Unit V Review
Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
amo amare amavi amatus                  Presentamo                    amamusamas                   amatisamat             ...
amo amare amavi amatus                      Perfectamavi                     amavimusamavisti                  amavistisam...
amo amare amavi amatus                  Presentamor                   amamuramaris                 amaminiamatur          ...
amo amare amavi amatus                         Perfectamatus –a –um, sum           amati –ae –a, sumuses                  ...
moneo monēre monui monitus            Presentmoneo            monemusmones            monetismonet            monent      ...
moneo monēre monui monitus              Perfectmonui             monuimusmonuisti          monuistismonuit            monu...
moneo monēre monui monitus             Presentmoneor            monemurmoneris           moneminimonetur           monentu...
moneo monēre monui monitus                          Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum           moniti –ae –a, sumuses           ...
rego regere rexi rectus                   Presentrego                    regimusregis                   regitisregit      ...
rego regere rexi rectus                     Perfectrexi                     reximusrexisti                  rexistisrexit ...
rego regere rexi rectus                     Presentregor                     regimurregeris                   regiminiregi...
rego regere rexi rectus                         Perfectrectus –a –um, sum           recti –ae –a, sumuses                 ...
audio audire audivi auditus                   Presentaudio                   audimusaudis                   auditisaudit  ...
audio audire audivi auditus                      Perfectaudivi                    audivimusaudivisti                 audiv...
audio audire audivi auditus                 Presentaudior                audimuraudiris               audiminiauditur     ...
audio audire audivi auditus                          Perfectauditus –a –um, sum           auditi –ae –a, sumuses          ...
capio capere cepi captus                     Presentcapio                     capimuscapis                     capitiscapi...
capio capere cepi captus                      Perfectcepi                      cepimuscepisti                   cepistisce...
capio capere cepi captus                       Presentcapior                      capimurcaperis                     capim...
capio capere cepi captus                         Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum           capti –ae –a, sumuses                ...
Recitation♦imperatives
RecitationVerb            Singular    Plural   Meaningamo, amare      ama         amate    Love!moneo, monēre   monē      ...
Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
Recitation                   SIngular                     PluralM              F               N      M /F         Nacer  ...
Recitation                SIngular                     Plural         M /F                N    M /F          Nbrevis      ...
Recitation           M/F                        NSingular     Plural        Singular       Pluralpotens       potentes    ...
Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub ...
Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
Recitation              Cardinal                        Ordinalunus –a –um              one      primus –a –um          fi...
RecitationRoman Numeral                Cardinal     XI           undecim                eleven     XII          duodecim  ...
Recitation           3rd Person Pronouns;         Demonstrative Pronouns (1)              Singular                        ...
RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2)         Singular                    Plural   M        F          N      M     ...
Recitation  Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3)          Singular                        Plural   M         F           N    ...
Recitation           Demonstrative Pronouns         (Near to Person Spoken to) (4)            Singular                    ...
Recitation           Intensive Pronouns         Singular                        Plural    M        F         N        M   ...
Recitation       3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase      Form   MeaningNom       ----Gen.      sui    of himself, herself, ...
Recitation      Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson   Singular        Meaning      Plural                  Meaning1st      ...
Recitation  Present Subjunctive of SumSingular                Pluralsim        I may be     simus    we may besis        y...
RecitationImperfect Subjunctive of SumSingular                  Pluralessem I might be          essemus we might beesses  ...
Recitation       Perfect Subjunctive of sumSingular            Pluralfúerim              fuérimusfúeris              fuéri...
Recitation   Pluperfect Subjunctive of sumSingular         Pluralfuissem          fuissemusfuisses          fuissetisfuiss...
Recitation         Present Subjunctive Active1st        2nd        3rd       3rd io     4thamem       moneam     regam    ...
Recitation         Present Subjunctive Passive1st        2nd         3rd        3rd io      4thamer       monear      rega...
Recitation         Imperfect Subjunctive Active1st         2nd         3rd         3rd io      4thamarem      monerem     ...
Recitation      Imperfect Subjunctive Passive1st         2nd          3rd          3rd io       4thamarer      monerer    ...
Recitation             Perfect Subjunctive Active1st            2nd          3rd         3rd io      4thamaverim       mon...
