Zeynep Turkmen
Social Worker, MA
zeynepturkmen@zeynepturkmen.com
zturkmen@ipkb.gov.tr
CIVIL INVOLMENT IN THE REHABILITATIO...
*1999 Kocaeli Eeartquake (E.Q)
* The expected E.Q thread for Istanbul :
JICA Report /E.Q Scenarios
* Preparedness for E.Q
...
1900-2004
E.Q ACTIVITIES
THE RESULTS OF 1999THE RESULTS OF 1999
KOCAELIKOCAELI EARTHQUAKEEARTHQUAKE
• Location: NAF/ Adapazarı, Kocaeli, Gölcük
• M...
KOCAELIKOCAELI EARTHQUAKESEARTHQUAKES 19991999
1999 Kocaeli E.Q’s are mile stones for
the concept of disaster awareness in...
1999 Marmara Earthquakes hit Turkey’s industrial heartland
We live, therefore, in a different side than we did before 1999...
http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr
*The expected E.Q thread for Istanbul :
JICA Report /E.Q Scenarios
1509
1766
1894
20??
The Next İstanbul Earthquake
Influence of the 17 August 1999 Izmit Earthquake on
Seismic Hazards in Istanbul
Tom Parsons, Ross S. Stein, and James H. D...
Micro-zonation work including
geological and geophysical
investigations completed with the
assistance of Japanese JICA
org...
The scope of Earthquake Master Plan for Istanbul
comprised of works to be done in the following areas
1. Assessment of cur...
EARTHQUAKE SCENARIOS
Model B
Model C Model D
JICA Report. Dec. 2002
Model A
BÜYÜKÇEKMECE
AVCILAR
BAHÇELİEVLER
ADALAR
BAKIRKÖY
EMİNÖNÜ
FATİH
GÜNGÖREN
BAYRAMPAŞA
ZEYTİNBURNU
PRIORITY of DISTRICTS
COLLAPSECOLLAPSE // HEAVY DAMAGEHEAVY DAMAGE BUILDINGSBUILDINGS
JICA Report Dec. 2002
70,000 death70,000 deathss (0.8%)(0.8%)
5,000 totally collapsed buildings5,000 totally collapsed buildings
60,000 heavily ...
THE POST-1999 PERIOD
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION
PRACTICES IN TURKEY
International
Organizations
Non-governmental...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
- Central and local...
a) Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (Decree No. 587,
December 27, 1999): “Natural Disasters Insurance
Council” (DASK -- Tur...
e) Regulation for Implementation of Construction Supervision
(May 26, 2000)
f) General Conditions for Mandatory Financial ...
i) Regulation for Establishment, Responsibilities, Operational
Principles and Fundamentals of Civil Defense Search and
Res...
8.8. fivefive--year development plan (2001year development plan (2001--2005):2005):
State Planning Organization have creat...
Mutual Aid Protocols:Mutual Aid Protocols:
* MOI published a general notice on September 10, 1999
declaring that the provi...
Turkey Emergency Management General Directorate::
It has initiated Disaster Management Trainings
cooperation with the Bour...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
- Central and local...
PUBLIC AWARENESS AND
NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS
Civil Defense Corps (SSG)
Civil Defense Corps - Community Disaster Volunteers (SSG-TAG)
Neighborhood Disaster Volunteers (...
ABCD BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS
Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute,
Disaster Prepare...
Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials
Models of Basic ConceptsModels of Basic Concepts
COMMUNITY DISASTER VOLUNTEERS
Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute,
Disaster Prepare...
Training of PublicTraining of Public
TAG Community Disaster VolunteersTAG Community Disaster Volunteers
STRUCTURAL AWARENESS FOR SEISMIC SAFETY
Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute,
Disast...
Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials
Models of Basic ConceptsModels of Basic Concepts
NON-STRUCTURAL MITIGATION
Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute,
Disaster Preparednes...
Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials
NonNon--Structural MitigationStructural Mitigation
Tools ...
Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials
NonNon--Structural Mitigation PioneersStructural Mitigati...
Training of TrainersTraining of Trainers
Youth Leaders Work in 6 NeighborhoodsYouth Leaders Work in 6 Neighborhoods
Training of TrainersTraining of Trainers
Youth Leaders IllustrateYouth Leaders Illustrate
NonNon--Structural Hazards & Mit...
Training ofTraining of TraineTrainersrs
NonNon--Structural Mitigation Youth LeadersStructural Mitigation Youth Leaders
Non...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
- Central and local...
T.C. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS IN TURKISH SCHOOLS
PROJECT SUMMARY
JANUARY 2004 – DEC 2005
BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS
IN TURKISH SCHOOLS
PROJECT TITLE:
T.C. Ministry of Education Basic Disaster
Awareness in Turkish ...
MAIN GOAL
To create a sustainable infrastructure
for the Ministry of Education in Turkey,
to implement Basic Disaster Awar...
100 Leader
Basic Disaster Awareness Instructors
5.000.000 Students 250.000 Teachers
100.000 Parents
25.000 Basic Disaster ...
OBJECTIVES / OUTPUTS
1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT
2. MASTER INSTRUCTOR TRAINING
3. CASCADING IMPLEMENTATION
4. INFO...
1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT
for children and adults
ii)To create BDA distance learning materials for self-study
by...
1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT
for children and adults
vi. BDA workbook for ages 7-11
vii. BDA workbook for ages 12-1...
BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS
IN TURKISH SCHOOLS
The BDA training materials were inserted to
to T.C Ministry of Education curri...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
- Central and local...
Earthquake Code :Earthquake Code : ““Specifications forSpecifications for
Buildings to be Constructed in SeismicBuildings ...
STRUCTURAL ASPECTSTRUCTURAL ASPECT
In March 2007 a version of Seismic Code has been
published. A new section has been adde...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planning aspect
- Central and loca...
URBAN PLANNING ASPECTURBAN PLANNING ASPECT
After 1999 Marmara Earthquake,
* new developments occurred in urban planning ac...
URBAN PLANNING ASPECTURBAN PLANNING ASPECT
In that, legislative and institutional restructuring for building code
enforcem...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
-Governor sides
- U...
ISTANBUL SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION ANDISTANBUL SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION AND
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROJECTEMERGENCY PREPAREDN...
ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT
Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency
Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity
(73,36)(73,36...
PROJE BİLEŞENLERİNİN DAĞILIMI
$73,30
19%
$7,54
2%
$310,90
79%
Enhancing Emergency
Preparedness Capacity
(Component A)
Seis...
ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT
Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency
Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity
(73,36)(73,36...
