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Integrating student centered approaches in science teacher training in Cambodia
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Integrating student centered approaches in science teacher training in Cambodia



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  • What can we offer you in the next 15 minutes.
  • Province surrounding Phnom Penh, the capital of CambodiaTotal population:
  • 4 pictures:Khmer rouge picture “Tuol Sleng”AgricultureBusy PP
  • Lack of teachers: picture of large classCauses:High birth rate (after KR fell)Lack of qualified teachersLack of school buildings & materialsLow salariesLack of teaching material: picture illustrating rote learning, small A4 poster…Lack of access to teaching resources (language, financially, IT skills)
  • Short description of educational context: EFA, Programme is aligned with other organisations, with vision on education shared by Ministry of education
  • Working toward teacher training material on science education. With techniques, examples, activities, experiments…
  • Material development:Lesson plansExperiments with manualTeacher training manualsPostersMonitoring includesfollow-up activities after workshopRegular lesson observationsYearly tests with teachers and studentsMovie fragment: SCA workshopMovie: lesson fragment with SCA try-out?
  • In cooperation with ministry of education and other donors
  • BarriersLimited knowledge and confidenceCosmetic application of student centered approachesHigh teacher rotationLimited sustainabilityEvaluationHigh student-teacher ratio and pupil-class ration
  • In contrast with “one fits all” shotgun approachTry-out techniques and discuss with teachers how to adapt to local circumstancesSCA should serve lesson objectives. Sometimes techniques are applied without considering impact on reaching lesson objectives.
  • Printed versions of full paper available in hard and soft copyInterested in teacher training manual, posters, experiments


  • 1. Strengthening Student Centered Learning In Science Teaching In Cambodia
    Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010, Penang, Malaysia
  • 2. Contents
    Country context
    Education context
    Student centered approaches?
    Barriers encountered
    Lessons learned
  • 3. 1. Cambodia
    Kandal province
    Teacher training college, Kandal province
  • 4. 1. Cambodia
  • 5. 2. Context Education
  • 6. 2. Context Education
    Education For All (EFA) by 2015 (UNESCO)
    Child Friendly School Policy (UNICEF)
    Focus on increased enrollment
    Effective teaching and learning
    • Student centered approaches
    • 7. Skills
  • 3. student centered approaches
    Versus practice of “rote learning”
    Focus on:
    How things work?
    Conceptual science teaching
    Active reading
    Note taking
    Creative writing
    Formative assessment
    Collaborative learning
    Problem solving
  • 8. 3. student centered approaches
    Teacher satisfaction
    Student motivation
    Better learning
    Different learning styles
    Interest in science
  • 9. 4. Methodology
  • 10. 4. Methodology
    Training and monitoring at other training centers
    Testing and training at training center in Kandal
  • 11. 5. Barriers
    Lack of confidence
    Teaching material
    Lack of content knowledge
    High Absenteeism
    Curriculum & Textbook issues
    Teacher rotation
    Big classes
  • 12. 6. Lessons Learned
    Small groups & frequent feedback
    Time for localization of methodologies and materials
    E.g. adapt to lesson plan structure
    Focus on lesson objectives
    Monitor progress through peer-teaching and try-outs
    Focus on time aspect of SCA
    Quick-and-easy methodologies for fast results
    Involve both lecturers and teachers from practice schools
  • 13. 7. Further research
    Long term monitoring to measure impact on school level.
    In-depth analysis of barriers to student centered activities (experiments)
  • 14. 8. Contact
    Interested ?
    VVOB Cambodia