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Modern Art & Music
 

Modern Art & Music

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    Modern Art & Music Modern Art & Music Presentation Transcript

    • MODERN ART & MUSIC AND MOVIES & RADIO (1918-1939) Eastview High School – AP European History McKay et al, 8 th ed. – Ch28, The Age of Anxiety
    • Essential Questions
      • How does art and music reflect the changes in society as a consequence of World War I and how do these changes represent the Age of Anxiety?
      • What is the impact of movies and radio on post World War I society and how do political leaders use these media to their advantage?
    • Architecture and Design
      • “ Modernism" in art and music meant constant experimentation and a search for new forms of expression.
      • Architecture and design
        • The new idea of functionalism in architecture, exemplified by Le Corbusier, emphasized efficiency and clean lines instead of ornamentation .
      Le Corbusier – “a house is a machine for living in.”
    • Le Corbusier (1887-1965)
      • The United Nations building in New York was designed by Le Corbusier.
      • This became known as the international style of architecture which became prominent in capitalist countries.
    • Architecture
      • The Chicago school of architects, led by Sullivan, pioneered in the building of skyscrapers.
      • This building – the Carson Priere Scott building in Chicago, is representative of the new techniques in architecture which feature clean lines.
    • Frank Lloyd Wright
      • Frank Lloyd Wright designed truly modern houses featuring low lines, open interiors, and mass-produced building materials.
    • The Bauhaus Movement
      • Germany was the leader in modern architecture.
        • The Bauhaus school under Gropius became the major proponent of functional and industrial forms .
        • It combined the study of fine art with the study of applied art.
        • The Bauhaus movement stressed good design for everyday life .
    • Bauhaus Architecture & Design
      • The Trocadero in Paris is typical of the Bauhaus style of architecture. The building faces the Eiffel Tower.
    • Modern Painting
      • French impressionism yielded to nonrepresentational expressionism , which sought to portray the worlds of emotion and imagination, as in the works of van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, and Matisse .
    • Cubism – Picasso
      • Cubism, founded by Picasso , concentrated on zigzagging lines and overlapping planes.
      • This image is titled, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon .
      • The painting is of five women in a brothel in Barcelona, but the work is considered a revolutionary upheaval in art because it broke free of established rules and gave the viewer a new perspective.
    • Kandinsky
      • Non -representational art turned away from nature completely; it focused on mood, not objects .
    • Salvador Dali
      • Dadaism and surrealism became prominent in the 1920s and 193Os.
      • Dadaism delighted in outrageous conduct. (DALI)
      • Surrealists, inspired by Freud , painted wild dreams and complex symbols.
    • Guernica (1937) Picasso’s great mural Guernica unites cubism, surrealism, and expressionism .
    • Modern Music
      • The concept of expressionism also affected music, as in the work of Stravinsky and Berg .
        • After the experience of the First World War, when irrationality and violence seemed to pervade the human experience, expressionism in opera and ballet flourished.
        • One of the most famous and powerful examples was the opera Wozzeck , by Alban Berg (1885-1935).
      • Some composers, led by Schonberg , abandoned traditional harmony and tonality.
    • Movies and Radio
      • The general public embraced movies and radio enthusiastically.
      • The movie factories and stars like Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, Douglas Fairbanks, Rudolph Valentino, and Charlie Chaplin created a new medium and a new culture.
      • Movie-going became a form of escapism and the main entertainment of the masses.
    • Radio
      • Radio, which became possible with Marconi’s “wireless ” communication and the development of the vacuum tube, permitted transmission of speech and music, but major broadcasting did not begin until 1920.
      • Then every country established national broadcasting networks; by the late 193Os, three of four households in Britain and Germany had a radio .
        • Great Britain created a middle way between private ownership and government (state) ownership of their radio network (BBC).
      • Dictators and presidents used the radio for political propaganda.
    • Movies as Political Propaganda
      • Movies also became tools of indoctrination.
      • Eisenstein used film to dramatize the communist view of Russian history .
      • In Germany, Riefenstahl created a propaganda film for Hitler.
    • Questions for your review
      • What are the characteristics of the Bauhaus movement?
      • Describe how Picasso’s “Guernica” portrays the brutality and darkness of the 20 th century.
      • Who is considered a leader in the surrealist movement?
      • Who is Schonberg and what is his significant contribution to music?
      • What do you know about “Birth of a Nation”?
      • How is the BBC unique in its formation and management from private networks?