Recitation          Perfect Subjunctive Passive1st             2nd              3rd               3rd io           4thamat...
Recitation      Pluperfect Subjunctive Active1st           2nd           3rd          3rd io       4thamavissem     monuis...
Recitation         Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive1st                2nd                     3rd                    3rd io ...
Recitation     Comparison of 3 Model AdjectivesPositive          Comparative                 Superlativecertus –a –um     ...
Recitation      Comparison of 8 Model Adjectives       Positive                   Comparative           Superlative1st/2nd...
Recitation                Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive                  Comparative             Superlativeb...
Recitation              Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive                Comparative        Superlativesenex seni...
Recitation               Regular Comparison of AdverbsPositive            Comparative        Superlativelatus –a –um      ...
Recitation                Irregular Comparison of AdverbsPositive                  Comparative                Superlativeb...
Latin Sayings-multum in parvo-Ánnuit coeptis.-E plúribus unum-Novus ordo seclorum-Cítius Áltius, Fórtius
Latin Sayings-multum in parvo  much in little-Ánnuit coeptis.  He has favored our undertaking.-E plúribus unum  One out of...
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?indicative, imperative, subjunctive
Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?
Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive   in English?let, might, could, may, should, would
Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and  subjunctive?indicative:subjunctive:
Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and  subjunctive?indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctiv...
Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in __________ clauses,  but also has some uses in __________ clauses.
Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in subordinate clauses,  but also has some uses in independent clauses.
GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the  ________.
GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the  infinitive.
GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on  the ______ stem by adding ___and ___, respectively.
GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on  the perfect stem by adding eri and isse, respectively.
GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses  are: _________ questions and __________ questions.
GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses  are: hortatory questions and deliberative questions.
GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?
GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?the 4th principal part + the present subjunctive of sum
Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are ________,  _____________, and ___________.
Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are positive,  comparative, and superlative.
Grammar QuestionsThe _______ is descriptive only.
Grammar QuestionsThe positive is descriptive only.
Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison  between two persons or things.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative implies a comparison  between two persons or things.
Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison among  more than two persons or things.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative implies a comparison among  more than two persons or things.
Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be  changed into comparatives by adding __,  and changed into su...
Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be  changed into comparatives by adding er,  and changed into su...
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed  from the positive by adding ____and _____to  the stem.
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed  from the positive by adding –ior and –ius to  the stem.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a  regular __________ _________or ______ noun,  but does not s...
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a  regular masculine feminine or neuter  noun, but does not sh...
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed  by adding _________________to the stem.
Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed  by adding –issimus –a –um to the stem.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the  regular ______________ noun.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the  regular 3rd declension noun.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective _____ _____follow  the i-stem pattern of the regular adjective,  brevis –e.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective does not follow the  i-stem pattern of the regular adjective,  brevis –e.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding  _______, _, __ (also –rimus or –limus) to the  stem.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding  issimus, a, um (also –rimus or –limus) to  the stem.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the  regular ___________________ adjective.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the  regular 1st/2nd – declension adjective.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are  formed by adding –_____ –_ –___ to the  masculine nominative...
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are  formed by adding –rimus –a –um to the  masculine nominative ...
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis,  similis, and humilis are formed by adding  –_____ –_ ...
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis,  similis, and humilis are formed by adding  –limus –a ...
Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same ____.
Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same case.
Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs _____ and _______.
Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs magis and maxime.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the ______  _________ _______ of the adjective comparative  form.
Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the neuter  accusative singular of the adjective comparative  f...
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by  changing the us of the adjective to _.
Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by  changing the us of the adjective to ē.
TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.
TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.Fugio ne vulnerer.
TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.
TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.Portas claudamus ut simus tuti.
TranslationCredo ut intellegam.
TranslationCredo ut intellegam.I believe in order that I may understand.
TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.
TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.Cedant arma togae.
TranslationLet the buyer beware.
TranslationLet the buyer beware.Caveat emptor.
TranslationRequiescat in pace.
TranslationRequiescat in pace.May he rest in peace.
TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.
TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.Hallowed be thy name.
TranslationWhile we live, let us live.