PUBLIC AWARENESS AND
NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS
CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS ON DISASTER
PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
A Consultant had been appointed for the Neighborhood Volun...
Blind men describe the elephant
Lack of a common understanding of disaster volunteers:
Concept and role of disaster volunt...
Inadequate legal provisions and institutional support:
Volunteers are defined as individuals not teams.
Their place in the...
Lack of a monitoring and evaluation systems:
Lack of fund raising capacity
Limited participation and knowledge sharing:
• lack of knowledge about the initiative
• lack of awareness about their own risks
• lack of willingness to acknowledge th...
Toplum Üyeleri
Volunteers
Mukhtar/
Headman
Risk reduction/ culture of
safety life
initiatives,
participation,
application
...
DISASTER COORDINATION CHART of
DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTER OF
ISTANBUL GOVERNORSHIP
command
cooperation
Garrison Commander
...
ASSESSMENT OF THE
VOLUNTEER SYSTEM IN
DISASTER RESPONSE
Aim of the study: to
assess the existing disaster
volunteer progra...
The next step is; the suggested “disaster
volunteers road map/model” is discussed with the
related institutions at a “sear...
ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT
Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency
Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity
(73,36)(73,36...
A study on the ”social aspects of retrofitting” has
been initiated in order to reduce the problems
arising from the retrof...
PROVINCE MoE MEETING
PARTICIPANTS:
Province MoE Deputy Man. + 8
District MoE Man.+ 25
Principles +ISMEP
( Tech.Dep Dir.+So...
SOCIAL ASPECTS OFSOCIAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURALSTRUCTURAL RETROFITTINGRETROFITTING
The information obtained was evaluatedThe...
ISMEP PROJESİNDE İHALESİNE ÇIKILAN (1. İHALE İLANI)
OKULLARLA İLGİLİ GÖRÜŞME TAKVİMİ*/**
NO TARIH SAAT İLÇE OKUL ADI
1 16 ...
Meetings w/ each single 25
School
Distr. MoE Man+ Principles +
President Family Union + ISMEP
Soc. Scientist
Ofical letter...
ISMEP MAIN MESSAGES
•ISMEP is interested in just
‘structural retrofitting’
•The consultant firm /mid Nov.
•The consultant ...
Testing the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
Testing the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
Testing of the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR DESIGNING OF
PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND
MATERIALS FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS”
• The EoI was pub...
•Individual/Family Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module
•Disaster Preparedness Training P...
PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND MATERIALS FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
• Instructor resources; instructor manual, PP Presentati...
- Law aspect
- Social aspect
- Educational aspect
- Structural/ building aspect
- Urban planing aspect
- Central and local...
Boğaziçi’ University (BU):
BU has established a Centre for Disaster Management (CENDIM) in January 2001.
http://www.cendim...
‘Istanbul’ Technical University (ITU):
The Centre of Excellence for Disaster Management has been established in 2001.
http...
Middle East Technical University:
The Disaster Management Research and Implementation Center (DMC)
were created in Novembe...
HAZARD OPPORTUNITY
CRISE
1855 ANSEI-EDO EARTHQUAKE
AFTER 1855 ANSEI-EDO EARTHQUAKE
RELATED LINKRELATED LINKSS
www.ibb.gov.trwww.ibb.gov.tr Master Plan_JICAMaster Plan_JICA
www.ipkb.gov.trwww.ipkb.gov.tr IS...
THANK YOUTHANK YOU
Civil involment on 1999 kocaeli earthquake
Civil involment on 1999 kocaeli earthquake
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Civil involment on 1999 kocaeli earthquake

  1. 1. Zeynep Turkmen Social Worker, MA zeynepturkmen@zeynepturkmen.com zturkmen@ipkb.gov.tr CIVIL INVOLMENT IN THE REHABILITATION OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM FOLLOWING 1999 KOCAELİ EARTHQUAKE, TURKEY
  2. 2. *1999 Kocaeli Eeartquake (E.Q) * The expected E.Q thread for Istanbul : JICA Report /E.Q Scenarios * Preparedness for E.Q - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural aspect - Urban planning aspect - Central and local governor sides - Universities
  3. 3. 1900-2004 E.Q ACTIVITIES
  4. 4. THE RESULTS OF 1999THE RESULTS OF 1999 KOCAELIKOCAELI EARTHQUAKEEARTHQUAKE • Location: NAF/ Adapazarı, Kocaeli, Gölcük • Ms =7.4 • Date: On August 17, 1999 • Time: at 03:02 am local time • Duration: 45 seconds • Dead: 13.349 • Injured: 27.162 • Damaged buildings: ~ 120,000 / Beyond on repaired: ~ 50.000 • Direct economic impact: ~ US$5 billion ~ 2.5 percent of GNP.
  5. 5. KOCAELIKOCAELI EARTHQUAKESEARTHQUAKES 19991999 1999 Kocaeli E.Q’s are mile stones for the concept of disaster awareness in Turkey
  6. 6. 1999 Marmara Earthquakes hit Turkey’s industrial heartland We live, therefore, in a different side than we did before 1999. Pre-disaster measures such as mitigation and preparedness, therefore, came onto the agenda of the government and country together with the 1999 Marmara earthquakes. Turkey has experienced frequent natural disasters. Earthquakes, landslides, floods, rock falls, snow avalanches, etc,.
