Lesson 10

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Lesson 10

  1. 1. Lesson XSayings, Grammar, Practice
  2. 2. Sayingsalter ego
  3. 3. Sayingsanother self
  4. 4. Grammar: The Naughty NineNine 1st/2nd declensionadjectives have irregular formsin the genitive and dativesingular.
  5. 5. Grammar: The Naughty NineThese adjectives have ius inthe genitive singular and the iin the dative singular. Theother forms are regular.
  6. 6. Grammar: The Naughty NineThese adjectives have ius inthe genitive singular and the iin the dative singular. Theother forms are regular.e.g. solus solius soli
  7. 7. Grammar: The Naughty NineThese adjectives have ius inthe genitive singular and the iin the dative singular. Theother forms are regular.e.g. solus solius soli
  8. 8. Grammar: The Naughty NineUnus, totus, ullus and nullusare declined like solus in thedeclension chart. Unus isdeclined only in the singular.
  9. 9. Grammar: The Naughty NineUnus, totus, ullus and nullusare declined like solus in thedeclension chart. Unus isdeclined only in the singular.Solus unus, totus, ullus, nullus
  10. 10. Grammar: The Naughty NineUllus is usually used innegative sentences orquestions.
  11. 11. Grammar: The Naughty NineNotice that alius has an i in thestem that is not doubled in thegenitive but is in the dative.
  12. 12. Grammar: The Naughty NineNotice that alius has an i in thestem that is not doubled in thegenitive but is in the dative.alius, alius, alii
  13. 13. Grammar: The Naughty NineAlter is an er adjective thatretains the final e and uter andneuter are er adjectives thatdrop the e. All three aredeclined in the singular only.
  14. 14. Grammar: The Naughty Ninealter uteralterius utriusalteri utri
  15. 15. PracticeQuestions
  16. 16. PracticeThe Naughty Nine haveexceptional forms in the and .
  17. 17. PracticeThe Naughty Nine haveexceptional forms in the genitive and dative singular.
  18. 18. Practice Latin often uses themasculine or neuter plural adjective to designate a ______ of ______ or __________.
  19. 19. Practice Latin often uses themasculine or neuter plural adjective to designate a class of people or things.
  20. 20. Practice A noun that immediatelyfollows another noun andrenames it is an .
  21. 21. Practice A noun that immediately follows another noun andrenames it is an appositive.
  22. 22. PracticeDeclining
  23. 23. Practice Singular Pluralnullus
  24. 24. Practice Singular Pluralnullus nulla nullum nulli nullae nullanullius nullius nullius nullorum nullarum nullorumnulli nulli nulli nullis nullis nullisnullum nullam nullum nullos nullas nullanullo nulla nullo nullis nullis nullis
  25. 25. Practice Conjugatepremo premere pressi pressusin the active and passive of all six tenses.
  26. 26. PracticeSIngular Plural Present Activepremo Imperfect Active Future Active
  27. 27. PracticeSIngular Plural Present Activepremo premimuspremis premitispremit premunt Imperfect Activepremebam premebamuspremebas premebatispremebat premebant Future Activepremam prememuspremes premetispremet prement
  28. 28. PracticeSIngular Plural Perfect Activepressi Pluperfect Active Future Perfect Active
  29. 29. PracticeSIngular Plural Perfect Activepressi pressimuspressisti pressistispressit presserunt Pluperfect Activepresseram presseramuspresseras presseratispresserat presserant Future Perfect Activepressero presserimuspresseris presseritispresserit presserint
  30. 30. PracticeSIngular Plural Present Passivepremor Imperfect Passive Future Passive
  31. 31. PracticeSIngular Plural Present Passivepremor premimurpremeris premiminipremitur premuntur Imperfect Passivepremebar premebamurpremebaris premebaminipremebatur premebantur Future Passivepremar prememurpremeris prememinipremetur prementur
  32. 32. PracticeSIngular Plural Perfect Passivepressus –a –um sum Pluperfect Passive Future Perfect Passive
  33. 33. PracticeSIngular Plural Perfect Passivepressus –a –um, sum pressi –ae –a , sumuses estisest sunt Pluperfect Passivepressus –a –um, eram pressi –ae –a , eramuseras eratiserat erant Future Perfect Passivepressus –a –um, ero pressi –ae –a , erimuseris eritiserit erunt
  34. 34. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet.
  35. 35. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet.
  36. 36. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. it will conquer
  37. 37. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. it will conquer
  38. 38. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. army it will conquer
  39. 39. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. army it will conquer
  40. 40. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. neither army it will conquer
  41. 41. Practice1. Neuter exercitus vincet. neither army it will conquerNeither army will conquer.
  42. 42. Practice1. Ullam pecuniam non habet.2. Nullam pecuniam habeo.3. Dux totius exercitus est.4. Praemium alteri militi dedisti.5. Solum unum scutum habeo.
  43. 43. Practice1. Ullam pecuniam non habet.He does not have any money.2. Nullam pecuniam habeo.I have no money.3. Dux totius exercitus est.He is the leader of the whole army.4. Praemium alteri militi dedisti.You gave a reward to the other soldier.5. Solum unum scutum habeo.I have only one shield.

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