TranslationWhile we live, let us live.Dum vivimus, vivamus.
TranslationYou may have the body.
TranslationYou may have the body.Habeas corpus.
TranslationInítium faciamus.
TranslationInítium faciamus.Let us make a beginning.
TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.
TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.The birds fly lest they be captured.
TranslationQuis viam servet?
TranslationQuis viam servet?Who should guard the road?
Practice♦decline the comparative adjective of lenis in the masculine/feminine and neuter♦conjugate ago in the indicative a...
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Unit v review

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Unit v review

  1. 1. Unit V Review
  2. 2. Recitation♦model verbs6 tenses active and passive
  3. 3. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamo amamusamas amatisamat amant Imperfectamabam amabamusamabas amabatisamabat amabant Futureamabo amabimusamabis amabitisamabit amabunt
  4. 4. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamavi amavimusamavisti amavistisamavit amaverunt Pluperfectamaveram amaveramusamaveras amaveratisamaverat amaverant Future Perfectamavero amaverimusamaveris amaveritisamaverit amaverint
  5. 5. amo amare amavi amatus Presentamor amamuramaris amaminiamatur amantur Imperfectamabar amabamuramabaris amabaminiamabatur amabantur Futureamabor amabimuramaberis amabiminiamabitur amabuntur
  6. 6. amo amare amavi amatus Perfectamatus –a –um, sum amati –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectamatus –a –um, eram amati –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectamatus –a –um, ero amati –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  7. 7. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneo monemusmones monetismonet monent Imperfectmonebam monebamusmonebas monebatismonebat monebant Futuremonebo monebimusmonebis monebitismonebit monebunt
  8. 8. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonui monuimusmonuisti monuistismonuit monuerunt Pluperfectmonueram monueramusmonueras monueratismonuerat monuerant Future Perfectmonuero monuerimusmonueris monueritismonuerit monuerint
  9. 9. moneo monēre monui monitus Presentmoneor monemurmoneris moneminimonetur monentur Imperfectmonebar monebamurmonebaris monebaminimonebatur monebantur Futuremonebor monebimurmoneberis monebiminimonebitur monebuntur
  10. 10. moneo monēre monui monitus Perfectmonitus –a –um, sum moniti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectmonitus –a –um, eram moniti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectmonitus –a –um, ero moniti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  11. 11. rego regere rexi rectus Presentrego regimusregis regitisregit regunt Imperfectregebam regebamusregebas regebatisregebat regebant Futureregam regemusreges regetisreget regent
  12. 12. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrexi reximusrexisti rexistisrexit rexerunt Pluperfectrexeram rexeramusrexeras rexeratisrexerat rexerant Future Perfectrexero rexerimusrexeris rexeritisrexerit rexerint
  13. 13. rego regere rexi rectus Presentregor regimurregeris regiminiregitur reguntur Imperfectregebar regebamurregebaris regebaminiregebatur regebantur Futureregar regemurregeris regeminiregetur regentur
  14. 14. rego regere rexi rectus Perfectrectus –a –um, sum recti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectrectus –a –um, eram recti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectrectus –a –um, ero recti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  15. 15. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudio audimusaudis auditisaudit audiunt Imperfectaudiebam audiebamusaudiebas audiebatisaudiebat audiebant Futureaudiam audiemusaudies audietisaudiet audient
  16. 16. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectaudivi audivimusaudivisti audivistisaudivit audiverunt Pluperfectaudiveram audiveramusaudiveras audiveratisaudiverat audiverant Future Perfectaudivero audiverimusaudiveris audiveritisaudiverit audiverint
  17. 17. audio audire audivi auditus Presentaudior audimuraudiris audiminiauditur audiuntur Imperfectaudiebar audiebamuraudiebaris audiebaminiaudiebatur audiebantur Futureaudiar audiemuraudieris audieminiaudietur audientur
  18. 18. audio audire audivi auditus Perfectauditus –a –um, sum auditi –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectauditus –a –um, eram auditi –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectauditus –a –um, ero auditi –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  19. 19. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapio capimuscapis capitiscapit capiunt Imperfectcapiebam capiebamuscapiebas capiebatiscapiebat capiebant Futurecapiam capiemuscapies capietiscapiet capient
  20. 20. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcepi cepimuscepisti cepistiscepit ceperunt Pluperfectceperam ceperamusceperas ceperatisceperat ceperant Future Perfectcepero ceperimusceperis ceperitisceperit ceperint
  21. 21. capio capere cepi captus Presentcapior capimurcaperis capiminicapitur capiuntur Imperfectcapiebar capiebamurcapiebaris capiebaminicapiebatur capiebantur Futurecapiar capiemurcapieris capieminicapietur capientur
  22. 22. capio capere cepi captus Perfectcaptus –a –um, sum capti –ae –a, sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfectcaptus –a –um, eram capti –ae –a, eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfectcaptus –a –um, ero capti –ae –a, erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  23. 23. Recitation♦imperatives
  24. 24. RecitationVerb Singular Plural Meaningamo, amare ama amate Love!moneo, monēre monē monete Warn!rego, regere rege regite Rule!capio, capere cape capite Take!audio, audire audi audite Hear!sum, esse es este Be!dico, dicere dic dicite Speak!duco, ducere duc ducite Lead!facio, facere fac facite Make!