  7. 7. http://birimweb.icisleri.gov.tr
  8. 8. *The expected E.Q thread for Istanbul : JICA Report /E.Q Scenarios
  9. 9. 1509 1766 1894 20?? The Next İstanbul Earthquake
  10. 10. Influence of the 17 August 1999 Izmit Earthquake on Seismic Hazards in Istanbul Tom Parsons, Ross S. Stein, and James H. Dieterich U.S. Geological Survey, MS 977, 345 Middlefield Road Menlo Park, CA, USA Aykut Barka Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey Shinji Toda Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan The Report /2000 http://quake.usgs.gov A 62 ?15% probability (one standard deviation) of strong shaking during the next 30 years and 32?12% during the next decade
  11. 11. Micro-zonation work including geological and geophysical investigations completed with the assistance of Japanese JICA organization in 2002. Master Plan Report in 2003. METROPOLITAN MUNІCІPALІTY OF ISTANBUL PLANNІNG AND CONSTRUCTION DІRECTORІAT GEOTECHNICAL AND EARTHQUAKE INVESTІGATІON DEPARTMENT EARTHQUAKE MASTER PLAN FOR ISTANBUL Prepared By BOĞAZİÇİ UNІVERSІTY ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNІVERSІTY MIDDLE EAST TECHNІCAL UNІVERSІTY YILDIZ TECHNІCAL UNІVERSІTY 7 JULY 2003 MASTER PLANMASTER PLAN www.ibb.gov.tr http://www.koeri.boun.edu.tr/depremmuh/IBB.IDMP.ENG.pdf
  12. 12. The scope of Earthquake Master Plan for Istanbul comprised of works to be done in the following areas 1. Assessment of current situation 2. Seismic assessment and rehabilitation of existing buildings 3. Urban planning issues 4. Legal issues 5. Financial issues 6. Educational issues 7. Social issues 8. Risk and disaster management issues
  13. 13. EARTHQUAKE SCENARIOS Model B Model C Model D JICA Report. Dec. 2002 Model A
  14. 14. BÜYÜKÇEKMECE AVCILAR BAHÇELİEVLER ADALAR BAKIRKÖY EMİNÖNÜ FATİH GÜNGÖREN BAYRAMPAŞA ZEYTİNBURNU PRIORITY of DISTRICTS
  15. 15. COLLAPSECOLLAPSE // HEAVY DAMAGEHEAVY DAMAGE BUILDINGSBUILDINGS JICA Report Dec. 2002
  16. 16. 70,000 death70,000 deathss (0.8%)(0.8%) 5,000 totally collapsed buildings5,000 totally collapsed buildings 60,000 heavily damaged buildings60,000 heavily damaged buildings 120,000 severely injured120,000 severely injured 2,000,000 temporarily homeless2,000,000 temporarily homeless 1600 damage points on water supply s1600 damage points on water supply syystemstem 13 damage points on natural gas lines and13 damage points on natural gas lines and 29,000 damaged service boxes29,000 damaged service boxes Probability of falling of 20 bridgesProbability of falling of 20 bridges 6060 ±± 20 billion US$20 billion US$ financialfinancial lossloss DAMAGE ESTIMATIONS OF THEDAMAGE ESTIMATIONS OF THE MICROZONING PROJECTMICROZONING PROJECT ((FOR A M=7.5 ~20 KM FAR EARTHQUAKEFOR A M=7.5 ~20 KM FAR EARTHQUAKE))
  17. 17. THE POST-1999 PERIOD DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION PRACTICES IN TURKEY International Organizations Non-governmental Organizations Governmental Organizations Neigbourhood Volunteers IndividualVolunteers Hidden heros from all sectors Bussiness Community Universities From top From bottom ?????? others
  18. 18. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect - Central and local governor sides Preparedness for Disasters
  19. 19. a) Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (Decree No. 587, December 27, 1999): “Natural Disasters Insurance Council” (DASK -- Turkish acronym) b) Building Construction Supervision (Decree No 595, April 10 2000) c) Strengthening of Existing Search and Rescue Capacity of General Directorate of Civil Defense (Decree No. 586 in December 1999 and Decree No. 596 in April 2000) d) Regulation for Buildings to be constructed in Disaster Areas (1999) continue... LAW ASPECT: T.C Grand National Assembly / severel decrees were promulgated
  20. 20. e) Regulation for Implementation of Construction Supervision (May 26, 2000) f) General Conditions for Mandatory Financial Liability Insurance for Construction Supervision Firms (July 10, 2000) g) Regulation Concerning Amendments in the Standardized Development Regulation for Municipalities Not Subject to Law No. 3030 (July 13, 2000) h) Decree With Power of Law Establishing Turkey Emergency Management General Directorate under the Prime Ministry No. 600, June 14, 2000 continue... LAW ASPECT: T.C Grand National Assembly / severel decrees were promulgated
  21. 21. i) Regulation for Establishment, Responsibilities, Operational Principles and Fundamentals of Civil Defense Search and Rescue Unions and Teams j) Testing Laboratory Requirements for Decree No. 595 (July 30, 2000) k) Revision of the Law on Engineering and Architecture No. 3458 and Law on the Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects No. 6235 (Decree No. 601, June 28, 2000) LAW ASPECT: T.C Grand National Assembly / severel decrees were promulgated
  22. 22. 8.8. fivefive--year development plan (2001year development plan (2001--2005):2005): State Planning Organization have created a specialState Planning Organization have created a special commission, on Natural Disasters after the 1999commission, on Natural Disasters after the 1999 earthquakes for the preparations ofearthquakes for the preparations of 8.8. five yearfive year development plan, and made some concretedevelopment plan, and made some concrete recommendations considering four main aspects.recommendations considering four main aspects. These are:These are: Legislative issuesLegislative issues Staff and financial infrastructureStaff and financial infrastructure Training and technical infrastructureTraining and technical infrastructure Long term actions.Long term actions. LAW ASPECT: T.C Grand National Assembly / severel decrees were promulgated
  23. 23. Mutual Aid Protocols:Mutual Aid Protocols: * MOI published a general notice on September 10, 1999 declaring that the provinces of Turkey are separated into 4 groups. * Each province is responsible to help other provinces within the same group in case of a disaster on a scale of which is beyond the management capacity of the affected province. * Depending on the general notice, provinces in some regions signed mutual aid protocols with each other. LAW ASPECT: T.C Grand National Assembly / severel decrees were promulgated
  24. 24. Turkey Emergency Management General Directorate:: It has initiated Disaster Management Trainings cooperation with the Bournemouth University. EFFORTS FOR NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN Ministry of Interior (MOI) It has initiated Disaster Management seminars in cooperation with JICA of Japan as well as with Turkish universities.
