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Introduction to Student Centred Approaches


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A gentle introduction to student centered approaches for Cambodian science teacher trainers during the opening day of a 5-day workshop on student-centered learning.

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Introduction to Student Centred Approaches

  1. 1. National workshop on Student CenteredApproaches for Science EducationIntroduction to Student Centered Approaches RTTC Kandal, January 2012
  2. 2. ContentWhat?Why?How?
  3. 3. What is a student-centered lesson?
  4. 4. Central position for studentsFocus on students’ needs, abilities, interests
  5. 5. Changing teaching methodologiesStudents are active, responsible participants in their learning.
  6. 6. Shared responsibility for learningStudents make choices in their education
  7. 7. Changing role of teacherTeacher functions as facilitator and coach
  8. 8. Definition• Lea et al. (2003:322) characterizes student–centered learning as:1. Reliance on active rather than passive learning,2. Emphasis on deep learning and understanding,3. Increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the student,4. An increased sense of autonomy in the learner5. Interdependence between teacher and learner,6. Mutual respect within the learner teacher relationship,7. A reflexive approach to the teaching and learning process on the part of both teacher and learner.’
  9. 9. Why apply student-centered approaches?• Motivation• Skills and attitudes (Communication, Collaboration…)• Lifelong learning• Individual needs• Better learning outcomes (research)
  10. 10. How to make lessons student-centered?• Make the student more active in acquiring knowledge and skills• Make the student more aware of what they are doing and why they are doing it.• Make students more interacting with each other• Develop students’ transferable skills.
  11. 11. How to make lessons student-centered?Technique Student-centered characterFlash cards Active reading & writing3-2-1 sheets Self-AssessmentClozed worksheets Active readingJigsaw technique Increased involvementCreative writing Increased autonomyCornell Note Taking Transferable skills2-minute papers ReflectionAgreement Circles Peer learningMoral Continuum Student interestsDonut technique Transferable skillsFishbowl Teacher as facilitatorConcept Tests Deep learningConcept Cartoons Peer learningEducational Games Student involvement
  12. 12. Criticism for SCA• It takes more time• Not suitable for large class sizes• Not enough learning materials• Students expect teacher-centered instruction
  13. 13. Workshop programme• Active reading & writing skills• Reasoning skills• Conceptual thinking• Group work activities• Educational games• Low-cost experiments• Analogies & Models• Scientific Method• Use of science posters• Integrate life skills in science
  14. 14. Want more?• Available on request – O’Neill, G. and McMahon, T. (2005) – Lea, S.J., Stephenson, D. and Troy, J. (2003)