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Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
Grammer book 2nd semester
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Grammer book 2nd semester

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  • 1. Grammer Book2nd semester<br />Benjamin Blackburn<br />
  • 2. Table of Contents<br />Conditional + Irregulars<br />Present Perfect<br />Past Perfect<br />Present Perfect Irregulars<br />Subjunctive Perfect<br />Tanto y Tan<br />Impersonal “Se”<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Los Mandatos<br />Formal/Informal<br />Affirmative Commands<br />Negative Commands <br />15. Irregular Commands<br />16. DOP and IOP <br />17. Nosotros Commands<br />18. Mono Verbs<br />19. Subjunctive<br />20. Irregulars<br />21. Trigger Phrases <br />22. Impersonal Expressions<br />23. Expressions of Emotion<br />24. Conjunctions of Time <br />25. Demonstrative Adjectives<br />26. Demonstrative Pronouns <br />
  • 3. Conditional + Irregulars<br />Words like would, could, and should.<br />Gustar type words are often used with it.<br />Endings<br />íaíasíaíamosíaisían<br />
  • 4. Present Perfect <br />Formed by combining “has” or “have” with the past participle.<br />Two verbs are required (Main and Auxiliary verb).<br />
  • 5. Past Perfect<br />Combines the use of the auxiliary verb (had) with the past participle.<br />Also requires two verbs (Main and Auxiliary verb).<br />Use the imperfect tense with the past participle.<br />
  • 6. Present Perfect Irregulars<br />
  • 7. Subjunctive Perfect<br />Formed by using present subjunctive of helping verb with the past participle.<br />Example: I (have)….<br />
  • 8. Tanto y Tan<br />Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using nouns.<br /> tanto(-a,-os,-as) + noun + como<br />Used to form comparisons of things with equal qualities using adj. or adv.<br /> tan + adjective (adverb) + como<br />
  • 9. Impersonal “Se”<br />Put verbs in the 3rd person and have it follow “se”.<br />Se + 3rd person verb<br />
  • 10. Saber vsConocer<br />Saber is used when you know a fact, to know something thoroughly, or to know how to do something.<br />Conocer is used when something learning a person, place, or thing.<br />
  • 11. Los Mandatos<br />Used to directly give someone an order.<br />Can be formal, informal, nosotros, affirmative or negative.<br />
  • 12. Formal/Informal<br />
  • 13. Affirmative Commands<br />
  • 14. Negative Commands <br />Formed the same as the Affirmative commands except you just put a “no” in the front. <br />
  • 15. Irregular Commands<br />
  • 16. DOP and IOP<br />Placed before verb to answer who and what.<br />Placed before the verb to answer whom and for whom.<br />
  • 17. Nosotros Commands<br />Command used when the speaker is involved.<br />Just add “no” before the verb.<br />(no) Lets + (verb)<br />
  • 18. Mono Verbs<br />Affirmative nosotros commands>> drop the finial “s” before adding pronouns.<br />To make it negative just add a “no” before.<br />(no)(verb)mos + nos = (verb)monos<br />
  • 19. Subjunctive<br />The subjunctive is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity: Things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity.<br />Yo form of present indicative>>drop “o”>>add appropriate ending.<br />
  • 20. Irregulars<br />TVDISHES<br />-car, -gar, -zar verbs<br />
  • 21. Trigger Phrases<br />Esperarque…<br />Insistiren que…<br />Mandarque… <br />Preferirque… <br />Prohibirque… <br />Quererque…<br />Es aconsejableque…<br />Es necesarioque…<br />Pedirque…<br />Recomendarque…<br />Rogarque…<br />Sugerirque…<br />
  • 22. Impersonal Expressions<br />Expressions that introduce an aspect of uncertainty.<br />
  • 23. Expressions of Emotion<br />Es maloque …it's ( too) bad that<br />Es mejorque … it's better that<br />Es peorque … it's worse that<br />Es preferibleque … it's preferable that<br />Es raroque … it's strange that<br />Es tristeque … it's sad that<br />Es útilque … it's useful that<br />Estarcontentoque … to be happy that<br />Estartristeque … to be sad that<br />Extrañarseque … to be amazed that<br />Gustarseque … to like<br />Másvale que … it's better that<br />Sentirque … to regret, be sorry that<br />Sorprenderseque … to be surprised that<br />Temerque … to fear that<br />Tenermiedoque … to be afraid that<br />
  • 24. Conjunctions of Time<br />Así que… as soonas<br />Cuando… when<br />Despuesde que… after<br />En cuanto… as soonas<br />Hasta que… until<br />Luego que… as soonas<br />Tan pronto como… as soon as<br />
  • 25. Demonstrative Adjectives<br />An adjective that points out something. <br />
  • 26. Demonstrative Pronouns<br />Used to stand for nouns instead of modify them.<br /><ul><li>estas (those)
  • 27. esas (that)
  • 28. aquellas (those)</li></li></ul><li>

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