  25. 25. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect - Central and local governor sides Preparedness for Disasters
  26. 26. PUBLIC AWARENESS AND NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS
  27. 27. Civil Defense Corps (SSG) Civil Defense Corps - Community Disaster Volunteers (SSG-TAG) Neighborhood Disaster Volunteers (SDC- MAG) Kadıköy Municipality Neighborhood Disaster Volunteers (Kadıköy MAG) Neighborhood Disaster Management Volunteers (MAY) İSTANBUL PRACTICES CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
  28. 28. ABCD BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute, Disaster Preparedness Education Project in Cooperation with Ministry of Education, and Community Volunteers (2001 - 2005) CONTENT INSTRUCTOR TOOLS AND RESOURCES METHODS RESULTS Earthquake Hazard Hunt / Family Disaster Plan 5.5 MILLION + DISTRIBUTED III.4 We’re Getting Ready Earthquake Hazard Hunt Family Disaster Plan III.5 Earthquake Drills III.6 Fire Prevention & Fire Safety IV. During and After an Earthquake? IV.1 During an Earthquake IV.2 After an Earthquake IV.3 Evacuation IV.4. Psychological Support V. Other Disastes V.1. Flood V.2 Land Slides V.3 Winter Storm V.4 Heat Weather V.5 Terrorism V.6 NBC V.I Next Steps V1.1 Skills for the First 72 Hours VI..2 Incident Command Systems SCHOOL-BASED TEACHER-PROVIDED INSTRUCTION (in Partnership with Ministry of Education, Provincial Directorates in Istanbul, Bursa, Çanakkale, Sakarya and Local Agenda 21, IULA-EMME & SDC) ISTANBUL: – Teachers from 80% of Istanbul schools receive 1-day training. – Teachers train tens of thousands of staff and hundreds of thousands of students, and reach out to millions of parents. – 1 year later, 70 volunteer, mentor-teachers candidates submit personal family plan, take 2-day additional training and pass written test. – Mentor teachers begin to train a new group of teachers from each school. – Ministry of Education in Istanbul tracks implementation of Basic Disaster AwarenessTraining in schools. COMMUNITY-BASED VOLUNTEER INSTRUCTION (Outreach to Non-Governmental and Community-Based Organizations) – Community-based volunteers take 4-hours ABCD seminar and then complete personal Family Plan – Participate in 1-day instructor training. Pass written and presentation skills test. – Provide training formally and informally, on a voluntary basis in the community. LOCAL LEADERS, MINIMALLY COMPENSATED (Ümraniye Women's Outreach Project with Caritas/Cordaid) – Ten local women leaders recruited with assistance of muhktars and ngos – Trainer-researchers receive 5 days of training, including field survey methods – Training delivered door-to-door to randomly selected households ABCD Instructor Bags 135 DISTRIBUTED ABCD Basic Disaster Awareness Info Cards 200,000+ DISTRIBUTED Non-Structural Mitigation Table-top Model 100 DISTRIBUTED ABCD Handbooks 28,500 DISTRIBUTED HOUSEHOLD ADJUSTMENT BEHAVIOR 6 weeks after training RISK AWARENESS KNOWLEDGE 6 weeks after training I. Disaster AwarenessI. Disaster Awareness I.1 Disaster ExperiencesI.1 Disaster Experiences I.2 Earthquakes in TurkeyI.2 Earthquakes in Turkey I.3 Geological time and quakescienceI.3 Geological time and quakescience I.4 Earthquakes are natural phenomenaI.4 Earthquakes are natural phenomena that happen all over the worldthat happen all over the world I.5 Earthquake MythsI.5 Earthquake Myths I.6 Tectonic Plate TheoryI.6 Tectonic Plate Theory II. Earthquake Hazards and RisksII. Earthquake Hazards and Risks II.1 Earthquake HazardsII.1 Earthquake Hazards II.2 Earthquake Risk FactorsII.2 Earthquake Risk Factors II.3 Earthquake Warning and EarlyII.3 Earthquake Warning and Early Response SystemsResponse Systems II.4 It's Too Late When it ShakesII.4 It's Too Late When it Shakes III. Before an EarthquakeIII. Before an Earthquake III.1 Dis PrepIII.1 Dis Prep –– Many Small StepsMany Small Steps III.2 Structural Hazards and Risk MitigationIII.2 Structural Hazards and Risk Mitigation III.3 NonIII.3 Non--Structural Hazards and Risk Mitig.Structural Hazards and Risk Mitig. 600+ Community- based Instructors trained in 9 provinces 10 Women reach: 2,000 households, 8,000 individuals in 3 months 2,000 teachers reach: 1,500,000 school-children 30,000 school personnel 3,000 school teachers trained in 4 provinces 70 Master Teachers in Istanbul Ministry Ed. 100 Community-based Instructors trained 30,000 people ABCD Flipcharts 50 DISTRIBUTED Instructor CD's, Public service Announcements, Cartoons ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR CHANGE In a special outreach program supported by Caritas &Cordaid, 2000 households in the Ümraniye District of Istanbul received ABCD basic disaster awareness training. Half were visited randomly in their homes.Half were invited through local instructors' social networks to small group seminars. 2,000 households completed pre-tests and 1,240 completed a post- test telephone survey six weeks later.Increases in Risk Awareness Knowledge and Household Adjustment Behavior (preparedness activities) was very significant in both cases.
  29. 29. Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials Models of Basic ConceptsModels of Basic Concepts
  30. 30. COMMUNITY DISASTER VOLUNTEERS Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute, Disaster Preparedness Education Project in Cooperation with General Directorate of Civil Defense and Community Volunteers 2001 - 2003 CONTENT INSTRUCTOR TOOLS AND RESOURCES METHODS RESULTS 4,000 PARTICIPANT WORKBOOKS DISTRIBUTED CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT & INITIAL INSTRUCTOR TRAINING Based on CERT Program localized at B.U. K.O.E.R.I to include building triage for rescuer safety and incident command systems for neighborhood response. Emphasis on organizational, communication, and coordination. Volunteers trained to mobilize convergent responders and to support professional response. Developed by Lt. Col. James Harkins, Senior CERT Trainer, Los Angeles Fire Department, Capt. Larry Collins, Los Angeles USAR Task Force, Marla Petal, Director AHEP. Initial instructor training in cooperation with AKUT. Curriculum development completed in partnership with General Directorate for Civil Defense, Civil Defense College and Search and Rescue Brigade. – Instructor training provided to 35 community-based trainers, and 70 Civil Defense instructors from 12 provinces. COMMUNITY-BASED INSTRUCTION Outreach to Businesses in cooperation with Istanbul Chamber of Industry, local municipalities and community-based organizations (Bursa, Çanakkale, Sakarya with Local Agenda 21, IULA-EMME & SDC) - 4,000 individuals in Marmara area received 2-day CDV training. 10 INSTRUCTOR BAGS IN USE 100 INSTRUCTOR CDs DISTRIBUTED SATISFACTION with training FIRST RESPONSE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT 15 Community-based trainers reach 3,000 volunteers 500 CDV HANDBOOKS DISTRIBUTED 20 INSTRUCTOR HANDBOOKS DISTRIBUTED ASSESSMENT OF FIRST RESPONSE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT Tests of knowledge of first response and safety skills were given before and after training. Growth in knowledge is significant. Attendees report tremendous satisfaction with training, in particular their confidence in being able to help those around them after a disaster. Several report already having used their skills to assist others in an emergency, and generalizing their knowledge of triage and incident command systems to other settings. Civil Defense Directorate has included triage instruction in their general training. PART 1 (1 hour) Purpose & Assumptions Overview of Basic Disaster Awareness & Preparedness PART 2 (4.5 hours) Life-Saving Skills Non-Medical Triage Public Hygiene Psychological First Aid PART 3 (3.5 hours) Light Search & Rescue Building Triage PART 4 (3 hours) Incident Command Systems Neighborhood Disaster Preparedness Training provided through more than 50 companies in 20 cities. Large group training, minimal expenses, no special facilities: To reach largest possible audience in highly populated urban settings. Knowledge of first response and safety skills increased from 31% to 65% using a 20-question test. More than 95% of participants have been satisfied or very satisfied with the training. About 50% of those who had received other trainings found new and useful material in CDV training. All CDV trainees are required to complete their own Family Disaster Plans. All are registered in a database for post- disaster research and program-evaluation purposes.
