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24 sayings grammar practice

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  • 1. Lesson 24Perfect SubjunctiveActive and Passive
  • 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
  • 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamo amamusamas amatisamat amant Imperfectamabam amabamusamabas amabatisamabat amabant Futureamabo amabimusamabis amabitisamabit amabunt
  • 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamavi amavimusamavisti amavistisamavit amaverunt Pluperfectamaveram amaveramusamaveras amaveratisamaverat amaverant Future Perfectamavero amaverimusamaveris amaveritisamaverit amaverint
  • 5. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  • 6. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 7. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneo monemusmones monetismonet monent Imperfectmonebam monebamusmonebas monebatismonebat monebant Futuremonebo monebimusmonebis monebitismonebit monebunt
  • 8. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonui monuimusmonuisti monuistismonuit monuerunt Pluperfectmonueram monueramusmonueras monueratismonuerat monuerant Future Perfectmonuero monuerimusmonueris monueritismonuerit monuerint
  • 9. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  • 10. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 11. rego regere rexi rectus Presentrego regimusregis regitisregit regunt Imperfectregebam regebamusregebas regebatisregebat regebant Futureregam regemusreges regetisreget regent
  • 12. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrexi reximusrexisti rexistisrexit rexerunt Pluperfectrexeram rexeramusrexeras rexeratisrexerat rexerant Future Perfectrexero rexerimusrexeris rexeritisrexerit rexerint
  • 13. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  • 14. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 15. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudio audimusaudis auditisaudit audiunt Imperfectaudiebam audiebamusaudiebas audiebatisaudiebat audiebant Futureaudiam audiemusaudies audietisaudiet audient
  • 16. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectaudivi audivimusaudivisti audivistisaudivit audiverunt Pluperfectaudiveram audiveramusaudiveras audiveratisaudiverat audiverant Future Perfectaudivero audiverimusaudiveris audiveritisaudiverit audiverint
  • 17. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  • 18. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 19. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapio capimuscapis capitiscapit capiunt Imperfectcapiebam capiebamuscapiebas capiebatiscapiebat capiebant Futurecapiam capiemuscapies capietiscapiet capient
  • 20. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcepi cepimuscepisti cepistiscepit ceperunt Pluperfectceperam ceperamusceperas ceperatisceperat ceperant Future Perfectcepero ceperimusceperis ceperitisceperit ceperint
  • 21. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  • 22. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  • 23. Recitation♦imperatives
  • 24. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  • 25. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  • 26. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  • 27. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  • 28. Recitation SIngular Plural M /F N M /F Nbrevis breve breves breviabrevis brevis brevium breviumbrevi brevi brevibus brevibusbrevem breve breves breviabrevi brevi brevibus brevibus
  • 29. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  • 30. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  • 31. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  • 32. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  • 33. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodeviginti eighteen XIX undeviginti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  • 34. Recitation 3rd Person Pronouns; Demonstrative Pronouns (1) Singular Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuteris ea id ei eae eaejus ejus ejus eorum earum eorumei ei ei eis eis eiseum eam id eos eas eaeo eā eo eis eis eis
  • 35. RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2) Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  • 36. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3) Singular Plural M F N M F Nille illa illud illi illae illaillíus illíus illíus illorum illarum illorumilli illi illi illis illis illisillum illam illud illos illas illaillo illā illo illis illis illis
  • 37. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Near to Person Spoken to) (4) Singular Plural M F N M F Niste ista istud isti istae istaistíus istíus istíus istorum istarum istorumisti isti isti istis istis istisistum istam istud istos istas istaisto istā isto istis istis istis
  • 38. Recitation Intensive Pronouns Singular Plural M F N M F Nipse ipsa ipsum ipsi ipsae ipsaipsíus ipsíus ipsíus ipsorum ipsarum ipsorumipsi ipsi ipsi ipsis ipsis ipsisipsum ipsam ipsum ipsos ipsas ipsaipso ipsā ipso ipsis ipsis ipsis
  • 39. Recitation 3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase Form MeaningNom ----Gen. sui of himself, herself, itself, themselvesDat. sibi to/for himself, herself, itself, themselvesAcc. se himself, herself, itself, themselvesAbl. se ibwf himself, herself, itself, themselves
  • 40. Recitation Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson Singular Meaning Plural Meaning1st meus mea meum my (own) noster nostra our (own) nostrum2nd tuus tua tuum your (own) vester vestra your (pl.) (own) vestrum3rd suus sua suum his, her, its, their (own)
  • 41. Recitation Present Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  • 42. Recitation Present Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamer monear regar capiar audiarameris monearis regaris capiaris audiarisametur moneatur regatur capiatur audiaturamemur moneamur regamur capiamur audiamuramemini moneamini regamini capiamini audiaminiamentur moneantur regantur capiantur audiantur
  • 43. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarem monerem regerem caperem audiremamares moneres regeres caperes audiresamaret moneret regeret caperet audiretamaremus moneremus regeremus caperemus audiremusamaretis moneretis regeretis caperetis audiretisamarent monerent regerent caperent audirent
  • 44. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarer monerer regerer caperer audireramareris monereris regereris capereris audirerisamaretur moneretur regeretur caperetur audireturamaremur moneremur regeremur caperemur audiremuramaremini moneremini regeremini caperemini audireminiamarentur monerentur regerentur caperentur audirentur
  • 45. Recitation Present Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralsim I may be simus we may besis you may be sitis you all may besit hsi may be sint they may be
  • 46. RecitationImperfect Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralessem I might be essemus we might beesses you might be essetis you all might beesset hsi might be essent they might be
  • 47. Latin SayingHábeas corpus.
