Department of Management Studies
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY , SILCHAR
1. Meaning of Groups
2. Why do people join groups ?
3. Factors causing Group Formation
4. Types of Groups
5. Group Structure
6. Stages of Group Development
7. Group Dynamics
8. Group Behavior
9. Intergroup Conflict
10.Consequences of Intergroup Conflict
11.Improving the Quality of Intergroup
What is a Group ?
A collection of individuals who have regular contact and
frequent interaction, mutual influence, and who work
together to achieve a common set of goals
“Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come
together to achieve particular objectives.”
Action and performing groups
Important Elements of Group structure:I.
Bruce Tuckman(1965) five stages of group development
The group dynamics refers to changes which take place
within groups and is concerned with the interaction and
forces obtained between group members in social
CONCERNED WITH GROUP
CHANGES IN LEADERSHIP, INTRODUCTON OF
THE NEW MEMBERS
RIGIDITY AND FLEXIBILTY
“Group behavior is the social process by which people relate
and respond to each other and perform their respected roles
as members of small-integrated clusters.”
There are two dimensions of group behaviors:
Intra group behavior
Inter group behavior
a situation in which two or more people disagree over issues
of organizational substance with one another
It refers to the conflict between two groups, departments, or
sections in an organization.
SUCH CONFLICTS ARISE MAINLY
Group members' perceptions of one another change in a negative manner
where a distinction is made between "in-group" and "out-group".
Members of groups in conflict develop an "us versus them" mentality and view
members of the other group as fundamentally different from themselves but
similar to each other.
Group members become more cohesive to compete against a "common
Quality of intergroup interactions (e.g., communication) may decline among
groups in conflict, which in turn may decrease the quality of work.
Negative perceptions of the other group may be transferred to incoming
SUPER ORDINATE GOALS
INTERGROUP TEAM DEVLOPMENT
REDUCING THE NEED FOR INTERGROUP
FAIR ALLOCATION OF RESOURCE PROCESS
Groups are typically formed to accomplish work related tasks in
Groups behavior extensively influence the performance of the
member as also the over all behaviors of the organization.
Group dynamics helps to recognize the formation of group and
how a group should be organized, lead and promoted