  31. 31. Training of PublicTraining of Public TAG Community Disaster VolunteersTAG Community Disaster Volunteers
  32. 32. STRUCTURAL AWARENESS FOR SEISMIC SAFETY Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute, Disaster Preparedness Education Project in cooperation with Lutheran World Relief and Amerikan Bord Heyati, And Community Volunteers 2002 - 2003 CONTENT INSTRUCTOR TOOLS AND RESOURCES METHODS RESULTS 3,000 PARTICIPANT HANDBOOKS DISTRIBUTED PUBLIC AWARENESS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Pioneering curriculum develope by team of engineerss, architects and public educators. Emphasis is on developing citizen awareness of structural safety in seismic regions, consumer consciousnes and demand for safe construction. – Instructor training provided to 20 community-based instructors and 10 teachers at construction industry high schools. COMMUNITY-BASED VOLUNTEER INSTRUCTION Community-based volunteers will train 3,000 citizens in pilot project. 30 Community-based volunteer are to train 3,000 in pilot project 30 INSTRUCTOR HANDBOOKS & FLIPCHARTS DISTRIBUTED PROGRAM EVALUATION Tests of knowledge are to be given before and after training. Trainee satisfaction will be measured. Knowledge and impact will be evaluated through selected telephone survey, several weeks after training has taken place. Trainers experience with different audiences will be documented and trainer focus groups will provide feedback on scope, sequence, and content of training material, adaptations needed for various audiences, and recommendations for second edition. TRAINER ROLE MODELS All SASS trainers are required to complete their own Family Disaster Plans, and will be able to continue to report the training that they provide, over the internet. I. BUILDING IN EARTHQUAKE REGIONS a. Identifying earthquake regions b. Buildings in Turkey through the ages c. Learning how to make buildings earthquake resistant II. SOIL a. Soil during earthquakes b. Soil maps III. STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS a. Foundations b. Earthquake forces and other building loads c. Load Path d. Moment frames e. Shear walls f. Braces g. Load bearing walls IV. OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS a. Infill walls b. Plan shape c. Neighboring buildings V. GOOD MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION a. The importance of materials and construction b. Reinforced concrete c. Timber and hımıs d. Masonry and adobe VI. MAINTENANCE a. Maintaining loads b. Keeping structural elements intact c. Protecting buildings from moisture d. Replacing damaged elements VII. PREPARING FOR EARTHQUAKES a. The design process b. Investigating the earthquake safety of existing buildings c. Earthquake insurance d. Preparing ourselves and our belongings 40 INSTRUCTOR CDs DISTRIBUTED
  33. 33. Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials Models of Basic ConceptsModels of Basic Concepts
  34. 34. NON-STRUCTURAL MITIGATION Bosphorus University, Kandilli Observatory & Earthquake Research Institute, Disaster Preparedness Education Project in cooperation with American Red Cross and Turkish Red Crescent Society (2002-2003) American Friends Service Committee (2000-2001) and Community Volunteers CONTENT INSTRUCTOR TOOLS AND RESOURCES METHODS RESULTS 30 FLIPCHARTS DISTRIBUTED PILOT WORK WITH YOUNG ADULTS – Initial project with youth leaders experimented with development of active and participatory instructional methods with young people. RESEARCH BASED RECOMMENDATIONS – Research on the causes of earthquake deaths and injuries shows that non- structural hazards contribute to up to 10% of deaths and have been the cause of up to half of injuries. – More than 300 tests were performed on a shake table to learn effective methods for fastening various furniture items to various wall types. VARIETY OF INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS DEVELOPED – Pilot implementation developed displays of non-structural fastening devices, and models. More sophisticated instructional materials were developed for public distribution: Instructor Handbook, CD presentation, and flipchart. Non-Structural table-top model and instructor toolbag provide hands-on materials to reinforce concepts. INSTRUCTOR-TRAINING FOR TURKISH RED CRESCENT SOCIETY, B.U.- KOERI-AHEP STAFF & VOLUNTEERS, and HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS – Instructor training provided to 30 Turkish Red Crescent Society instructors and 10 AHEP staff and volunteers. – Instructor training provided to 20 teachers at Professional and Trade High Schools in Istanbul. SEMINARS TO THE PUBLIC – Volunteers and staff will provide seminars to the public. 30 INSTRUCTOR CDs & HANDBOOKS DISTRIBUTED MODELS AT FAIRS YOUTH LEADERSHIP PROJECT in 6 NEIGHBORHOODS SHAKE TABLE RESEARCH 24 NSM TOOLBAGS & TABLE-TOP MODELS DISTRIBUTED ASSESSMENT OF FIRST RESPONSE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT Tests of knowledge skills were given before and after instructor training. Intern instructiors are required to complete their own Family Disaster Plans, and perform non- structural mitigation personally in their own homes and one other location, prior to earning certificate. I. NSM Principles II. Identification of Risk III. Before Mitigation 1. Estimate Weight 2. Choose Fastener Type and Number 3. Decide Where to Fasten 4. Choose Hardware for Attaching to Walls and Structural Elements 5. Decide How to Attach Fasteners to Furniture IV. Furniture V. Electronics and Countertop Appliances VI. White Appliances VII. Hanging Items VI. Cabinets VII. Decorative Objects VIII. Shelf Contents IX. Glass X. Exits XI. Tanks XII. Lighting XV. After NSM . . . 3,000 SMALL HANDBOOKS DISTRIBUTED 10 COMMUNITY-BASED VOLUNTEER INSTRUCTORS TRAINED 20 SCHOOL-BASED INSTRUCTORS TRAINED 30 TURKISH RED CRESCENT SOCIETY INSTRUCTORS TRAINED
  35. 35. Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials NonNon--Structural MitigationStructural Mitigation Tools and Techniques DisplayTools and Techniques Display
  36. 36. Educational & Campaign MaterialsEducational & Campaign Materials NonNon--Structural Mitigation PioneersStructural Mitigation Pioneers 56 YOUTH LEADERS TRAINED
  37. 37. Training of TrainersTraining of Trainers Youth Leaders Work in 6 NeighborhoodsYouth Leaders Work in 6 Neighborhoods
  38. 38. Training of TrainersTraining of Trainers Youth Leaders IllustrateYouth Leaders Illustrate NonNon--Structural Hazards & MitigationStructural Hazards & Mitigation
  39. 39. Training ofTraining of TraineTrainersrs NonNon--Structural Mitigation Youth LeadersStructural Mitigation Youth Leaders NonNon--Structural Mitigation Youth LeadersStructural Mitigation Youth Leaders received special recognition at a certificate ceremonyreceived special recognition at a certificate ceremony at the S.O.S Fair.at the S.O.S Fair. 56 Youth Leaders Certified
  40. 40. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect - Central and local governor sides Preparedness for Disasters
  41. 41. T.C. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS IN TURKISH SCHOOLS PROJECT SUMMARY JANUARY 2004 – DEC 2005
  42. 42. BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS IN TURKISH SCHOOLS PROJECT TITLE: T.C. Ministry of Education Basic Disaster Awareness in Turkish Schools COUNTRY/REGION: Turkey (first and second degree earthquake zones) TIME PERIOD: 24 Months (JANUARY 1, 2004 to DECEMBER 31ST, 2005)
  43. 43. MAIN GOAL To create a sustainable infrastructure for the Ministry of Education in Turkey, to implement Basic Disaster Awareness Training at schools throughout Turkey.
