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Le passé composé
    avec avoir
      n i!      é!
       fi g   n
   ai ga
 J’ i
    J ’a
What is it?
The passé composé is a past
 tense in French. It is a
 compound tense, which means it
 is made up of two verbs. You
 need an auxiliary (helping) verb
 in the present tense and the
 participe passé (past participle)
 of the main verb. For most
 verbs, the auxiliary verb is
 avoir.
REVIEW CONJUGATION of AVOIR

J’ai
Tu as
Il/Elle/on a
Nous avons
Vous avez
Elles/Ils ont
To form the
participe passé
 Drop the last two letters of
  the infinitive and add…
 -er >é      -ir >i    -re >u
 parler      finir     vendre
 parlé        fini      vendu
Conjugation of parler in the
      passé composé
     avoir     participe passé
      j’ai          parlé
     tu as          parlé
il, elle, on a      parlé
  nous avons        parlé
  vous avez         parlé
ils, elles ont      parlé
Translations (3 ways)

J’ai parlé. = I spoke.
             I did speak.
             I have spoken.
Elle a attendu. = ?
Negation
Negative words go around the
 auxiliary verb.
Il n’a pas joué.
 He didn’t play./He hasn’t
 played.
Tu n’as pas fini.
 You didn’t finish./You haven’t
 finished.
Questions
Est-ce que:
Est-ce qu’il a joué?
Did he play?

Quand est-ce que tu as fini?
When did you finish?
Inversion: (invert auxiliary verb
 and subject, add -)

1. Quand as-tu fini?
When did you finish?
2. A-t-il* joué?
Did he play?

* Add –t- when inverting il/elle/on form of
  avoir
Remember…

1. The passé composé has TWO
   verbs: auxiliary (helping)
   verb (avoir) and participe
   passé.
2. The participe passé always
   comes after the auxiliary
   verb.

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Passe compose with avoir

  • 1. Le passé composé avec avoir n i! é! fi g n ai ga J’ i J ’a
  • 2. What is it? The passé composé is a past tense in French. It is a compound tense, which means it is made up of two verbs. You need an auxiliary (helping) verb in the present tense and the participe passé (past participle) of the main verb. For most verbs, the auxiliary verb is avoir.
  • 3. REVIEW CONJUGATION of AVOIR J’ai Tu as Il/Elle/on a Nous avons Vous avez Elles/Ils ont
  • 4. To form the participe passé Drop the last two letters of the infinitive and add… -er >é -ir >i -re >u parler finir vendre parlé fini vendu
  • 5. Conjugation of parler in the passé composé avoir participe passé j’ai parlé tu as parlé il, elle, on a parlé nous avons parlé vous avez parlé ils, elles ont parlé
  • 6. Translations (3 ways) J’ai parlé. = I spoke. I did speak. I have spoken. Elle a attendu. = ?
  • 7. Negation Negative words go around the auxiliary verb. Il n’a pas joué. He didn’t play./He hasn’t played. Tu n’as pas fini. You didn’t finish./You haven’t finished.
  • 8. Questions Est-ce que: Est-ce qu’il a joué? Did he play? Quand est-ce que tu as fini? When did you finish?
  • 9. Inversion: (invert auxiliary verb and subject, add -) 1. Quand as-tu fini? When did you finish? 2. A-t-il* joué? Did he play? * Add –t- when inverting il/elle/on form of avoir
  • 10. Remember… 1. The passé composé has TWO verbs: auxiliary (helping) verb (avoir) and participe passé. 2. The participe passé always comes after the auxiliary verb.