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This review is focused on ‘water and health’ and seeks to share lessons learnt from the Western Sumatra Islands, Indonesia where communities are leading the eradication of open defecation through......
This review is focused on ‘water and health’ and seeks to share lessons learnt from the Western Sumatra Islands, Indonesia where communities are leading the eradication of open defecation through an approach known as Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). With the apparent increasing frequency and intensity of hydro-hazards, hydrological ex-tremes and water-related disasters being witness in the Philippines the presentation will demonstrate that these approaches enable communities to increase resilience and to bet-ter self manage sanitation in the event of natural disasters. The paper will also expand upon how SurfAid International is piloting this approach in the early recovery processes in the aftermath of the M7.6 September 30th West Sumatra Earthquake. The paper will out-line the links between CLTS and how it can positively impact on conflict mitigation and community participation in the management of water resources. The paper is geared at the development practitioners who aim is to improve human lives. It is line with MGD 7. The paper is also useful to other land and water managers as the prescribed process of CLTS is focused on the reduction of bacterial contaminate from diffused point sources through the reduction of open defecation. Lessons from the paper also can also be employed by hazard managers to help better prepare communities to be able to self manage sanitation in emergency responses.