Slavery In The South

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Slavery In The South

  1. 1. Slave Rebellions
  2. 2. Objective • Identify the means what slaves used to resist slavery.
  3. 3. Passive Resistance • Using songs
  4. 4. Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon “Steal Away to Jesus” - 1948
  5. 5. Passive Resistance • Using songs • Express longings to be free • Express sorrow • Pass secret messages
  6. 6. Clara Ward Singers “Swing Low Sweet Chariot” - 1952
  7. 7. “Follow the Drinking Gourd”
  8. 8. N
  9. 9. Individual Resistance • Pretended to be sick • Purposely broke tools • Worked slowly • Ran away ( Later to be caught and punished)
  10. 10. Punishments • Whipped • Branded • Some were maimed • Hanged
  11. 11. Active Resistance • Actually Fighting Back ( Slave Rebellion) • Caused widespread fear • The most feared form of resistance
  12. 12. 3 Major Slave Rebellions • Although only one was an actual uprising. • Gabriel Prosser 1800 • Denmark Vessey 1822 • Nat Turner 1831
  13. 13. Gabriel Prosser • Richmond Virginia • Preacher and Blacksmith • Was free • Planned an uprising but was betrayed by a slave • He and 35 other were hanged.
  14. 14. Denmark Vessey • Free black carpenter • Charleston, South Carolina • He was also betrayed and executed
  15. 15. Nat Turner • A slave preacher • Led 70 black men in an uprising • Lasted 3 days • 57 white people were killed • Was on the run for several weeks • Executed
  16. 16. Causes of the Civil War Chapter 11, Lesson 1
  17. 17. Objectives • Assess why the Missouri Compromise failed to resolve the debate over slavery.
  18. 18. Different Regions, Different Needs • North and South differed greatly.
  19. 19. Free Labor • Northern workers received pay for their labor. • The chance to improve their lives. • The right to leave employers
  20. 20. South • Depended on slave labor • Saw the Northerners as foolish • Large cities • Technology
  21. 21. South • For Southerners, even those who did not own slaves, understood the economic benefits of slavery.
  22. 22. Balance
  23. 23. Missouri • Missouri wanted to be a state. • Wanted to be a slave state • At the time there were exactly equal slave and free states.
  24. 24. Missouri Compromise Alabama ( 1819) 11 Illinois ( 1818) Mississippi ( 1817) 10 Indiana ( 1816) Louisiana ( 1812) 9 Ohio ( 1803) Tennessee ( 1796) 8 Vermont ( 1791) Kentucky ( 1792) 7 Pennsylvania Georgia 6 New Jersey South Carolina 5 New York North Carolina 4 Connecticut Virginia 3 Rhode Island Maryland 2 Massachusetts Delaware 1 New Hampshire
  25. 25. Missouri Compromise Missouri ( 1821) Alabama ( 1819) Illinois ( 1818) Mississippi ( 1817) Indiana ( 1816) Louisiana ( 1812) Ohio ( 1803) Tennessee ( 1796) Vermont ( 1791) Kentucky ( 1792) Pennsylvania Georgia New Jersey South Carolina New York North Carolina Connecticut Virginia Rhode Island Maryland Massachusetts Delaware New Hampshire
  26. 26. Missouri
  27. 27. Missouri • 1819 • Missouri wanted to become a state. • Proposed a constitution what supported slavery.
  28. 28. Balance
  29. 29. Balance • House of Representatives was dominated by the North. • If Missouri entered the South would have had majority in the Senate.
  30. 30. The Compromise • Some wanted to forbid slavery in the new state. • Others said it was not up to congress to decide.
  31. 31. Maine • Filed to become a state during this time. • 1820
  32. 32. The Compromise • Maine would enter a free state • Missouri a slave state
  33. 33. The Compromise • Prohibited slavery in other American territories west of the Mississippi • North of Missouri’s southern boundry
  34. 34. Missouri Compromise Missouri ( 1821) Maine ( 1820) Alabama ( 1819) Illinois ( 1818) Mississippi ( 1817) Indiana ( 1816) Louisiana ( 1812) Ohio ( 1803) Tennessee ( 1796) Vermont ( 1791) Kentucky ( 1792) Pennsylvania Georgia New Jersey South Carolina New York North Carolina Connecticut Virginia Rhode Island Maryland Massachusetts Delaware New Hampshire

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