  25. 25. Recitation♦5 declensions:mensa, servus, bellum, pater, flumen, portus, res
  26. 26. Recitation♦Adjectives:acer acris acrebrevis –epotens potentis
  27. 27. Recitation SIngular PluralM F N M /F Nacer acris acre acres acria acris acris acrium acrium acri acri acribus acribus acrem acre acres acria acri acri acribus acribus
  28. 28. Recitation SIngular Plural M /F N M /F Nbrevis breve breves breviabrevis brevis brevium breviumbrevi brevi brevibus brevibusbrevem breve breves breviabrevi brevi brevibus brevibus
  29. 29. Recitation M/F NSingular Plural Singular Pluralpotens potentes potens potentiapotentis potentium potentis potentiumpotenti potentibus potenti potentibuspotentem potentes potens potentiapotenti potentibus potenti potentibus
  30. 30. Recitation♦Preposition Songs:-ab corum cum de ex in prae pro sine sub tenus-ad ante apud in inter ob per post propter sub trans circum contra juxta
  31. 31. Recitation♦Ordinal & Cardinal Numbers
  32. 32. Recitation Cardinal Ordinalunus –a –um one primus –a –um firstduo –ae –o two secundus –a –um second tres tria three tertius –a –um third quattuor four quartus –a –um fourth quinque five quintus –a –um fifth sex six sextus –a –um sixth septem seven septimus –a –um seventh octo eight octavus –a –um eighth novem nine nonus –a –um ninth decem ten decimus –a –um tenth
  33. 33. RecitationRoman Numeral Cardinal XI undecim eleven XII duodecim twelve XIII tredecim thirteen XIV quattuordecim fourteen XV quindecim fifteen XVI sedecim sixteen XVII septendecim seventeen XVIII duodeviginti eighteen XIX undeviginti nineteen XX viginti twenty
  34. 34. Recitation 3rd Person Pronouns; Demonstrative Pronouns (1) Singular Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuteris ea id ei eae eaejus ejus ejus eorum earum eorumei ei ei eis eis eiseum eam id eos eas eaeo eā eo eis eis eis
  35. 35. RecitationDemonstrative Pronouns (Near) (2) Singular Plural M F N M F Nhic haec hoc hi hae haechujus hujus hujus horum harum horumhuic huic huic his his hishunc hanc hoc hos has haechoc hac hoc his his his
  36. 36. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Far) (3) Singular Plural M F N M F Nille illa illud illi illae illaillíus illíus illíus illorum illarum illorumilli illi illi illis illis illisillum illam illud illos illas illaillo illā illo illis illis illis
  37. 37. Recitation Demonstrative Pronouns (Near to Person Spoken to) (4) Singular Plural M F N M F Niste ista istud isti istae istaistíus istíus istíus istorum istarum istorumisti isti isti istis istis istisistum istam istud istos istas istaisto istā isto istis istis istis
  38. 38. Recitation Intensive Pronouns Singular Plural M F N M F Nipse ipsa ipsum ipsi ipsae ipsaipsíus ipsíus ipsíus ipsorum ipsarum ipsorumipsi ipsi ipsi ipsis ipsis ipsisipsum ipsam ipsum ipsos ipsas ipsaipso ipsā ipso ipsis ipsis ipsis
  39. 39. Recitation 3rd Person Reflexive PronounsCase Form MeaningNom ----Gen. sui of himself, herself, itself, themselvesDat. sibi to/for himself, herself, itself, themselvesAcc. se himself, herself, itself, themselvesAbl. se ibwf himself, herself, itself, themselves
  40. 40. Recitation Reflexive Pronoun AdjectivesPerson Singular Meaning Plural Meaning1st meus mea meum my (own) noster nostra our (own) nostrum2nd tuus tua tuum your (own) vester vestra your (pl.) (own) vestrum3rd suus sua suum his, her, its, their (own)
  41. 41. Recitation Present Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralsim I may be simus we may besis you may be sitis you all may besit hsi may be sint they may be
  42. 42. RecitationImperfect Subjunctive of SumSingular Pluralessem I might be essemus we might beesses you might be essetis you all might beesset hsi might be essent they might be
  43. 43. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive of sumSingular Pluralfúerim fuérimusfúeris fuéritisfúerit fúerint
  44. 44. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive of sumSingular Pluralfuissem fuissemusfuisses fuissetisfuisset fuissent
