Southern Colonies

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Southern Colonies

  1. 1. VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH CAROLINA, AND GEORGIA Southern Colonies
  2. 3. Chaos in England! <ul><li>From 1625 – 1649, Charles I is King, as he believes by divine right – that God has given him his power. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1649, the English Civil War begins, when Oliver Cromwell and his cronies try to take power from the “divine” and deliver it to the people. He does this by murdering King Charles I ( beheads him!). Parliament then declares that the monarchy (kings and queens) no longer exists, and has no power. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1649 – 1660 the “Rump Parliament” rules, and there is no King in England, or all of England. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Continued Chaos in England! <ul><li>Then in 1660, after a series of political actions and follies, King Charles II declares himself the proper king, and Parliament restores the monarch’s power. </li></ul><ul><li>By the way… Charles II is Charles I’s son. Think he wants a little vengeance? Well he does, and he finds the people who authorized the execution of his father and then executes them … by being hung, drawn and quartered. Publicly. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles II then thanks his and his fathers supporters by giving them land in America, and calling them Lord Proprietors of colonial land. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Quartered Body after Being “Hanged” and “Drawn”
  5. 6. Virginia <ul><li>To recap what we’ve already studied… </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1607 (Jamestown) and led to greatness by John Smith. Smith was a strict ruler, who used this philosophy to motivate the pretty boy settlers: “he who does not work, does not eat.” Guess what the pretty boys chose to do?! </li></ul><ul><li>Was created as a business venture by the Virginia Company, to find wealth. Settlers eventually found wealth through the growth of tobacco. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Jamestown Settlement and Ships
  7. 8. Maryland <ul><li>Like the Puritans, Quakers, and others, the Catholics are looking for a place to worship freely, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>MD was created for that purpose, in 1632 by King Charles I, in honor of his wife (Queen H. Maria). </li></ul><ul><li>Settled north and east of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay. </li></ul><ul><li>Lords Baltimore led MD to prominence. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The Act of Toleration was passed to permanently allow all religions to practice their faith, believed to be the first such law. While Lord Baltimore had hoped to show how Catholics and Protestants could live in peace, he also hoped to draw those Catholics to his colony so he could make money (as proprietor of the colony) by… </li></ul>
  9. 10. More Maryland… <ul><li>Families were given LOTS of land. </li></ul><ul><li>Fish, oysters, and crab were plentiful and were huge money makers in MD, however, a certain cash crop earned Maryland settlers lots of coin. Any idea what? </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, lots of fighting occurred between religions here, and the Baltimore family temporarily lost power. That family regained power only when a late Lord publicly claimed to be loyal to Protestant England. </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Carolinas <ul><li>As early as 1640, a few Virginians had left for the Albemarle Sound, just south of Jamestown but in present day NC. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1663, King Charles II gave land to 8 men whom were loyal to him in avenging his father’s murder (Charles I), and restoring the English monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>Named Carolina in his father’s memory. </li></ul>
  11. 12. More Carolina… <ul><li>First settlers after “King said so” were in Cape Fear (Wilmington), and Charles Towne (Charleston). </li></ul><ul><li>Religious tolerance is standard here, too, as its become norm to attract a large amount of settlers, thereby making the colony and crown larger profits. </li></ul><ul><li>After many disputes over land and government control, Carolina splits into North and South halves. In 1729, the split finally becomes official. </li></ul><ul><li>A few years later, another chunk is taken out of Carolina when Georgia is created. </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Tar Heel State? <ul><li>North Carolina traces its nickname's source to the Civil War. Retreating Southern (Confederacy) soldiers had retreated, leaving a column of North Carolinians to battle the enemy alone. Whether they won or lost, who knows, but they stayed to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the North Carolinians met those same fleeing troops and told them for the next battle “we'll put tar on your heels to make them stick.” </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Robert E. Lee, leading the Confederacy, upon hearing the story reportedly exclaimed, “God bless the Tar Heel boys.” </li></ul>
  13. 14. D-U-K-E LET’S GO DUKE!
  14. 15. Georgia

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