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Introduction to Student Centred Approaches

A gentle introduction to student centered approaches for Cambodian science teacher trainers during the opening day of a 5-day workshop on student-centered learning.

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National workshop on Student Centered
Approaches for Science Education


Introduction to Student Centered Approaches




                             RTTC Kandal, January 2012
Content


What?

Why?

How?
What is a student-centered lesson?
Central position for students

Focus on students’ needs, abilities, interests
Changing teaching methodologies

Students are active, responsible participants in their learning.
Shared responsibility for learning

Students make choices in their education

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Introduction to Student Centred Approaches

  • 1. National workshop on Student Centered Approaches for Science Education Introduction to Student Centered Approaches RTTC Kandal, January 2012
  • 3. What is a student-centered lesson?
  • 4. Central position for students Focus on students’ needs, abilities, interests
  • 5. Changing teaching methodologies Students are active, responsible participants in their learning.
  • 6. Shared responsibility for learning Students make choices in their education
  • 7. Changing role of teacher Teacher functions as facilitator and coach
  • 8. Definition • Lea et al. (2003:322) characterizes student–centered learning as: 1. Reliance on active rather than passive learning, 2. Emphasis on deep learning and understanding, 3. Increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the student, 4. An increased sense of autonomy in the learner 5. Interdependence between teacher and learner, 6. Mutual respect within the learner teacher relationship, 7. A reflexive approach to the teaching and learning process on the part of both teacher and learner.’
  • 9. Why apply student-centered approaches? • Motivation • Skills and attitudes (Communication, Collaboration…) • Lifelong learning • Individual needs • Better learning outcomes (research)
  • 10. How to make lessons student-centered? • Make the student more active in acquiring knowledge and skills • Make the student more aware of what they are doing and why they are doing it. • Make students more interacting with each other • Develop students’ transferable skills.
  • 11. How to make lessons student-centered? Technique Student-centered character Flash cards Active reading & writing 3-2-1 sheets Self-Assessment Clozed worksheets Active reading Jigsaw technique Increased involvement Creative writing Increased autonomy Cornell Note Taking Transferable skills 2-minute papers Reflection Agreement Circles Peer learning Moral Continuum Student interests Donut technique Transferable skills Fishbowl Teacher as facilitator Concept Tests Deep learning Concept Cartoons Peer learning Educational Games Student involvement
  • 12. Criticism for SCA • It takes more time • Not suitable for large class sizes • Not enough learning materials • Students expect teacher-centered instruction
  • 13. Workshop programme • Active reading & writing skills • Reasoning skills • Conceptual thinking • Group work activities • Educational games • Low-cost experiments • Analogies & Models • Scientific Method • Use of science posters • Integrate life skills in science
  • 14. Want more? • Available on request – O’Neill, G. and McMahon, T. (2005) – Lea, S.J., Stephenson, D. and Troy, J. (2003)

Editor's Notes

  1. Students take central position in learning process, not teachers or school administrators.students are capable of achieving life-long learning goals, which can further enhance student motivation in the classroom. Relate to daily life increases motivation
  2. Problem Based Learning, through the use of problems/issues/triggers, encourages the students to developtheir own learning goals, thereby filling in the gaps in their knowledge or understanding (Boud and Feletti 1997). A growing practice in course design internationally is the writing of learning outcomes/objectives focusing on what the student will be able to do, rather than on the content being covered by the teacher (UCD Centre for Teaching and Learning 2005). This practice is an example of the move towardsstudent–centred learning in the curriculum and helps to shift the emphasis on the learner as opposed to a coverage model by the teacher.
  3. Strengthens student motivationPromotes peer communicationTeaching strategies to accommodate individual needsLittle research on effectiveness LCA in developing countries.
  4. Active participation in learning processTeacher give students opportunities to apply knowledge/skills/ attitudes through a variety of activities
  5. First check for barriers to introduce SCA with participants.Briefly discuss each criticism or (if no time) refer to workshop sessions.Explain that each criticism has its merit, and it’s important to keep them in mind.Student expectations: based on research.- Prosser and Trigwell (2002) highlight different belief systems between teachers and students. Students should also change their views on learning.