  45. 45. Recitation Present Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamem moneam regam capiam audiamames moneas regas capias audiasamet moneat regat capiat audiatamemus moneamus regamus capiamus audiamusametis moneatis regatis capiatis audiatisament moneant regant capiant audiant
  46. 46. Recitation Present Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamer monear regar capiar audiarameris monearis regaris capiaris audiarisametur moneatur regatur capiatur audiaturamemur moneamur regamur capiamur audiamuramemini moneamini regamini capiamini audiaminiamentur moneantur regantur capiantur audiantur
  47. 47. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarem monerem regerem caperem audiremamares moneres regeres caperes audiresamaret moneret regeret caperet audiretamaremus moneremus regeremus caperemus audiremusamaretis moneretis regeretis caperetis audiretisamarent monerent regerent caperent audirent
  48. 48. Recitation Imperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamarer monerer regerer caperer audireramareris monereris regereris capereris audirerisamaretur moneretur regeretur caperetur audireturamaremur moneremur regeremur caperemur audiremuramaremini moneremini regeremini caperemini audireminiamarentur monerentur regerentur caperentur audirentur
  49. 49. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamaverim monuerim rexerim ceperim audiverimamaveris monueris rexeris ceperis audiverisamaverit monuerit rexerit ceperit audiveritamaverimus monuerimus rexerimus ceperimus audiverimusamaveritis monueritis rexeritis ceperitis audiveritisamaverint monuerint rexerint ceperint audiverint
  50. 50. Recitation Perfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus sim monitus, sim rectus, sim captus, sim auditus sima, um sis a, um sis a, um sis a, um sis , a, um sis sit sit sit sit sitamati simus moniti, simus recti, simus capti, simus auditi, simusae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis ae, a sitis sint sint sint sint sint
  51. 51. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive Active1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamavissem monuissem rexissem cepissem audivissemamavisses monuisses rexisses cepisses audivissesamavisset monuisset rexisset cepisset audivissetamavissemus monuissemus rexissemus cepissemus audivissemusamavissetis monuissetis rexissetis cepissetis audivissetisamavissent monuissent rexissent cepissent audivissent
  52. 52. Recitation Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive1st 2nd 3rd 3rd io 4thamatus essem monitus, a, essem rectus, a, essem captus, a, essem auditus, essema, um esses um esses um esses um esses a, um esses esset esset esset esset essetamati essemus moniti, ae, essemu recti, ae, essemus capti, ae, essemus auditi, essemae, a essetis a s a essetis a essetis ae, a essetis essent essetis essent essent essent essent
  53. 53. Recitation Comparison of 3 Model AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativecertus –a –um cértior (m/f) cértius (n) certíssimus –a –umcertain more certain most certainfortis –e fórtior (m/f) fórtius (n) fortíssimus –a –umbrave braver bravestpotens potentis poténtior (m/f) poténtius potentíssimus –a –um (n)powerful more powerful most powerful
  54. 54. Recitation Comparison of 8 Model Adjectives Positive Comparative Superlative1st/2nd miser mísera míserum misérior misérius misérrimus –a –um wretched more wretched most wretched pulcher pulchra pulchrum púlchrior púlchrius pulchérrimus –a –um beautiful more beautiful most beautiful3rd acer acris acre ácrior ácrius acérrimus –a –um sharp sharper sharpest fidelis –e fidélior fidélius fidelíssimus –a –um faithful more faithful most faithful fácilis –e facílior facílius facíllimus –a –um easy easier easiest
