Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Disaster Risk Reduction Terminology

368
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
368
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Organizational Safety and Security Management Boğaziçi University Department of Tourism Administration Course: TRM 474 _Organizational Safety and Security Management Instructor: Zeynep Türkmen Sanduvaç,MA. Office: B 327 Office hours: Tuesday 13.00-14.00 or by appointment E-Mail: zturkmen@boun.edu.tr zeynepturkmen@zeynepturkmen.com 1
  • 2. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology/Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency, disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 2
  • 3. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Photographer: Ben & Nastassia South America_Ecuador 3
  • 4. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.tuv.com 4
  • 5. SAFETYSafety is the state from the eventof being "safe" the or fromcondition of being exposure toprotected something that causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Safety includes protection of people and possessions against non-desirable events. 5
  • 6. Warning signs, can improvesafety awareness. 6
  • 7. SECURITYSecurity is thedegree of protection against danger, loss, and criminals causes h ealth or econo mical losses. Security has to be compared and contrasted with other related concepts: - safety - continuity - reliability 7
  • 8. Reliability of security 8
  • 9. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Poisonous Fish                                      9
  • 10. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 10
  • 11. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.corbis.com 11
  • 12. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? www.health.vic.gov.au 12
  • 13. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? Image:  © DADANG TRI/Reuters/Corbis 13
  • 14. IS IT SECURITY OR SAFETY ? 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. CONTENTWeek # 1 Introduction What is Safety and Security Management? Why this course: Who Needs it and WhyWeek # 2 Introduction (Continued) Terminology / Most Commonly Used Definitions; emergency/ disaster, hazard risk, capacity and vulnerability. Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response 16
  • 17. Learning objectives• To identify key elements of most commonly used definitions: - disaster, hazard, risk, capacity and vulnerability.• To explain the difference among: - disaster preparedness, disaster prevention disaster mitigation.- risk management, cris management 17
  • 18. Blind mens describ an elephant 18
  • 19. THE BLIND MEN AND THE ELEPHANTJohn Godfrey Saxes ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legend. 19
  • 20. TERMINOLOGY: Emergency - Disaster • Affects people • Usually triggered by a hazard • Directly related to vulnerability • Exceeds capacity of household, community or group of people to cope 20
  • 21. http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 21
  • 22. RİSK YÖNETİMİ Tahmin ve Erken Hazırlık Uyarı Risk Azaltma AFET KORUMA İYİLEŞME EtkiDeğerlen-Yeniden Yapılanma dirmesi İyileşme MüdahaleKRİZ YÖNETİMİ http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr 22
  • 23. Most commonly used definitions• Hazard• Risk• Vulnerability• Capacity 23
  • 24. What is a hazard?• A hazard is a physical or human-made event that can potentially trigger a disaster.•  Examples include earthquakes, mud-slides, floods, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, drought, economic collapse, and war.OR•  Bombing, terrorist attack, food poisoning,epidemics• These physical events need not necessarily result in disaster. 24
  • 25. HAZARD/TEHLIKE 25
  • 26. What is risk?• The probability/likelihood of the non-desirable event happening.•  Risk is related to the expected losses which can be caused by a risky event and to the probability of                                                                 . this event • Risk analysis involves determining the probability of the disaster happening. 26
  • 27. RISK 27
  • 28. The ingredients?H x V - C = R or Risk = Hazard x Vulnerabilty Capacity 28
  • 29. What is vulnerability?• Human vulnerability is: - the degree to which people are susceptible to loss, damage, suffering and death, in the event of a disaster. • This is a function of: - physical, economic, social, political, technical, ideological, cultural, educational, ecological and institutional conditions.• Vulnerability relates to: - an individual or community capacity to cope with specific threats. 29
  • 30. What is capacity?• Capacity is the resources of individuals, households and communities to cope with a threat or resist the impact of a hazard. 30
  • 31. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.200931
  • 32. Courtesy of Zeynep Turkmen Sanduvacİllustratiuon: Arzu OzlerTemel Afet Bilgisi El Kiabı.2009 Hazard Vulnerability Capacity Risk32
  • 33. Hazard x Vulnerability - Capacity = Risk Hazard Potential threat to humans x and their welfare Vulnerability Exposure and susceptibility - to loss of life or dignity Capacity Available and potential = resources Risk Probability of disaster occurrence *Emergency *Disaster Realization of a risk 33
  • 34. Mitigation: How can risk be reduced?Hazard reduction Vulnerability reduction• Constructing flood • Seismic resistant protection construction• Improving drainage • Micro-seismic studies to predict vulnerable areas• Reinforcing hill-sides • Relocating from river• Eliminating the principal banks site of an infection. • Improving health and nutrition • Vaccination. 34
  • 35. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 35
  • 36. What are the differences?• Disaster preparedness• Disaster mitigation• Disaster prevention 36
  • 37. Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness Emergency/ Emergency/ Emergency/ Disaster Disaster Disaster Prevention mitigation preparedness Activities Measures Ability to designed taken in predict, to provide advance of a respond to permanent disaster aimed and cope with protection at reducing its the effect of a from disasters. impact on disaster. society and the environment. 37
  • 38. BEFORE ENDING 38