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THE RESPONSIVE NATIONAL STATE, 1871-1914 Eastview High School – AP European History * Ch25 – The Age of Nationalism (1850-...
Essential Questions <ul><li>How does nationalism evolve so that it appealed not only to predominately middle-class liberal...
The German Empire <ul><li>Bismarck conciliated liberals, waged  Kulturkampf  against Catholics, 1870  1878. </li></ul><ul...
German Social Reforms <ul><li>In 1883  1884 Bismarck passed social security laws to prevent the spread of socialism. Thes...
Republican France <ul><li>Gambetta combined eloquence with the personal touch as he preached a republic of truly equal opp...
The Dreyfus Affair <ul><li>In 1898  99 Dreyfus affair increased tension between republicans and Catholics (Alfred Dreyfus...
Great Britain & Ireland <ul><li>Who wrote  On Liberty? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Benjamin Disraeli? </li></ul><ul><li>Who ...
Protestants of Ulster in Ireland <ul><li>Irish nationalists demanded political autonomy and Irish Protestants in north res...
Austro-Hungarian Empire <ul><li>Due to ethnic divisions the Austro-Hungarian Empire was unable to harness nationalism as o...
Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism <ul><li>What are the rising causes of anti-Semitism? </li></ul><ul><li>Who wa...
Questions for your review <ul><li>What was the Kulturkampf? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the name of the German customs unio...
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The Responsive National State, 1871 1914

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The Responsive National State, 1871 1914

  1. 1. THE RESPONSIVE NATIONAL STATE, 1871-1914 Eastview High School – AP European History * Ch25 – The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914) Section 5 – The Responsive National State * McKay, et al., 8 th edition
  2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>How does nationalism evolve so that it appealed not only to predominately middle-class liberals but also to the broach masses of society? </li></ul><ul><li>How do governments work with socialists to prevent the radical revolution which Marx predicts? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The German Empire <ul><li>Bismarck conciliated liberals, waged Kulturkampf against Catholics, 1870  1878. </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in world agricultural prices led Germany to high tariffs to protect German farmers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. German Social Reforms <ul><li>In 1883  1884 Bismarck passed social security laws to prevent the spread of socialism. These included old-age pensions and national health and accident insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1890 the new German Emperor, William II, fired Bismarck. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Republican France <ul><li>Gambetta combined eloquence with the personal touch as he preached a republic of truly equal opportunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion in Paris against conservative cession of Alsace-Lorraine to Germans, March 1871 (Paris Commune). Defeated in bloody fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate republicans Leon Gambetta, Jules Ferry established free compulsory education for girls and boys (1886), legalized unions. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers in new public school system spread republican ideas, undermined grip of Catholic Church schools on rural thinking. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Dreyfus Affair <ul><li>In 1898  99 Dreyfus affair increased tension between republicans and Catholics (Alfred Dreyfus was a Jewish army captain falsely accused of treason). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Great Britain & Ireland <ul><li>Who wrote On Liberty? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Benjamin Disraeli? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was David Lloyd George? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was William Gladstone? </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of franchise in 1832, 1867, 1884 (universal male suffrage). </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1906  1914 Liberal party defeated aristocratic conservatives in House of Lords, raised taxes on rich to fund national health insurance, unemployment benefits, pensions, and so on. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Protestants of Ulster in Ireland <ul><li>Irish nationalists demanded political autonomy and Irish Protestants in north resisted. </li></ul><ul><li>The Protestants of the northern counties of Ulster refused to submerge themselves to a Catholic and independent Ireland just as Irish Catholics had refused to submit to a Protestant Britain. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Austro-Hungarian Empire <ul><li>Due to ethnic divisions the Austro-Hungarian Empire was unable to harness nationalism as other major European states did after 1870. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jewish Emancipation and Modern Anti-Semitism <ul><li>What are the rising causes of anti-Semitism? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Karl Lueger? </li></ul><ul><li>Jews gradually gained their civil rights, France 1791 and Germany 1871. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews became prominent in journalism, medicine, law, finance, railroad building. </li></ul><ul><li>Stock market crash of 1873 catalyzed vicious anti-Semitism. Conservative and extremist nationalist politicians used anti-Semitism to mobilize support; for example, in Vienna. </li></ul><ul><li>In Russia from 1881 government officials used anti-Semitism to channel popular resentment. They encouraged pogroms. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions for your review <ul><li>What was the Kulturkampf? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the name of the German customs union? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the motive for Bismarck’s social reforms? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Dreyfus Affair? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the accomplishments of the Liberal party in Great Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of the major powers of Europe was unable to harness the strength of modern nationalism? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Karl Lueger? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the causes of rising anti-Semitism? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Theodore Herzl? </li></ul>

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