NEWENERGYExperience with CLTS Charles S. Nachinab NewEnergy
Outline1. NE in brief2. CLTS overview3. Experience4. Challenges5. Recommendations6. Conclusion
Brief on newenergy• A Ghanaian dev’t NGO founded in 1994• Vision: – An Environment of Socio-economic Prosperity Where All People Live in Dignity• Mission: – To work in partnership with local communities and other stakeholders to increase and improve access to social services, infrastructure and other development opportunities to the underserved in Ghana 3
our ThemaTic Programmes WASH – for improved health Energy & Environment Sustainable Livelihoods- for reclamation of marginal lands & bio-fuel - Creation of c’ty assets for income generation 4
our oPeraTionaL area – maP of nr Upper Regions of GhanaIvor Ty Tamale o gC ooast Southern Regions of Ghana 5
oPeraTionaL area – characTerisTics of nr Land mass = 70,384 sq. Km (i.e. 3rd poorest = only 4% in highest About ⅓ of Ghana) wealth quintile against national Population = 2,468,557 average of 22% M=49% & F= 51% [Source: 2008 DHS] Pop Density = 35 per sq. Km Low WASH coverage T’le (reg. capital) = 548 Water = 62% National = 102 Sanitation = <10% Fastest growing region Hygiene = Not impressive Intercensal growth rate [Source: CWSA Records] NR = 35.6% (highest in Ghana) The above represent the reason for National = 28.1% your needed support!!! [Source: 2010 PHC Provisional Results] 6
CLTS overview• Background: – Subsidies approach not providing enough impetus for replication• Process/Stages: 1. Pre-Triggering: • Introduction & rapport building • Briefing, Social mapping, Discovering local Title (CLTS), etc. 2. Triggering: • Participatory Analysis & Ignition moment • Defecation mapping, Walk of shame, Glass of water, Flow diagram, focus group discussions etc
Cont... 3. Post triggering • Action plan development • Training of local artisans • Follow-up visits• Output: – Entry - - - 18 – Triggered - - 6 – ODF - - - 0 (not assessed yet)• Partnering with Pacific Institute on testing and promoting of Community Choices Tool (CCT)
whaT we’re Doing...– hygiene PromoTion for Behaviour change Hand washing Soakaway behind bathhouse & Clean backyard
Experience• Community members often refer to the subsidies offered by some development partners.• Innovativeness, affordability, adaptability and appropriateness are critical in sanitation options.• Water and micro-credit are mostly the priorities of rural community members.• Difficult to practice CLTS in large urban communities
Challenges• Most places are always bushy and therefore convenient for open defecation to be practiced• Non-harmonisation of approaches and non- commitment to CLTS – Subsidy still goes on by some DCEs, MPs, NGOs,• Limited knowledge/skills in the construction of appropriate cheaper technology options• EIG???
Recommendations• CLTS as a national strategy should be vigorously supported and promoted by the District Assemblies and all other stakeholders in sanitation• District Sanitation promotion forum should be organized to harmonize CLTS process in the districts• Integrate EcoSan into sanitation promotion and delivery, especially for institutional latrines
Recommendations ...• Intensify follow-up• And for sustainable sanitation for all, communities empowered through CLTS process should be connected with commercially viable producers and suppliers of sanitation solutions
concLusion• “Individual players win matches, but team players win games” – Coach Dunga, Brazil 2010 FIFA World Cup Team fooD for ThoughT!!!