  44. 44. 100 Leader Basic Disaster Awareness Instructors 5.000.000 Students 250.000 Teachers 100.000 Parents 25.000 Basic Disaster Awareness Instructors TARGET GROUP 250 volunteer teachers from 50 provinces (They get BDA training from Internet)
  45. 45. OBJECTIVES / OUTPUTS 1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT 2. MASTER INSTRUCTOR TRAINING 3. CASCADING IMPLEMENTATION 4. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE 5. STRUCTURAL AWARENESS AND NON- STRUCTURAL MITIGATION ( Pilot in İstanbul.) meb.gov.tr iahep.org
  46. 46. 1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT for children and adults ii)To create BDA distance learning materials for self-study by school-based BDA instructor candidates. iii.ABCD 2004 Presentations(for instructors ABCD CD-Rom) i) BDA Handbook for all ages. continue... www.ahep.org
  47. 47. 1. CURRICULUM MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT for children and adults vi. BDA workbook for ages 7-11 vii. BDA workbook for ages 12-15 viii.Structural Awareness and Non Structural AwarenessTrainings( pilot in Istanbul) iv. BDA activity guide for primary teachers (Grades 1-5) v. BDA activity guide for primary teachers (Grades 6-8)
  48. 48. BASIC DISASTER AWARENESS IN TURKISH SCHOOLS The BDA training materials were inserted to to T.C Ministry of Education curriculium. * Primary and Middle School national curriculium (Instructor training / basic disaster awareness) * Industry Vocational High School (Instructor training for Structural Awareness and Non Structural AwarenessTrainings End of the program
  49. 49. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect - Central and local governor sides Preparedness for Disasters
  50. 50. Earthquake Code :Earthquake Code : ““Specifications forSpecifications for Buildings to be Constructed in SeismicBuildings to be Constructed in Seismic ZonesZones”” was published in Official Gazette onwas published in Official Gazette on 66thth March 2007.March 2007. This document covers the rules and theThis document covers the rules and the minimum requirements for the design,minimum requirements for the design, construction, assessment and retrofit ofconstruction, assessment and retrofit of buildings constructed in seismic zones.buildings constructed in seismic zones. STRUCTURAL ASPECTSTRUCTURAL ASPECT
  51. 51. STRUCTURAL ASPECTSTRUCTURAL ASPECT In March 2007 a version of Seismic Code has been published. A new section has been added as; “ Assesment of Exist Building and Retrofitting” Basic Steps of Seismic Assessment of an existing building can be summarized as; - Determination of existing material and soil properties - Building Analysis - Determination of performance in member level ( columns, beams) - Determination of overall building performance based on member performance - Determination of Retrofit Decision - Reassessment of the retrofitted building
  52. 52. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planning aspect - Central and local governor sides - Universities Preparedness for Disasters
  53. 53. URBAN PLANNING ASPECTURBAN PLANNING ASPECT After 1999 Marmara Earthquake, * new developments occurred in urban planning activities * regional policies based on the formation of disaster mitigation and preparedness measures * including legislation and training, public awareness, insurance, urban management strategies.
  54. 54. URBAN PLANNING ASPECTURBAN PLANNING ASPECT In that, legislative and institutional restructuring for building code enforcement have come into existence at different levels in relation to: * Building retrofitting and comprehensive urban regeneration activities in disaster prone areas * Public land management approach (especially for the health and education buildings to be relocated and to evacuated) * Disaster plan making, contingency planning and microzonation studies * Building Inspection (Law numbered 4708, implemented in 19 pilot provinces
  55. 55. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect -Governor sides - Universities Preparedness for Disasters
  56. 56. ISTANBUL SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION ANDISTANBUL SEISMIC RISK MITIGATION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROJECTEMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROJECT (ISMEP)(ISMEP) Country/Region : Turkey/Istanbul Project Duration : 5 Years Implementing Agency: Istanbul Special Provincial Adm. Project Coordination Unit (İPCU) Funding : World Bank Loan Amount : $ 400 million (Euro 310 million) www.ipkb.gov.tr / English
  57. 57. ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity (73,36)(73,36) Communication Systems Emergency Management Information System Upgrading the Emergency Response Capacity Enforcement ofEnforcement of Building Codes (7,54)Building Codes (7,54) Seismic Risk Mitigation forSeismic Risk Mitigation for Priority Public Buildings (310,9)Priority Public Buildings (310,9) $ 7,66 mil. Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of AYM Public Awareness and Neighborhood Com. Volunteers $ 32,84 mil. $ 14,64 mi. $ 9,77 mil. $ 8,45 mil. Retrofitting/Reconstruction of Priority Public Facilities Risk Assessment for Lifelines and Vital Infrastructure Risk Assessment of Cultural Heritage Buildings $ 2,45 mil. $ 305,62 mil. $ 2,83 mil. Public Awareness Development of Regulatory Framework Voluntary Accreditation and Training of Engineers $ 0,56 mil. $ 0,23 mil. $ 1,20 mil. Streamlining of Building Permits Issuance Procedures $ 5,55 mil.
