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Slavery under attack within The slave resisted a number of ways Broke tools Ran away Intentionally destroyed crop Helped others to escape Did as little work as possible Agitated for their release when possible Bought themselves out of slavery Secretly supported runaways
Slavery under attack without Anti-slavery Advocates resisted in a number of ways Pamphlets were distributed protesting slavery Legal mandates were sought Moral suasion was used to deploy slavery Slave uprisings occurred. Sites
RebellionsOver My Dead Body
Rebellions Armed Armed with words Denmark Vessey David Walker Nat Turner Maria Steward Gabriel Prosser Sojourner Truth John Brown’s Raid Frederick Douglass Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Seminoles
Denmark Vessey Born in West Africa and named Telemanque. He was caught and sold as a slave. He purchased his freedom by winning a lottery. He acquired property but was not satisfied that many of his brothers and sisters remained in chains. ca 1767-1822
Thwarted He choose some trusted people and planned an uprising in. The revolt was supposed to occur on July 14, 1822. The whites found out and all of the suspects rounded up and hung.
Old Virginia Virginia was the “home” of some of the slave uprisings.
Gabriel Prosser Gabriel Prosser was a free black man. A blacksmith by trade he was highly regarded by blacks and whites alike. He hated slavery and lead a revolt in . He learned to read and write and was a serious student of the Bible. He made the analogy between the condition of the Israelites and the Africans. ca 1775-1800
Thwarted In 1800 he planned a revolt which was known by many slaves. His plan was found out and was placed under martial law. Torrential rain forced the uprising to be delayed and eventually militia was able to capture the planners and supporters. They were hung about a month later.
Nat Turner Nat Turner was born a slave in 1800. He was very spiritual and “self- educated biblical scholar.” He was a lay preacher. He planned to attack to move from plantation to plantation killing as they went as a way of intimidating the whites. They hoped that fear by the whites and courage on their part would galvanize their movement to spread.
Captured Nat Turner group 60-70 slaughtered 57 whites. The white militia counterattacked and stopped the uprising. Nat Turner escaped but was finally captured and was executed on November 11, 1831.
John Brown John Brown, a well known abolitionist, planned a slave uprising that was “crazy as it was audacious.” He led a gang of people against Harper’s Ferry. His force was quickly apprehended and he was brought to trial and hung. But before his death he spoke eloquently about the evils of slavery.
HarrietTubman Harriet Tubman was not only a leader of the Underground Railroad she was a spy for the Union Army.
Underground Railroad This a map of some The Underground of the “stops.” Railroad was a series of safe houses.
The SeminolesA nation within a nation within a nation
Allies Many slaves escape to Florida and lived among the Seminoles. Although the Seminoles owned the slaves it was more for protection.
United Africans and Seminoles united to resist. This lead to armed resistance.
In the Caribbean
Haiti This French colony experienced a revolt like none other.
The Ringleader Toussaint Louverture lead an uprising of slaves called moroons. These were escaped slave communities.
Francois Dominique ToussaintLouverture This ex-slave led and army free blacks against the French and pushed them from Saint Domingue, now Haiti. Even Napolean’s army was unable to retake this French colony. Haiti, under the leadership of Louverture’s successor Jean Jacques Desselines, became the second independent colony in the Americas.
Freedom At StakeBlacks as soldiers in the Civil War
Blacks signed up by thethousands to fight in the Civil War
ActiveArmed With Words
David Walker1785-1830 Born in 1785 in Wilmington, NC Author, abolitionist, activist. Tailor by trade ‘an abolitionist by calling.’ Moved to Boston in 1827. Wrote “David Walker’s Appeal.” Advocated violence to end slavery.
Maria Stewart1803-1879 Born in Hartford, CT was orphaned at 5. Despite her limited education she became a leading exponent of abolishing slavery and women’s rights.
Frederick Douglass1817-1895 Born into slavery and escaped in 1838. Abolitionist who embraced integration. Was an articulate spokesperson for African America rights. Considered a black “philosopher and ideologist.”
Sojourner Truth1797-1883 Born Isabella Baumfree in upstate New York this woman fought for the rights of both enslaved Africans and women. Her speech “Ain’t I A Woman” inspired generations to fight for rights. She stood over six feet talk and was not intimidated by anyone.
Sources Slide 6 - http://www.marylandsilver.com/cw129.jpg Slide 7 - http://www.africawithin.com/bios/denmark_vesey.htm Slide 8 - http://www.africawithin.com/bios/gabriel_prosser.htm Slide 10 - http://www.chss.montclair.edu/english/furr/spl/gabrielrevolt.html Slide 11 - Atlas of African American History by James Ciment; http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3h501b.html; http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/jb/colonial/jb_colonial_stono_2_e.jpg Slide 12 - Atlas of African American History by James Ciment; http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/images/3disc2580m.jpg Slide 22 - Atlas of African American History by James Ciment; http://www.parlement-bretagne.com/esclavage/abolition.html Slide 29 - http://www.brightmoments.com/blackhistory/nsotrue.html; http://www.topicsites.com/sojourner-truth.htm