ul><li>The countries began isolated and different. </li></ul><ul><li>The borders of countries followed the colonial lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay was formed when land between Argentina and Brazil was formally divided. </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay is a buffer state. </li></ul>
  9. 9. More countries, More Independence <ul><li>Brazil gained its independence when its King went back to Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>The British and Dutch Guianas only recently gained their independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence did little to help South Americans. </li></ul>
  10. 10. South American Governments Today <ul><li>Independence did little to help South American governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Most still experience revolutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Several countries are ruled by dictators. </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia has had 200 coups since they gained their independence. </li></ul><ul><li>A coup is a governmental overthrow. </li></ul>
  11. 11. South American Languages and People <ul><li>Languages in South America are primarily determined by the country that settled them. Most western South Americans speak Spanish and eastern South Americans speak Portuguese. </li></ul><ul><li>On the border of Uruguay and Brazil, a language called Portunol is spoken. It’s a mix of Portuguese and Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>The people have very different ethnicities. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Settlement Patterns <ul><li>Most of South America’s population lies on the coasts and stretch a few hundred miles inland. </li></ul><ul><li>Many cities are seaports and many are high in the Andes. </li></ul><ul><li>The interior of South America is not very populated. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Religion and Traditions <ul><li>Most people in South America are Roman Catholic; however there are Hindu temples and many Indian religions that are still practiced. </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic mosques are there are well. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Traditions <ul><li>Some rainforest people have had little contact with the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>They raise bananas, manoic, yams and other crops. </li></ul><ul><li>They hunt with bows and arrows and dart guns. </li></ul><ul><li>Many are ranchers called gauchos. </li></ul>

×