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Marxism And The Socialist Movement


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Marxism And The Socialist Movement

  1. 1. MARXISM AND THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT Eastview High School – AP European History * Ch25 The Age of Nationalism 1850-1914 Section 6 – Marxism and the Socialist Movement * McKay et al, 8 th edition
  2. 2. Essential question <ul><li>“ Did the rapid growth of socialist parties, which were generally Marxian parties dedicated to an international proletarian revolution, mean that national states had failed to gain the support of the workers?” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Socialist International <ul><li>A rapid growth of socialist parties occurred throughout Europe after 1871. </li></ul><ul><li>With Marx’s help, socialists united in 1864 to form an international socialist organization known as the First International; it was short-lived but had a great psychological impact. </li></ul><ul><li>The Second International—a federation of national socialist parties—lasted until 1914. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Unions and Revisionism <ul><li>Why doesn’t Marx’s predictions about a violent revolution and all-out class warfare come true? </li></ul><ul><li>There was a general rise in the standard of living and quality of life for workers in the late nineteenth century, so they became less revolutionary . </li></ul><ul><li>Unions were gradually legalized in Europe, and they were another factor in the trend toward moderation. </li></ul><ul><li>Revisionist socialists believed in working within capitalism (through labor unions, for example) and no longer saw the future in terms of capitalist-worker warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>In the late nineteenth century, the socialist movements within each nation became different from one another and thereby more and more nationalistic . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Questions for your review <ul><li>Which party was the largest in the Reichstag (1912)? </li></ul><ul><li>How did this party (1912) gain their power? </li></ul><ul><li>Which group did Marx help to form? </li></ul><ul><li>What significant annual event did the Second International declare? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Edward Bernstein? </li></ul>