  • 48. Latin Saying Hábeas corpus.habeo ēre; to have habeas; present subjunctivecorpus, corporis; body
  • 49. Latin SayingsYou may have the body.
  • 50. Grammar The perfect subjunctive active is built on the perfect stem, plus –eri and the regular personal endings.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  • 51. Grammar The perfect subjunctive active is built on the perfect stem, plus –eri and the regular personal endings.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  • 52. Grammar The perfect subjunctive active is built on the perfect stem, plus –eri and the regular personal endings.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  • 53. Grammar The perfect subjunctive active is built on the perfect stem, plus –eri and the regular personal endings.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  • 54. Grammar The perfect subjunctive passive is formed of two elements: the 4th principle part and the present subjunctive of sum.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus sim monitus, sim rectus, sim captus, sim auditus sima, um sis a, um sis a, um sis a, um sis , a, um sis sit sit sit sit sitamati simus moniti, simus recti, simus capti, simus auditi, simusae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis sint sint sint sint sint
  • 55. Grammar The perfect subjunctive passive is formed of two elements: the 4th principle part and the present subjunctive of sum.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus sim monitus, sim rectus, sim captus, sim auditus sima, um sis a, um sis a, um sis a, um sis , a, um sis sit sit sit sit sitamati simus moniti, simus recti, simus capti, simus auditi, simusae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis sint sint sint sint sint
  • 56. Grammar The perfect subjunctive passive is formed of two elements: the 4th principle part and the present subjunctive of sum.1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus sim monitus, sim rectus, sim captus, sim auditus sima, um sis a, um sis a, um sis a, um sis , a, um sis sit sit sit sit sitamati simus moniti, simus recti, simus capti, simus auditi, simusae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis sint sint sint sint sint
  • 57. GrammarThe meanings of the Perfect Subjunctive Active use the helping verbs “may have.” Singular Plural I may have loved we may have loved you may have loved you all may have loved he, she, it may have loved they may have loved
  • 58. GrammarThe meanings of the Perfect Subjunctive Passive use the helping verbs “may have been.” Singular Plural I may have been loved we may have been loved you may have been loved you all may have been loved he, she, it may have been loved they may have been loved
  • 59. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they?
  • 60. Grammar QuestionsHow many moods? What are they?There are three: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive.
  • 61. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses are in the subjunctive? What tenses are missing?
  • 62. Grammar QuestionsHow many tenses are in the subjunctive? What tenses are missing?Four tenses. The future and future perfect are missing.
  • 63. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?
  • 64. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?let, might, could, may, should, would
  • 65. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative:subjunctive:
  • 66. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. actual/indicative I want my children to go to school. – potential/subjunctive
  • 67. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the present subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st2nd3rd
  • 68. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the present subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st I may be we may be2nd you may be you all may be3rd he, she, it may be they may be
  • 69. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the imperfect subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st2nd3rd
  • 70. Grammar Questions What are the meanings of the imperfect subjunctive of sum?Person Singular Plural1st I might be we might be2nd you might be you all might be3rd he, she, it might be they might be
  • 71. Grammar QuestionsA __________ question is asked in doubt or indignation, uses the subjunctive, and is expressed in English by the verbal helper ______.
  • 72. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question is asked in doubt or indignation, uses the subjunctive, and is expressed in English by the verbal helper should.
  • 73. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question uses the _______ subjunctive for present time and the _________ subjunctive for past time.
  • 74. Grammar QuestionsA deliberative question uses the present subjunctive for present time and the imperfect subjunctive for past time.
  • 75. Grammar QuestionsThe hortatory subjunctive expresses __________, _______ _________, ______ ____, and uses the verbal helpers __ and ___.
  • 76. Grammar QuestionsThe hortatory subjunctive expresses exhortation, indirect command, strong wish, and uses the verbal helpers let and may.
  • 77. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in __________ clauses, but also has some uses in __________ clauses.
  • 78. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in subordinate clauses, but also has some uses in independent clauses.
  • 79. GrammarTo form the negative of a subjunctive verb, use ?
  • 80. GrammarTo form the negative of a subjunctive verb, use ne.Ne cedamus. Let us not yield.
  • 81. GrammarTo express purpose with the conjunction ut, the main clause is in the _________, and the subordinate clause is in the __________.
  • 82. GrammarTo express purpose with the conjunction ut, the main clause is in the indicative, and the subordinate clause is in the subjunctive.
  • 83. GrammarWhat are the three uses of the subjunctive you have learned in this unit?
  • 84. GrammarWhat are the three uses of the subjunctive you have learned in this unit?hortatory subjunctive, deliberative questions, and purpose (ut) clause
  • 85. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive active?
  • 86. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive active?add eri + personal endings to the perfect stem
  • 87. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?
  • 88. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?the 4th principal part + the present subjunctive of sum
  • 89. Practice♦TranslateFactum sit.
  • 90. Practice♦TranslateIt may have been done.
  • 91. Practice♦TranslateHábeas corpus.
  • 92. Practice♦TranslateYou may have the body.
  • 93. Practice♦TranslatePosuerint.
  • 94. Practice♦TranslateThey may have placed.
  • 95. Practice♦TranslateSciveris.
  • 96. Practice♦TranslateYou may have known.
  • 97. Practice♦TranslateVisa sint.
  • 98. Practice♦TranslateThey may have been seen.
  • 99. Practice♦Conjugate the model verbs in the perfect subjunctive active and passive.