  55. 55. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativebonus –a -um melior -ius optimus –a -umgood better bestmalus –a –um pejor pejus pessimus –a –umbad worse worstmagnus –a –um major majus maximus –a –umgreat greater greatestparvus –a –um minor minus minimus –a –umsmall smaller smallestmultus –a –um plus pluris n. (noun) plurimus –a -ummuch more mostmulti–ae –a plures plura plurimi –ae –amany more very many, most
  56. 56. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdjectivesPositive Comparative Superlativesenex senis senior senius maximus natuold older oldestjuvenis is junior junius minimus natuyoung younger youngest
  57. 57. Recitation Regular Comparison of AdverbsPositive Comparative Superlativelatus –a –um látior látius latíssimus –a –umwide wider widestlatē látius latíssimēwidely more widely most widelygravis –e grávior grávius gravíssimus –a –umserious more serious most seriousgráviter grávius gravíssimēseriously more seriously most seriously
  58. 58. Recitation Irregular Comparison of AdverbsPositive Comparative Superlativebene well mélius better óptimē bestmale badly pejus worse péssimē worstmagnópere greatly magis more máximē mostparum little, not minus less mínimē least enoughmultum much plus more plúrimum mostdiu long (of diútius longer diutíssimē longest time)prope near própius nearer próximē nextsaepe often sáepius more often saepíssimē most often
  59. 59. Latin Sayings-multum in parvo-Ánnuit coeptis.-E plúribus unum-Novus ordo seclorum-Cítius Áltius, Fórtius
  60. 60. Latin Sayings-multum in parvo much in little-Ánnuit coeptis. He has favored our undertaking.-E plúribus unum One out of many-Novus ordo seclorum New order of the ages-Cítius Áltius, Fórtius Faster, Higher, Stronger
  61. 61. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?
  62. 62. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin there are three moods. What are they?indicative, imperative, subjunctive
  63. 63. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?
  64. 64. Grammar QuestionsWhat are six helping verbs that express the subjunctive in English?let, might, could, may, should, would
  65. 65. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative:subjunctive:
  66. 66. Grammar QuestionsWhat is the difference between indicative and subjunctive?indicative: actual events or actionssubjunctive: potential events or actions My children go to school. actual/indicative I want my children to go to school. – potential/subjunctive
  67. 67. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in __________ clauses, but also has some uses in __________ clauses.
  68. 68. Grammar QuestionsThe subjunctive is used primarily in subordinate clauses, but also has some uses in independent clauses.
  69. 69. GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the ________.
  70. 70. GrammarThe imperfect subjunctive active is built on the infinitive.
  71. 71. GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on the ______ stem by adding ___and ___, respectively.
  72. 72. GrammarThe perfect and pluperfect subjunctives are built on the perfect stem by adding eri and isse, respectively.
  73. 73. GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses are: _________ questions and __________ questions.
  74. 74. GrammarTwo uses of the subjunctive in independent clauses are: hortatory questions and deliberative questions.
  75. 75. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?
  76. 76. GrammarHow do you form the perfect subjunctive passive?the 4th principal part + the present subjunctive of sum
  77. 77. Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are ________, _____________, and ___________.
  78. 78. Grammar QuestionsThe three degrees of comparison are positive, comparative, and superlative.
  79. 79. Grammar QuestionsThe _______ is descriptive only.
  80. 80. Grammar QuestionsThe positive is descriptive only.
  81. 81. Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison between two persons or things.
  82. 82. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative implies a comparison between two persons or things.
