Modern Art & Music


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Modern Art & Music

  1. 1. MODERN ART & MUSIC AND MOVIES & RADIO (1918-1939) Eastview High School – AP European History McKay et al, 8 th ed. – Ch28, The Age of Anxiety
  2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>How does art and music reflect the changes in society as a consequence of World War I and how do these changes represent the Age of Anxiety? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the impact of movies and radio on post World War I society and how do political leaders use these media to their advantage? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Architecture and Design <ul><li>“ Modernism&quot; in art and music meant constant experimentation and a search for new forms of expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture and design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The new idea of functionalism in architecture, exemplified by Le Corbusier, emphasized efficiency and clean lines instead of ornamentation . </li></ul></ul>Le Corbusier – “a house is a machine for living in.”
  4. 4. Le Corbusier (1887-1965) <ul><li>The United Nations building in New York was designed by Le Corbusier. </li></ul><ul><li>This became known as the international style of architecture which became prominent in capitalist countries. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Architecture <ul><li>The Chicago school of architects, led by Sullivan, pioneered in the building of skyscrapers. </li></ul><ul><li>This building – the Carson Priere Scott building in Chicago, is representative of the new techniques in architecture which feature clean lines. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Frank Lloyd Wright <ul><li>Frank Lloyd Wright designed truly modern houses featuring low lines, open interiors, and mass-produced building materials. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Bauhaus Movement <ul><li>Germany was the leader in modern architecture. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bauhaus school under Gropius became the major proponent of functional and industrial forms . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It combined the study of fine art with the study of applied art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bauhaus movement stressed good design for everyday life . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bauhaus Architecture & Design <ul><li>The Trocadero in Paris is typical of the Bauhaus style of architecture. The building faces the Eiffel Tower. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Modern Painting <ul><li>French impressionism yielded to nonrepresentational expressionism , which sought to portray the worlds of emotion and imagination, as in the works of van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne, and Matisse . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cubism – Picasso <ul><li>Cubism, founded by Picasso , concentrated on zigzagging lines and overlapping planes. </li></ul><ul><li>This image is titled, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon . </li></ul><ul><li>The painting is of five women in a brothel in Barcelona, but the work is considered a revolutionary upheaval in art because it broke free of established rules and gave the viewer a new perspective. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kandinsky <ul><li>Non -representational art turned away from nature completely; it focused on mood, not objects . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Salvador Dali <ul><li>Dadaism and surrealism became prominent in the 1920s and 193Os. </li></ul><ul><li>Dadaism delighted in outrageous conduct. (DALI) </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealists, inspired by Freud , painted wild dreams and complex symbols. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Guernica (1937) Picasso’s great mural Guernica unites cubism, surrealism, and expressionism .
  14. 14. Modern Music <ul><li>The concept of expressionism also affected music, as in the work of Stravinsky and Berg . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the experience of the First World War, when irrationality and violence seemed to pervade the human experience, expressionism in opera and ballet flourished. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the most famous and powerful examples was the opera Wozzeck , by Alban Berg (1885-1935). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some composers, led by Schonberg , abandoned traditional harmony and tonality. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Movies and Radio <ul><li>The general public embraced movies and radio enthusiastically. </li></ul><ul><li>The movie factories and stars like Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, Douglas Fairbanks, Rudolph Valentino, and Charlie Chaplin created a new medium and a new culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Movie-going became a form of escapism and the main entertainment of the masses. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Radio <ul><li>Radio, which became possible with Marconi’s “wireless ” communication and the development of the vacuum tube, permitted transmission of speech and music, but major broadcasting did not begin until 1920. </li></ul><ul><li>Then every country established national broadcasting networks; by the late 193Os, three of four households in Britain and Germany had a radio . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain created a middle way between private ownership and government (state) ownership of their radio network (BBC). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dictators and presidents used the radio for political propaganda. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Movies as Political Propaganda <ul><li>Movies also became tools of indoctrination. </li></ul><ul><li>Eisenstein used film to dramatize the communist view of Russian history . </li></ul><ul><li>In Germany, Riefenstahl created a propaganda film for Hitler. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Questions for your review <ul><li>What are the characteristics of the Bauhaus movement? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how Picasso’s “Guernica” portrays the brutality and darkness of the 20 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is considered a leader in the surrealist movement? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is Schonberg and what is his significant contribution to music? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you know about “Birth of a Nation”? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the BBC unique in its formation and management from private networks? </li></ul>