  58. 58. PROJE BİLEŞENLERİNİN DAĞILIMI $73,30 19% $7,54 2% $310,90 79% Enhancing Emergency Preparedness Capacity (Component A) Seismic Risk Mitigation for Priority Public Buildings (Component B) Enforcement of Building Codes (Component C) BREAKDOWN OF PROJECT COMPONENTS
  59. 59. ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity (73,36)(73,36) Communication Systems Emergency Management Information System Upgrading the Emergency Response Capacity Enforcement ofEnforcement of Building Codes (7,54)Building Codes (7,54) Seismic Risk Mitigation forSeismic Risk Mitigation for Priority Public Buildings (310,9)Priority Public Buildings (310,9) $ 7,66 mil. Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of AYM Public Awareness and Neighborhood Com. Volunteers $ 32,84 mil. $ 14,64 mi. $ 9,77 mil. $ 8,45 mil. Retrofitting/Reconstruction of Priority Public Facilities Risk Assessment for Lifelines and Vital Infrastructure Risk Assessment of Cultural Heritage Buildings $ 2,45 mil. $ 305,62 mil. $ 2,83 mil. Public Awareness Development of Regulatory Framework Voluntary Accreditation and Training of Engineers $ 0,56 mil. $ 0,23 mil. $ 1,20 mil. Streamlining of Building Permits Issuance Procedures $ 5,55 mil.
  60. 60. PUBLIC AWARENESS AND NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS
  61. 61. CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE A Consultant had been appointed for the Neighborhood Volunteer System Assessment. Mission Period: May 30 – July 31, 2006 In terms of disaster preparedness, risk mitigation and response; • Current volunteer practices • Activities • Roles and participation in disaster management system • Organization structure • Neighborhood selection criteria • ‘Vulnerability and capacity measurement methods’ in Neighborhood • Suggestion of a model for sustainability www.ipkb.gov.tr
  62. 62. Blind men describe the elephant Lack of a common understanding of disaster volunteers: Concept and role of disaster volunteers are not clear. Education programs are different SUMMARY OF FINDINGS OF ASSESSMENT OF NEIGHBORHOOD VOLUNTEER SYSTEM
  63. 63. Inadequate legal provisions and institutional support: Volunteers are defined as individuals not teams. Their place in the disater management system is not clear. Legal provisions are inadequate.
  64. 64. Lack of a monitoring and evaluation systems:
  65. 65. Lack of fund raising capacity
  66. 66. Limited participation and knowledge sharing:
  67. 67. • lack of knowledge about the initiative • lack of awareness about their own risks • lack of willingness to acknowledge their risks • not believing that something can be done to reduce their vulnerabilities • not knowing his/her own responsibilities • not being aware of his/her capacity or the capacities of the community • confusion about the roles and responsibilities of different organizations (public/non profit/ private, who is doing what?) • lack of mutual trust between the authorities and the public Challanges in recruitting and Retaining volunteers
  68. 68. Toplum Üyeleri Volunteers Mukhtar/ Headman Risk reduction/ culture of safety life initiatives, participation, application Neigh. Vol. Groups community LocalLevel Kaymakamlık Municipality Fire Brigade NGO’sandConsultants ProvincalLevel Applications, organization, coordination, monitoring &evaluation, financial aid. Legal regulation, standarts, system development, coordination, monitoring &evaluation. Ist. Governorship P DMC ISMEP P CD S&R Unit District Civ. Def. Man. Citizens
  69. 69. DISASTER COORDINATION CHART of DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTER OF ISTANBUL GOVERNORSHIP command cooperation Garrison Commander Garrison Crises Centre Garrison Disaster Ope. Center Kaymakam DISTRICT CRISES CEN. District Disaster Operation Centre District emergency relief service groups Provincial Director Crises comm. units of government organizations Disaster comm. units of government organizations Istanbul Metr. Municipality Crises Communication Centre Disaster Operation Centre Emergency relief service groups Transportation Communications Search and rescue Health and First Aid Damage Ass. And Temporary Shelter Security Procurement and distribution Agriculture Utilities Disaster Volunteers Coordination Unit DDVC Governor/Deputy Governor PROV. CRISES CEN. Provin. Dis.Op. Centre (AYM)
  70. 70. ASSESSMENT OF THE VOLUNTEER SYSTEM IN DISASTER RESPONSE Aim of the study: to assess the existing disaster volunteer programs in Istanbul and provide recommendations for a sustainable community disaster volunteers model (conceptual, organizational and practical aspects).
  71. 71. The next step is; the suggested “disaster volunteers road map/model” is discussed with the related institutions at a “search conference’’. On May, 17th.2007 Pre meeting with Istanbul Governorship authorities was done.
  72. 72. ISMEP PROJECTISMEP PROJECT Enhancing EmergencyEnhancing Emergency Preparedness CapacityPreparedness Capacity (73,36)(73,36) Communication Systems Emergency Management Information System Upgrading the Emergency Response Capacity Enforcement ofEnforcement of Building Codes (7,54)Building Codes (7,54) Seismic Risk Mitigation forSeismic Risk Mitigation for Priority Public Buildings (310,9)Priority Public Buildings (310,9) $ 7,66 mil. Strengthening the Institutional Capacity of AYM Public Awareness and Neighborhood Com. Volunteers $ 32,84 mil. $ 14,64 mi. $ 9,77 mil. $ 8,45 mil. Retrofitting/Reconstruction of Priority Public Facilities Risk Assessment for Lifelines and Vital Infrastructure Risk Assessment of Cultural Heritage Buildings $ 2,45 mil. $ 305,62 mil. $ 2,83 mil. Public Awareness Development of Regulatory Framework Voluntary Accreditation and Training of Engineers $ 0,56 mil. $ 0,23 mil. $ 1,20 mil. Streamlining of Building Permits Issuance Procedures $ 5,55 mil.
  73. 73. A study on the ”social aspects of retrofitting” has been initiated in order to reduce the problems arising from the retrofitting works and to inform the beneficiaries on the retrofitting works. SOCIAL ASPECTS OFSOCIAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURALSTRUCTURAL RETROFITTINGRETROFITTING
  74. 74. PROVINCE MoE MEETING PARTICIPANTS: Province MoE Deputy Man. + 8 District MoE Man.+ 25 Principles +ISMEP ( Tech.Dep Dir.+Social Scn.) CONTEX/RESULT • ISMEP Retrofitting works • World Bank, tender process • Cosultant Firm /mid. Nov. • Single school/ inspected • Retrofitting/ Reconstruction • Evacuation plans of schools THE NEXT STEP • Announcement of discussion w/each single school Then...Then... Interwievs were made, within theInterwievs were made, within the context of the social aspects ofcontext of the social aspects of retrofitting study,retrofitting study, with the school directors, parentwith the school directors, parent unions of schools and the Provincialunions of schools and the Provincial Directorate of Education DistrictDirectorate of Education District Directors of schools included inDirectors of schools included in CB1.1CB1.1 tendertender package.package.