  83. 83. Grammar QuestionsThe ___________ implies a comparison among more than two persons or things.
  84. 84. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative implies a comparison among more than two persons or things.
  85. 85. Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be changed into comparatives by adding __, and changed into superlatives by adding ___.
  86. 86. Grammar QuestionsIn English, many positive adjectives can be changed into comparatives by adding er, and changed into superlatives by adding est.
  87. 87. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed from the positive by adding ____and _____to the stem.
  88. 88. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the comparative adjective is formed from the positive by adding –ior and –ius to the stem.
  89. 89. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a regular __________ _________or ______ noun, but does not show the _ stem pattern.
  90. 90. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like a regular masculine feminine or neuter noun, but does not show the i stem pattern.
  91. 91. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed by adding _________________to the stem.
  92. 92. Grammar QuestionsIn Latin, the superlative adjective is formed by adding –issimus –a –um to the stem.
  93. 93. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the regular ______________ noun.
  94. 94. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective is declined like the regular 3rd declension noun.
  95. 95. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective _____ _____follow the i-stem pattern of the regular adjective, brevis –e.
  96. 96. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative adjective does not follow the i-stem pattern of the regular adjective, brevis –e.
  97. 97. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding _______, _, __ (also –rimus or –limus) to the stem.
  98. 98. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is formed by adding issimus, a, um (also –rimus or –limus) to the stem.
  99. 99. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the regular ___________________ adjective.
  100. 100. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjective is declined like the regular 1st/2nd – declension adjective.
  101. 101. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are formed by adding –_____ –_ –___ to the masculine nominative singular.
  102. 102. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives ending in er are formed by adding –rimus –a –um to the masculine nominative singular.
  103. 103. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis, similis, and humilis are formed by adding –_____ –_ –__ to the stem.
  104. 104. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative adjectives of facilis, difficilis, similis, and humilis are formed by adding –limus –a –um to the stem.
  105. 105. Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same ____.
  106. 106. Grammar QuestionsTwo nouns or pronouns compared using the adverb quam must be in the same case.
  107. 107. Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs _____ and _______.
  108. 108. Grammar QuestionsAdjectives with stems ending in a vowel are usually compared using the adverbs magis and maxime.
  109. 109. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the ______ _________ _______ of the adjective comparative form.
  110. 110. Grammar QuestionsThe comparative of all regular adverbs is the neuter accusative singular of the adjective comparative form.
  111. 111. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by changing the us of the adjective to _.
  112. 112. Grammar QuestionsThe superlative of all regular adverbs is formed by changing the us of the adjective to ē.
  113. 113. TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.
  114. 114. TranslationI am fleeing lest I be wounded.Fugio ne vulnerer.
  115. 115. TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.
  116. 116. TranslationLet us close the gates in order to be safe.Portas claudamus ut simus tuti.
  117. 117. TranslationCredo ut intellegam.
  118. 118. TranslationCredo ut intellegam.I believe in order that I may understand.
  119. 119. TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.
  120. 120. TranslationLet arms yield to the toga.Cedant arma togae.
  121. 121. TranslationLet the buyer beware.
  122. 122. TranslationLet the buyer beware.Caveat emptor.
  123. 123. TranslationRequiescat in pace.
  124. 124. TranslationRequiescat in pace.May he rest in peace.
  125. 125. TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.
  126. 126. TranslationSanctificetur nomen tuum.Hallowed be thy name.
  127. 127. TranslationWhile we live, let us live.
  128. 128. TranslationWhile we live, let us live.Dum vivimus, vivamus.
  129. 129. TranslationYou may have the body.
  130. 130. TranslationYou may have the body.Habeas corpus.
  131. 131. TranslationInítium faciamus.
  132. 132. TranslationInítium faciamus.Let us make a beginning.
  133. 133. TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.
  134. 134. TranslationAves volant ne capiantur.The birds fly lest they be captured.
  135. 135. TranslationQuis viam servet?
  136. 136. TranslationQuis viam servet?Who should guard the road?
  137. 137. Practice♦decline the comparative adjective of lenis in the masculine/feminine and neuter♦conjugate ago in the indicative active and passive

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