Human development indicators

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Human development indicators

  1. 1. BIGITH V .B 1STSEM,M.TECH (URP) IDS,UNIVERSITY OF MYSORE
  2. 2.      INTRODUCTION HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX HUMAN POVERTY INDEX GENDER RELATED DEVELOPMENT INDEX CONCLUSION
  3. 3.    According to the UNDP,human development is defined as “a process of enlarging people’s choices.” At all levels of development, the three essential choices for people are to live a long and healthy life to acquire better knowledge To have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living.
  4. 4. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICATOR HUMAN DEVELOPMEN T INDEX HUMAN POVERTY INDEX GENDER RELATED DEVELOPMENT INDEX
  5. 5. The origins of the HDI are found in the annual Development Reports of the United Nations Development Programme. These were devised and launched by Pakistani economist Mahbubul Haq in 1990 . To produce the Human Development Reports, Mahbubul Haq brought together a group of well-known development economists. Amartya Sen was one among them.
  6. 6. Human Development Index (HDI) Dimensions Long and healthy life Knowledge Decent standard of living Dimensions index Life expectancy index Education index GDP index Indicator Life expectancy at birth Adult literacy rate GDP per capita (PPP US$) Gross enrollment ratio
  7. 7.    HDI = 1/3( life expectancy index ) + 1/3 (education index)+1/3(GDP index) Dimension index = actual value – minimum value (LEI,EI,GDPI) maximum value – minimum value Goal post for calculating the HDI Indicator maximum value minimum value Life expectancy at birth (years ) 85 25 Adult literacy rate (%) 100 0 Combined gross enrolment ratio (%) 100 0 GDP per capita ( PPP US $) 40,000 100
  8. 8. Human Development Index- High Development Moderate Development Low Development
  9. 9. Very High Human Development 1 Norway 0.955 2 Australia 0.938 3 Iceland 0.937 4 Netherland 0.921 5 Germany 0.920
  10. 10. Low Human Development 5 Burkina Faso 0.343 4 Chad 0.340 3 Mozambique 0.327 2 Democratic Republic of Congo 0.304 1 Niger 0.304
  11. 11. 10 JAPAN 0.912 92 SRILANKA 0.715 101 CHINA 0.699 136 INDIA 0.554 146 PAKISTAN 0.515
  12. 12. According to the report, India’s HDI has registered impressive gains in the last two decades as the index increased by 43 per cent ( 0.387 in 1990 to 0.554 in 2013) HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX OF INDIA 1990-2013 0.6 0.5 0.4 HDI  0.3 0.2 0.1 0 Series1 1990 2000 2005 2007 2010 2011 2012 2013 0.387 0.437 0.461 0.504 0.523 0.542 0.547 0.554
  13. 13.    India Human Development Report, 2011, prepared by Institute of Applied Manpower Research, placed Kerala on top of the index for achieving highest literacy rate, quality health services and consumption expenditure of people. Two-thirds of the households in the country reside in pucca (cemented) houses and threefourth of families have access to electricity for domestic use. However, it noted that Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Assam are those states which continue to lag behind in HDI
  14. 14. 1.The Human Poverty Index for developing and Under developed Countries (HPI-1) While the HDI measures average achievement ,HPI-1 measures deprivations in the three basic dimensions of human A long and Knowledge A decent development captured in the HDI. healthy life standard of living Vulnerability to death at a relative early age. Exclusion from the world of reading and communications . Lack of access to overall economic provisioning
  15. 15. CALCULATING THE HPI -1 The formula to calculate the HPI-1 is as follows : HPI -1 = [1/3 ( P1 α + P2 α + P3 α )]1/α Where  P1 = Probability at birth not surviving to age 40  P2 = Adult Illiteracy rate  P3 = Under weighted average of population not using an improved water source and children under weight –for-age.  α = 3
  16. 16. 2.THE HUMAN POVERTY INDEX FOR SELECTED OECD COUNTRIES (HPI-2) The HPI-2 measures deprivation in the same dimensions as the HPI-1 and also captures A longsocial exclusion. and Knowledge A decent Social healthy life standard of living Vulnerability to Exclusion from the Lack of access to death at a world of reading and overall economic relative early communications provisioning age. Exclusion Measured by the rate of long term unemployment
  17. 17. CALCULATING THE HPI -2 The formula used to calculate the HPI-2 is as follows: HPI-2 = [1/4(P1α +P2α+P3α+P4α]1/α Where  P1 = Probability at birth not surviving to age 60.  P2 = Percentage of adult lacking functional literacy skills  P3 = Percentage of population below income poverty line .  P4 = Rate of long term unemployment (lasting 12 months or more)  α = 3
  18. 18. While the HDI measures average achievement, the GDI adjusts the average achievement to reflect the inequalities between men and women in the following dimension. Long and Measured by life expectancy at birth. healthy life  Knowledge Measured by the adult literacy rate and enrolment ratio Decent standard of living Measured by estimated earned income
  19. 19.  The calculation of the GDI involves three steps , First female and male indices in each dimension are calculated according to this general formula: Dimension index = Actual value - minimum value Maximum value - minimum value Second the male and female indices in each dimension are combined in a way that penalizes differences in achievement between men and women Equally distributed index = {(female population share (female index1-ε) + {male population share (male index 1-ε)} 1/1-ε ε measures the aversion to inequality .In the
  20. 20. One of the most important issues that have bearing on the progress of human development indicators is the pace of urbanization Another specific demographic feature that influences human development is high proportion of traditionally disadvantaged people ,viz SC and ST in total population On literacy and elementary education much progress has been made past. One worrying aspect of illiteracy is that substantial number of person in the age group 1524 were found to be illiterate in 2001. As far as the health care sector is concerned ,what really comes in the way of objective evaluation of the state of affairs is a serious lack of adequate and usable data
  21. 21. THANK YOU…………

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