  75. 75. SOCIAL ASPECTS OFSOCIAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURALSTRUCTURAL RETROFITTINGRETROFITTING The information obtained was evaluatedThe information obtained was evaluated and an article on nonand an article on non--structural risk reductionstructural risk reduction and the school equipment protection was addedand the school equipment protection was added toto sub consultants contractcontract.. IPCU observes the information flow betweenIPCU observes the information flow between Provincial Directorate ofProvincial Directorate of Education District Directors and the target groups,Education District Directors and the target groups, determining probable problemsdetermining probable problems that may arise and also act as a facilitator when necessary.that may arise and also act as a facilitator when necessary. From top From bottom
  76. 76. ISMEP PROJESİNDE İHALESİNE ÇIKILAN (1. İHALE İLANI) OKULLARLA İLGİLİ GÖRÜŞME TAKVİMİ*/** NO TARIH SAAT İLÇE OKUL ADI 1 16 EKIM 14.00 Maltepe Hasan Şadoğlu Lisesi 2 Maltepe Orhangazi Lisesi 3 14.45 Beyoğlu Piripaşa İÖO 4 Beyoğlu Taksim İÖO 5 15.30 Kadiköy Hasan Leyli İÖO 6 Kadiköy Kaptan Hasanpaşa İÖO 7 Kadiköy Bostancı Atatürk İÖO 8 17EKIM 10.00 Kartal Emine Hasan Aytaşman İÖO 9 Kartal İhsan Bayrakçı İÖO 10 10.45 Kartal Şeyh Şamil İÖO 11 Kartal Nermin Ahmet Hasoğlu İÖO 12 11.30 Kartal Beyhan Şenyuva İÖO 13 Kartal İbni Sina İÖO 14 12.15 Beykoz Fevzi Çakmak Lisesi 15 18 EKIM 10.00 Ümraniye Osmangazi İÖO 16 Ümraniye Şehit Öğretmen Sevda Aydoğan İÖO 17 10.45 Ümraniye Şehit Öğretmen İzzet Yüksel İÖO 18 Ümraniye Şehit Öğretmen Yasemin Tekin İÖO 19 11.30 Ümraniye Arif Nihat Asya İÖO 20 Ümraniye Alemdağ İÖO 21 Ümraniye 60. Yıl Meyveli Bahçe İÖO 22 19 EKİM 10.30 Adalar H.Rahmi G.Ç.P.L(A, B, CBlok ve Sp) 23 Avcılar Mehmetçik İÖO 24 Avcılar Necdet Semker İÖO 25 Avcılar Abdülkadir Uztürk İÖO (A Blok) * Görüşme Yeri: Il MEM Brifing Salonu **Görüşmeye Katılacaklar - İlçe MEM Şb. Md. - Okul Müdürü - Okul Aile Birliği Bşk. ve Yrd.
  77. 77. Meetings w/ each single 25 School Distr. MoE Man+ Principles + President Family Union + ISMEP Soc. Scientist Ofical letter From ISMEP to Prov. MoE Gen.Dir. Average discussion duration/ single school 25 ‘ - 30 ‘
  78. 78. ISMEP MAIN MESSAGES •ISMEP is interested in just ‘structural retrofitting’ •The consultant firm /mid Nov. •The consultant firm will check the building of school over the existed project. •The current situation of the school evacuation plan COMMON CONCERNS/QUESTIONS FROM SCHOOL • Is structural retrofitting sure? ‘they have been waiting since 2004’ • Will the consultant firm come to our school TOO? ( or check over the project) • Protection of registred property ( PC lab.,chemist lab., desks, etc.) • Needed restrotion ? (wet areas, roof, utilities, etc. ) • What is the prosedure of demolishing? • ‘Structural Retrofitting is unrealible’ Why retrofitting instead of recontruction. • This work should be done in summer season. • Exist projects are unrealible.
  79. 79. Testing the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
  80. 80. Testing the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
  81. 81. Testing of the brochure w/ parents, teachers, students
  82. 82. CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR DESIGNING OF PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND MATERIALS FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS” • The EoI was published on August 24, 2006 in the Official Gazette and also in the development business and national press. • The expressions of interests were evaluated and the short list consisting of five firms was sent to the Bank for no- objection on October 31, 2006.
  83. 83. •Individual/Family Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module for Neighborhood Disaster Volunteers •Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module for disabled people •School Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Hospital Disaster Preparedness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Business Community Disaster Preparedness Manual and Instructor Module •Survival under Extraordinary Conditions Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Psychological First-Aid Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Structural Awareness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Non-Structural Risk Awareness Training Program (Manual) and Instructor Module •Preparation of Sample Materials regarding Structural Retrofitting of Buildings. •Preparation of Sample Materials regarding Awareness of Compulsory Earthquake Insurance.(DASK) PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND MATERIALS FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
  84. 84. PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND MATERIALS FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS • Instructor resources; instructor manual, PP Presentation CD, flip chart presentation, training forms) and sample materials of campaign (brochures, posters, info cards, billboard, poster, spot film, etc.) • Getting into contact and cooperation with The ..............................Ministry of Health, Provincial Directorate of Health and other related institutes to get their views and suggestions under IPCU coordination.
  85. 85. - Law aspect - Social aspect - Educational aspect - Structural/ building aspect - Urban planing aspect - Central and local governor sides - Universities Preparedness for Disasters
  86. 86. Boğaziçi’ University (BU): BU has established a Centre for Disaster Management (CENDIM) in January 2001. http://www.cendim.boun.edu.tr
  87. 87. ‘Istanbul’ Technical University (ITU): The Centre of Excellence for Disaster Management has been established in 2001. http://www.aym.itu.edu.tr/
  88. 88. Middle East Technical University: The Disaster Management Research and Implementation Center (DMC) were created in November 1997 http://www.dmc.metu.edu.tr
  89. 89. HAZARD OPPORTUNITY CRISE
  90. 90. 1855 ANSEI-EDO EARTHQUAKE
  91. 91. AFTER 1855 ANSEI-EDO EARTHQUAKE
  92. 92. RELATED LINKRELATED LINKSS www.ibb.gov.trwww.ibb.gov.tr Master Plan_JICAMaster Plan_JICA www.ipkb.gov.trwww.ipkb.gov.tr ISMEP ProjectISMEP Project www.ahep.orgwww.ahep.org TrainingsTrainings www.istanbul.gov.trwww.istanbul.gov.tr GovernorshipGovernorship
  93. 93. THANK YOUTHANK YOU

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