Integrating student centered approaches in science teacher training in Cambodia


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  • What can we offer you in the next 15 minutes.
  • Province surrounding Phnom Penh, the capital of CambodiaTotal population:
  • 4 pictures:Khmer rouge picture “Tuol Sleng”AgricultureBusy PP
  • Lack of teachers: picture of large classCauses:High birth rate (after KR fell)Lack of qualified teachersLack of school buildings & materialsLow salariesLack of teaching material: picture illustrating rote learning, small A4 poster…Lack of access to teaching resources (language, financially, IT skills)
  • Short description of educational context: EFA, Programme is aligned with other organisations, with vision on education shared by Ministry of education
  • Working toward teacher training material on science education. With techniques, examples, activities, experiments…
  • Material development:Lesson plansExperiments with manualTeacher training manualsPostersMonitoring includesfollow-up activities after workshopRegular lesson observationsYearly tests with teachers and studentsMovie fragment: SCA workshopMovie: lesson fragment with SCA try-out?
  • In cooperation with ministry of education and other donors
  • BarriersLimited knowledge and confidenceCosmetic application of student centered approachesHigh teacher rotationLimited sustainabilityEvaluationHigh student-teacher ratio and pupil-class ration
  • In contrast with “one fits all” shotgun approachTry-out techniques and discuss with teachers how to adapt to local circumstancesSCA should serve lesson objectives. Sometimes techniques are applied without considering impact on reaching lesson objectives.
  • Printed versions of full paper available in hard and soft copyInterested in teacher training manual, posters, experiments
  • Integrating student centered approaches in science teacher training in Cambodia

    1. 1. Strengthening Student Centered Learning In Science Teaching In Cambodia<br />Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010, Penang, Malaysia<br />
    2. 2. Contents<br />Cambodia<br />Country context<br />Education context<br />Student centered approaches?<br />Methodology<br />Barriers encountered<br />Lessons learned<br />Contact<br />
    3. 3. 1. Cambodia<br />Kandal province<br />Teacher training college, Kandal province<br />
    4. 4. 1. Cambodia<br />
    5. 5. 2. Context Education<br />
    6. 6. 2. Context Education<br />Education For All (EFA) by 2015 (UNESCO)<br />Child Friendly School Policy (UNICEF)<br />Focus on increased enrollment<br />Effective teaching and learning<br /><ul><li>Student centered approaches
    7. 7. Skills</li></li></ul><li>3. student centered approaches<br />Versus practice of “rote learning”<br />Focus on:<br />How things work?<br />Conceptual science teaching<br />Skills<br />Active reading<br />Note taking<br />Creative writing<br />Reasoning<br />Formative assessment<br />Collaborative learning<br />Problem solving<br />
    8. 8. 3. student centered approaches<br />Why?<br />Teacher satisfaction <br />Student motivation<br />Better learning<br />Different learning styles<br />Interest in science<br />
    9. 9. 4. Methodology<br />
    10. 10. 4. Methodology<br />Training and monitoring at other training centers<br />Testing and training at training center in Kandal <br />
    11. 11. 5. Barriers<br />Lack of confidence<br />Teaching material<br />Lack of content knowledge<br />High Absenteeism<br />Curriculum & Textbook issues<br />Teacher rotation<br />Big classes<br />
    12. 12. 6. Lessons Learned<br />Small groups & frequent feedback<br />Time for localization of methodologies and materials<br />E.g. adapt to lesson plan structure<br />Focus on lesson objectives<br />Monitor progress through peer-teaching and try-outs<br />Focus on time aspect of SCA<br />Quick-and-easy methodologies for fast results<br />Involve both lecturers and teachers from practice schools<br />
    13. 13. 7. Further research <br />Long term monitoring to measure impact on school level.<br />In-depth analysis of barriers to student centered activities (experiments)<br />
    14. 14. 8. Contact<br />Interested ?<br />VVOB Cambodia<br /><br /><br />