Organizational Safety and Security Management                 Boğaziçi University         Department of Tourism Administra...
CONTENTWeek # 1   Introduction           What is Safety and Security Management?           Why this course: Who Needs it a...
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                             Photographer: Ben & Nastassia                             South Ame...
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                             www.tuv.com                                           4
SAFETYSafety is the state        from the eventof being "safe" the        or fromcondition of being         exposure topro...
Warning signs, can improvesafety awareness.            6
SECURITYSecurity is thedegree of protection       against danger,                           loss, and                     ...
Reliability of security                          8
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?              Poisonous Fish                                                         	          ...
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                             10
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                www.corbis.com                                 11
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?               www.health.vic.gov.au                                       12
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                      Image:  © DADANG TRI/Reuters/Corbis                                       ...
IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ?                             14
15
CONTENTWeek # 1   Introduction           What is Safety and Security Management?            Why this course: Who Needs it ...
Learning objectives• To identify key elements of most commonly used definitions: - disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vu...
Blind mens describ an elephant                                 18
THE BLIND MEN AND THE ELEPHANTJohn Godfrey Saxes ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legend. 19
TERMINOLOGY: Emergency - Disaster  • Affects people  • Usually triggered by a hazard  • Directly related to vulnerability ...
http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr                            21
RİSK YÖNETİMİ                                  Tahmin ve Erken                Hazırlık          Uyarı Risk Azaltma        ...
Most commonly used definitions• Hazard• Risk• Vulnerability• Capacity                                 23
What is a hazard?• A hazard is a physical or human-made event  that can potentially trigger a disaster.•  Examples include...
HAZARD/TEHLIKE                 25
What is risk?• The probability/likelihood of the non-desirable  event happening.•  Risk is related to the expected losses ...
RISK       27
The ingredients?H      x     V     -     C         =   R                   or    Risk = Hazard x Vulnerabilty             ...
What is vulnerability?• Human vulnerability is:   - the degree to which people are susceptible to loss,     damage, suffer...
What is capacity?• Capacity is the resources of individuals, households and communities to cope with a threat or resist th...
Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.200931
Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.2009                              ...
Hazard x Vulnerability - Capacity = Risk   Hazard            Potential threat to humans     x               and their welf...
Mitigation: How can risk be reduced?Hazard reduction              Vulnerability reduction• Constructing flood          • S...
What are the differences?• Disaster   preparedness• Disaster   mitigation• Disaster   prevention                          ...
What are the differences?• Disaster   preparedness• Disaster   mitigation• Disaster   prevention                          ...
Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness  Emergency/        Emergency/        Emergency/  Disaster          Disaster       ...
BEFORE ENDING                38
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Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology

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Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology

  1. 1. Organizational Safety and Security Management Boğaziçi University Department of Tourism Administration Course: TRM 474 _Organizational Safety and Security Management Instructor: Zeynep Türkmen Sanduvaç,MA. Office: B 327 Office hours: Tuesday 13.00-14.00 or by appointment E-Mail: zturkmen@boun.edu.tr zeynepturkmen@zeynepturkmen.com 1
  2. 2. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology/Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency, disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 2
  3. 3. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Photographer: Ben & Nastassia South America_Ecuador 3
  4. 4. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.tuv.com 4
  5. 5. SAFETYSafety is the state from the eventof being "safe" the or fromcondition of being exposure toprotected something that causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Safety includes protection of people and possessions against non-desirable events. 5
  6. 6. Warning signs, can improvesafety awareness. 6
  7. 7. SECURITYSecurity is thedegree of protection against danger, loss, and criminals causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Security has to be compared and contrasted with other related concepts: - safety - continuity - reliability 7
  8. 8. Reliability of security 8
  9. 9. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Poisonous Fish                                      9
  10. 10. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 10
  11. 11. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.corbis.com 11
  12. 12. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.health.vic.gov.au 12
  13. 13. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Image:  © DADANG TRI/Reuters/Corbis 13
  14. 14. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology / Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency/ disaster, hazard risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 16
  17. 17. Learning objectives• To identify key elements of most commonly used definitions: - disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability.• To explain the difference among: - disaster preparedness, disaster prevention disaster mitigation.- risk management, cris management 17
  18. 18. Blind mens describ an elephant 18
  19. 19. THE BLIND MEN AND THE ELEPHANTJohn Godfrey Saxes ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legend. 19
  20. 20. TERMINOLOGY: Emergency - Disaster • Affects people • Usually triggered by a hazard • Directly related to vulnerability • Exceeds capacity of household, community or group of people to cope 20
  21. 21. http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 21
  22. 22. RİSK YÖNETİMİ Tahmin ve Erken Hazırlık Uyarı Risk Azaltma AFET KORUMA İYİLEŞME EtkiDeğerlen-Yeniden Yapılanma dirmesi İyileşme MüdahaleKRİZ YÖNETİMİ http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 22
  23. 23. Most commonly used definitions• Hazard• Risk• Vulnerability• Capacity 23
  24. 24. What is a hazard?• A hazard is a physical or human-made event that can potentially trigger a disaster.•  Examples include earthquakes, mud-slides, floods, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, drought, economic collapse, and war.OR•  Bombing, terrorist attack, food poisoning,epidemics• These physical events need not necessarily result in disaster. 24
  25. 25. HAZARD/TEHLIKE 25
  26. 26. What is risk?• The probability/likelihood of the non-desirable event happening.•  Risk is related to the expected losses which can be caused by a risky event and to the probability of                                                                 . this event • Risk analysis involves determining the probability of the disaster happening. 26
  27. 27. RISK 27
  28. 28. The ingredients?H x V - C = R or Risk = Hazard x Vulnerabilty Capacity 28
  29. 29. What is vulnerability?• Human vulnerability is: - the degree to which people are susceptible to loss, damage, suffering and death, in the event of a disaster. • This is a function of: - physical, economic, social, political, technical, ideological, cultural, educational, ecological and institutional conditions.• Vulnerability relates to: - an individual or community capacity to cope with specific threats. 29
  30. 30. What is capacity?• Capacity is the resources of individuals, households and communities to cope with a threat or resist the impact of a hazard. 30
  31. 31. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.200931
  32. 32. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.2009 Hazard Vulnerability Capacity Risk32
  33. 33. Hazard x Vulnerability - Capacity = Risk Hazard Potential threat to humans x and their welfare Vulnerability Exposure and susceptibility - to loss of life or dignity Capacity Available and potential = resources Risk Probability of disaster occurrence *Emergency *Disaster Realization of a risk 33
  34. 34. Mitigation: How can risk be reduced?Hazard reduction Vulnerability reduction• Constructing flood • Seismic resistant protection construction• Improving drainage • Micro-seismic studies to predict vulnerable areas• Reinforcing hill-sides • Relocating from river• Eliminating the principal banks site of an infection. • Improving health and nutrition • Vaccination. 34
  35. 35. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 35
  36. 36. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 36
  37. 37. Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness Emergency/ Emergency/ Emergency/ Disaster Disaster Disaster Prevention mitigation preparedness Activities Measures Ability to designed taken in predict, to provide advance of a respond to permanent disaster aimed and cope with protection at reducing its the effect of a from disasters. impact on disaster. society and the environment. 37
  38. 38. BEFORE ENDING 38

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