Teaching methodology

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Teaching methodology

  1. 1. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
  2. 2. CONTENTS Teaching Teaching Method List of traditional and modern teaching methods Selection of appropriate teaching method
  3. 3. TEACHING Teaching is an art and science Teaching is a process of imparting knowledge and skills Systematic process based on some educational objectives To communicate the message of knowledge
  4. 4. TEACHING METHOD The way that a teacher adopts to transmit contents to students is called a teaching method The way in which teacher uses activities and learning objects for enhancement of learning according to objectives is called teaching method Combination of techniques and activities
  5. 5. LIST OF SOME TRADITIONAL AND MODERNTEACHING METHODSTraditional Teaching Methods Lecture Discussion BookishModern Teaching Methods Problem solving Fieldtrip Demonstration
  6. 6. SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE TEACHINGMETHODA number of things needed to be considered while selecting a teaching method Class level Nature of the subject Number of students Size of the classroom Resources available Time available
  7. 7. LECTURE METHOD
  8. 8. LECTURE
  9. 9. LECTURE METHOD A lecture is a oral presentation intend to present information or teach people about a particular subject A politicians speech, a minister’s sermon, or even a businessman’s sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture Lecture has significant role out side the classroom such as in churches, community centers,libraries,museums
  10. 10. PUBLIC LECTURES
  11. 11. LECTURE AS A TEACHING METHOD Lecture method is the oldest method Teacher role is very active in this method Students are generally passive Teacher is leader in this method Students just follow the instructions of teacher One way communication
  12. 12. LECTURE IN CLASSROOM
  13. 13. LECTURE COMPONENTS Silberman(1990) suggests five approaches to maximizing students’ understanding and retention during lectures. These can be used to help ensure the effective transfer of knowledge Use an opening key At the beginning of the lecture present major points
  14. 14. LECTURE COMPONENTS Present key terms Reduce the major points in the lecture to key points Offer examples When possible provide examples from real life Use analogies If possible make a comparison between the content of the lecture and knowledge the students already have
  15. 15. LECTURE COMPONENTS Use visual backups Use a variety of media to enable students to see as well as hear what is being said
  16. 16. A FORM OF A LECTURE
  17. 17. MERITS OF LECTURE METHODWhy Lecture Method is useful? This method is suitable for big classes This method is cheap one It is time saving method An oldest method yet it is a popular Teacher can present the content logically and with sequence Teacher can make a better use of this method they are trained traditionally
  18. 18. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHODFollowing are the demerits of lecture method Student role is passive Selected study Students do not make additional studies Students feel boredom due to the absence of activities Lecture method is not suitable to teach science and professional subjects It encourages rote memory
  19. 19. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Students can not concentrate on lecture for long time No interaction between teacher and student This method Discourage communication skills
  20. 20. SUGGESTIONSHow lecture can be effective for learning?The following tasks should be taken in to enhance the effectiveness of lecture method Teacher should prepare the lecture in advance Open the lecture with good introduction There must be sequence between in information, ideas and concepts Additional examples should be include when necessary
  21. 21. SUGGESTIONS During lecture key points should be written on writing board Audio-visual aids should be used when there is need There must be a question answer session Maintain eye contact with the students For large lecture halls, use a microphone if necessary
  22. 22. USE OF MICROPHONE
  23. 23. SUGGESTIONS Avoid the use of slang or repetitive Provide positive feedback when students ask questions Close the lecture with a brief but a powerful summary
  24. 24. QUESTION ANSWER SESSION
  25. 25. THANK YOU
  26. 26. WHAT IS DOING IN THIS PICTURE

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