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Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
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Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology

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  • 1. Organizational Safety and Security Management Boğaziçi University Department of Tourism Administration Course: TRM 474 _Organizational Safety and Security Management Instructor: Zeynep Türkmen Sanduvaç,MA. Office: B 327 Office hours: Tuesday 13.00-14.00 or by appointment E-Mail: zturkmen@boun.edu.tr zeynepturkmen@zeynepturkmen.com 1
  • 2. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology/Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency, disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 2
  • 3. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Photographer: Ben & Nastassia South America_Ecuador 3
  • 4. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.tuv.com 4
  • 5. SAFETYSafety is the state from the eventof being "safe" the or fromcondition of being exposure toprotected something that causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Safety includes protection of people and possessions against non-desirable events. 5
  • 6. Warning signs, can improvesafety awareness. 6
  • 7. SECURITYSecurity is thedegree of protection against danger, loss, and criminals causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Security has to be compared and contrasted with other related concepts: - safety - continuity - reliability 7
  • 8. Reliability of security 8
  • 9. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Poisonous Fish                                      9
  • 10. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 10
  • 11. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.corbis.com 11
  • 12. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.health.vic.gov.au 12
  • 13. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Image:  © DADANG TRI/Reuters/Corbis 13
  • 14. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology / Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency/ disaster, hazard risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 16
  • 17. Learning objectives• To identify key elements of most commonly used definitions: - disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability.• To explain the difference among: - disaster preparedness, disaster prevention disaster mitigation.- risk management, cris management 17
  • 18. Blind mens describ an elephant 18
  • 19. THE BLIND MEN AND THE ELEPHANTJohn Godfrey Saxes ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legend. 19
  • 20. TERMINOLOGY: Emergency - Disaster • Affects people • Usually triggered by a hazard • Directly related to vulnerability • Exceeds capacity of household, community or group of people to cope 20
  • 21. http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 21
  • 22. RİSK YÖNETİMİ Tahmin ve Erken Hazırlık Uyarı Risk Azaltma AFET KORUMA İYİLEŞME EtkiDeğerlen-Yeniden Yapılanma dirmesi İyileşme MüdahaleKRİZ YÖNETİMİ http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 22
  • 23. Most commonly used definitions• Hazard• Risk• Vulnerability• Capacity 23
  • 24. What is a hazard?• A hazard is a physical or human-made event that can potentially trigger a disaster.•  Examples include earthquakes, mud-slides, floods, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, drought, economic collapse, and war.OR•  Bombing, terrorist attack, food poisoning,epidemics• These physical events need not necessarily result in disaster. 24
  • 25. HAZARD/TEHLIKE 25
  • 26. What is risk?• The probability/likelihood of the non-desirable event happening.•  Risk is related to the expected losses which can be caused by a risky event and to the probability of                                                                 . this event • Risk analysis involves determining the probability of the disaster happening. 26
  • 27. RISK 27
  • 28. The ingredients?H x V - C = R or Risk = Hazard x Vulnerabilty Capacity 28
  • 29. What is vulnerability?• Human vulnerability is: - the degree to which people are susceptible to loss, damage, suffering and death, in the event of a disaster. • This is a function of: - physical, economic, social, political, technical, ideological, cultural, educational, ecological and institutional conditions.• Vulnerability relates to: - an individual or community capacity to cope with specific threats. 29
  • 30. What is capacity?• Capacity is the resources of individuals, households and communities to cope with a threat or resist the impact of a hazard. 30
  • 31. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.200931
  • 32. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.2009 Hazard Vulnerability Capacity Risk32
  • 33. Hazard x Vulnerability - Capacity = Risk Hazard Potential threat to humans x and their welfare Vulnerability Exposure and susceptibility - to loss of life or dignity Capacity Available and potential = resources Risk Probability of disaster occurrence *Emergency *Disaster Realization of a risk 33
  • 34. Mitigation: How can risk be reduced?Hazard reduction Vulnerability reduction• Constructing flood • Seismic resistant protection construction• Improving drainage • Micro-seismic studies to predict vulnerable areas• Reinforcing hill-sides • Relocating from river• Eliminating the principal banks site of an infection. • Improving health and nutrition • Vaccination. 34
  • 35. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 35
  • 36. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 36
  • 37. Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness Emergency/ Emergency/ Emergency/ Disaster Disaster Disaster Prevention mitigation preparedness Activities Measures Ability to designed taken in predict, to provide advance of a respond to permanent disaster aimed and cope with protection at reducing its the effect of a from disasters. impact on disaster. society and the environment. 37
  • 38. BEFORE ENDING 38

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