Lack of teachers: picture of large classCauses:High birth rate (after KR fell)Lack of qualified teachersLack of school buildings & materialsLow salariesLack of teaching material: picture illustrating rote learning, small A4 poster…Lack of access to teaching resources (language, financially, IT skills)
Short description of educational context: EFA, Programme is aligned with other organisations, with vision on education shared by Ministry of education
Working toward teacher training material on science education. With techniques, examples, activities, experiments…
Material development:Lesson plansExperiments with manualTeacher training manualsPostersMonitoring includesfollow-up activities after workshopRegular lesson observationsYearly tests with teachers and studentsMovie fragment: SCA workshopMovie: lesson fragment with SCA try-out?
In cooperation with ministry of education and other donors
BarriersLimited knowledge and confidenceCosmetic application of student centered approachesHigh teacher rotationLimited sustainabilityEvaluationHigh student-teacher ratio and pupil-class ration
In contrast with “one fits all” shotgun approachTry-out techniques and discuss with teachers how to adapt to local circumstancesSCA should serve lesson objectives. Sometimes techniques are applied without considering impact on reaching lesson objectives.
Printed versions of full paper available in hard and soft copyInterested in teacher training manual, posters, experiments
Strengthening Student Centered Learning In Science Teaching In Cambodia Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010, Penang, Malaysia
3. student centered approaches Versus practice of “rote learning” Focus on: How things work? Conceptual science teaching Skills Active reading Note taking Creative writing Reasoning Formative assessment Collaborative learning Problem solving
3. student centered approaches Why? Teacher satisfaction Student motivation Better learning Different learning styles Interest in science
4. Methodology Training and monitoring at other training centers Testing and training at training center in Kandal
5. Barriers Lack of confidence Teaching material Lack of content knowledge High Absenteeism Curriculum & Textbook issues Teacher rotation Big classes
6. Lessons Learned Small groups & frequent feedback Time for localization of methodologies and materials E.g. adapt to lesson plan structure Focus on lesson objectives Monitor progress through peer-teaching and try-outs Focus on time aspect of SCA Quick-and-easy methodologies for fast results Involve both lecturers and teachers from practice schools
7. Further research Long term monitoring to measure impact on school level. In-depth analysis of barriers to student centered activities (experiments)