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The Division Of Europe


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The Division Of Europe

  1. 1. THE DIVISION OF EUROPE Eastview High School – AP European History McKay, et al., 8 th ed. – Ch30 Section 1
  2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>How do the Allies deal with the post war boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the essential causes of the cold war? </li></ul>
  3. 3. West versus East <ul><li>Truman cut off aid to Russia because of Stalin’s insistence on having communist governments in Eastern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1947, many Americans believed that Stalin was trying to export communist revolution throughout Europe and the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Marshall Plan & NATO <ul><li>The Marshall Plan was established to help European economic recovery; the Truman Doctrine was meant to ward off-communist subversion with military aid. </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet blockade of Berlin led to a successful Allied airlift. (324 days) </li></ul><ul><li>In 1949, the United States formed an anti-Soviet military alliance of Western governments, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ; in return, Stalin united his satellites in the Warsaw Pact . </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Spread of Communism <ul><li>In 1949, communists won in China. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950, when communist North Korea invaded the south, American-led UN troops intervened. </li></ul><ul><li>The Western attempt to check Stalin probably came too late and may have encouraged Russian aggression . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Questions for your review <ul><li>Which conference did Truman insist that Stalin allow free elections? </li></ul><ul><li>What war-time decision ultimately led to Europe divided between east and west? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the goal of the Truman Doctrine? </li></ul><ul><li>What two events led to the creation of NATO? </li></ul>