Louis Verchot, Director of CIFOR’s Forests and Environment Program, outlines the history of CIFOR's work in India and the opportunities the country offers as an entry point into a new research programme for South Asia.
CIFOR in India and South AsiaPresented by Louis Verchot, Director, Forests & Environment Research16 April 2013
CIFOR in India CIFOR has worked off and on inIndia over the past 15 years 47 publications on India since1997 Forest management Plantations Tenure Livelihoods Carbon Degraded land rehabilitation Drivers of deforestation Governance and rights
CIFOR in IndiaWe have worked on questions of sustainable fuelwood provisionD. Pandey, 2002
Rehabilitation of degraded lands through re‐establishmentof forests•Carbon stocks•Water infiltration•Fodder value•Erosion control•Soil fertility
According to FAO – large number offorest dependent people in the regionNation Forest dependentpeoplePeople living onpublic forest landIndia 275 100Nepal 18 8.5Sri Lanka 2-4 ?
CIFOR in South Asia: Opportunity for Impact National Mission for a “Green India”: Goals include the afforestationof 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forestcover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem: The planaims to conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and other ecologicalvalues in the Himalayan region, which will be impacted by climatechange.
CIFOR in South Asia: Opportunity for Impact National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change: To gaina better understanding of climate science, impacts and challenges,the plan envisions a new Climate Science Research Fund, improvedclimate modeling, and increased international collaboration. It alsoencourages private sector initiatives to develop adaptation andmitigation technologies through venture capital funds.
Western Ghats Biodiversity ‘hotspot’ – home to many plant and animal speciesunique to India Broad range of eco-system services flowing to communities Water supply to approx. 245 million people in India, dependent onrivers originating in W. Ghats to sustain their livelihoods Influence on Indian monsoon weather pattern
Himalayas Himalayan forest ecosystems range across eight countries includingIndia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan Its river systems (Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra) are the source ofdrinking water, irrigation and hydroelectric power for over 1.5 billionpeople Research opportunity: forest degradation across the Himalayas andimpact on communities
A generalized NRM research to impact theory of change We work with partners to identify knowledge gaps that require the support ofan international research effort• Assess the baseline situation – knowledge, actors, interests, coalitions• Determine what needs to change and the obstacles to change• Determine how research can help support change We work with partners to set priorities for knowledge generation• Determine the desired state of society to which the research will ultimately contribute• Determine indicators of progress toward impact (outcomes)• Determine the research products that are needed to produce the outcomes• Plan activities with partners to produce the outputs We implement research with partners and produce knowledge products• Conduct field and lab work and collect data• Analyze data and generate research reports to the scientific community that isvalidated by the peer review process• Produce research products for actors and stakeholders outside the scientificcommunity We disseminate knowledge through different forums to facilitate informeddecision making. More informed decisions or improved practices will lead tobenefits for affected people.
A specific theory of change fromCIFOR work on REDD+If we are successful in providing appropriate knowledgeinformation, analysis and tools to policy makers andpractitioners, the implementation of REDD+ will produce:• Real GHG emission reductions (effective)• Cost-effective programs (efficient)• Distribution of costs and benefits (equitable)• Co-benefits- Poverty reduction- Biodiversity and ecosystem integrity- Enhancement of non-carbon ecosystem services- Improvements of local livelihoods- Rights and tenure
India: Livelihoods and Governance Joint forest management model Transfer of power to communities Forest Rights Act 2006
India: KnowledgesharingCollaborative partnerships: Expertise of Indian scientists Abundance of existing institutionsin India working on sustainableforestry management fordevelopment