Agroforestry Research in Indonesia:
Where to go for the next two decades
By:
Dede Rohadi and Tuti Herawati

World Agrofore...
Background
 Agroforestry has long been practiced in
Indonesia

 Agroforestry is yet to be an important
mainstream compon...
Process of setting up the NSAR
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Initial draft (Dec 2011)
Internal Review (Jan 2012)
Field visits (January-F...
Vision and Missions
Vision:
Agroforestry is widely adopted by
communities as an integrated land use
system that can bridge...
Vision and Missions
Missions:
1. To undertake research and development to
contribute to achieve National Forestry
Planning...
Challenges and Opportunities
Underlying Priority Research Themes
• Challenges
1.
2.
3.
4.

Poverty
Tenure conflicts
Trade ...
Priority Research Themes
1.Smallholder Production Systems and
Markets of Agroforestry Practices
2.Community Based Forest
M...
Research Implementation
Strategy
1. Research approach
2. Dissemination strategy of
research results

3. Capacity building
...
Research themes
Research Theme 1:

• Strengthening market access
and bargaining power of farmers;
• Increasing productivit...
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Session 1.1 the future of agroforestry research in indonesia

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Session 1.1 the future of agroforestry research in indonesia

  1. 1. Agroforestry Research in Indonesia: Where to go for the next two decades By: Dede Rohadi and Tuti Herawati World Agroforestry Congress New Delhi, 10 February 2014
  2. 2. Background  Agroforestry has long been practiced in Indonesia  Agroforestry is yet to be an important mainstream component within forestry development policy in Indonesia  Strong commitments among DG of FORDA and DG of ICRAF to develop agroforestry research in Indonesia  Appointments of authors to set up the National Strategy for Agroforestry Research (NSAR)
  3. 3. Process of setting up the NSAR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Initial draft (Dec 2011) Internal Review (Jan 2012) Field visits (January-February 2012) Expert Meeting (Feb 2012) Workshop and public hearing (July 2012) 6. Final Review (December 2012) 7. Soft launching (Jan 2013) 8. Book Launching (Aug 2013)
  4. 4. Vision and Missions Vision: Agroforestry is widely adopted by communities as an integrated land use system that can bridge the efforts in enhancing the productivity of agricultural land and forests to meet the demand for food, shelter, energy and other environmental services as a buffer of life, which is based on the development of science and technology in accordance with local wisdom
  5. 5. Vision and Missions Missions: 1. To undertake research and development to contribute to achieve National Forestry Planning targets; 2. To develop partnerships and engagements between stakeholders in the development of agroforestry science and technology in Indonesia; 3. To mainstream agroforestry into forestry development practices and to promote the role of agroforestry as a bridging function between agriculture and forestry.
  6. 6. Challenges and Opportunities Underlying Priority Research Themes • Challenges 1. 2. 3. 4. Poverty Tenure conflicts Trade off conservation vs development Community Based Forest Management program 5. Anticipation of global climate change 6. Unsystematic research approach • Opportunities 1. Pool of knowledge 2. Policy supports on Community Based Forestry program 3. Potential partners
  7. 7. Priority Research Themes 1.Smallholder Production Systems and Markets of Agroforestry Practices 2.Community Based Forest Management on State Forest Areas 3.Harmonization of Agroforestry Practices with Global Climate Change 4.Enhancing Agroforestry Practices for Environmental Services
  8. 8. Research Implementation Strategy 1. Research approach 2. Dissemination strategy of research results 3. Capacity building 4. Research funding 5. Impact pathway
  9. 9. Research themes Research Theme 1: • Strengthening market access and bargaining power of farmers; • Increasing productivity and maintaining sustainable yields; • Improving policies and regulations in the marketing system. Research Theme 2: • Strengthening/clarifying community rights over forests, lands, and forest products; • Improving policies and regulations for the CommunityBased Forest Management program; • Increasing productivity and environmental services. Research Theme 3: • Increasing farmers’ capacities to cope with the risks of climate change; • Providing attractive incentive schemes for agroforestry activities; • Improve policies to support the mainstreaming of agroforestry Research Theme 4: • Developing business models of agroforestry; • Increasing productivity and maintaining sustainable yields; • Providing agroforestry technologies; • Strengthening local institutions Impact Strategies • Good research planning; • Development of partnerships in research implementation; • Development of action research and integrated research; • Application of sentinel sites in research implementation; • Appropriate strategies developed to disseminate research results; • Development of internal and external capacities; • Development of a flexible and accountable research funding system; • Development of alternative research funds. Outcomes Impacts • Farmers accustomed to more profitable collective marketing; • Application of best practices in agroforestry businesses; • Establishment of mutually beneficial partnerships between farmers and industries. • Efficient and effective conduct of agroforestry research activities, which contribute to achieving the targets stated in RKTN 2012-2030; • Well developed partnerships between various parties involved in agroforestry research; • Development practices of forestry and related sectors mainstreamed by agroforestry. • Resolution of conflicts between communities and the government on the use of forest areas; • Smooth implementation of the Community Based Forest Management program; • Management of forests in accordance with their functions • Farmers better prepared to tackle the consequences of climate change; • Investments by actors (farmers and industries) in agroforestry practices to increase carbon stocks; • Well developed agroforestry business models with positive impacts to increase carbon stocks. • Well developed agroforestry business models with good impacts on environmental services (for example, water and mangrove ecosystems; • Increase in vegetation cover in critical mountainous areas Wide adoption of agroforestry by communities in their land use systems with the capacity to bridge multiple objectives of forestry development
  10. 10. Thank You

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