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by Rick Fair on Nov 02, 2010

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  1. 1. AMERICA AND WORLD Chapter 22WAR II (1941 – 1945)
  2. 2. GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICYUS continued to dominate Latin America politically and economicallyBeginning to rely less on direct military interventionFDR differs from his predecessors by substituting cooperation for coercion“US would be a good neighbor to Latin America” However, domination of this area would remain unchallenged The Monroe Doctrine still lived on in many ways
  3. 3. U.S. ISOLATIONISM Business-minded people in America did not want to give up profitable overseas markets like Germany and Japan just because Europe was hacked of f US refuses to recognize the Soviet Union and quarrels with England and France over repayment of loans they had received in World War I
  4. 4. U.S. ISOLATIONISM US was too afraid to get involved in another “meaningless war” after World War I Neutrality Acts typified the 1930s as the US was gripped with depression and scared to commit to its allies in Europe
  5. 5. WAR IN EUROPE Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939 For nearly two years, Britain stood virtually alone in fighting Germany Battle of Britain  First major campaign in World War II  Fought entirely by air forces  Britain prevailed against almost overwhelming odds  Germany’s loss was the significant and was one of the first turning points in the war FDR wanted to help Britain, but public support limited him
  6. 6. THE ROAD TO INTERVENTIONFDR runs for an unprecedented third term as he pushes the country to “keep someone with experience” in office if the US gets brought into the war (1940)Lend Lease Act (1941) US begins shipments of war material to Great Britain Also freezes Japanese assets
  7. 7. THE ROAD TO INTERVENTIONAtlantic Charter FDR signs on with his good friend, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill The blueprint for the world after WWII; sets the foundation for international treaties and organizations that would bring the world back to its feet economically
  8. 8. WAR BREAKS OUT IN EUROPEGermany invades Poland on 1 September 1939 German Blitzkrieg (Lightning War) appeared unstoppable It was definitely getting Britain’s attentionFor almost two years, Britain is alone in the fight against German aggressionFDR wants to help Britain, but public opinion in the US greatly limited him during this time period
  9. 9. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANJapan had long been interested in an Asian empire and occupied Korea and key parts of Manchuria before 1920When Japan sought to gain supremacy in China, the US protested with the “Open Door Policy”
  10. 10. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANOpen Door Policy Basically stated that the US and all European nations could trade with China, free to use their treaty ports Within the spheres of influence in China China’s power as a nation is declining during this period The theory had been that trade was a basic right of all nations, even though sovereign countries could counter with isolationist attitudes
  11. 11. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANOpen Door Policy Isolationism would essentially be unnatural for trade and communication; based in the arguments of John Locke Ironic as the US had no problem promoting isolationism during the Great Depression
  12. 12. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANJapan’s utter disregard of the Open Door policy Leads to the Washington Conference in 1922 The conference again declares the independence of China via the Open Door Policy; helped through the “Nine Power Treaty”  Yet the treaty lacked any enforcement regulations
  13. 13. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANJapan’s utter disregard of the Open Door policy Japan violated these agreements by seizing Manchuria, but the US did not respond After war breaks out in Europe, the US begins to realize where Japan stands…taking sides with the fascists US responds by limiting exports to Japan  Strategic materials such as oil
  14. 14. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANJapan’s utter disregard of the Open Door policy This did not restrain Japan, but make the country angry  So, they side with Germany and Italy  Push further into Indochina
  15. 15. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANThe US response – end all trade with Japan Sounds a lot like how we got into the War of 1812 Japan tries to negotiate with the US  Plan B was to attack if their demands were not granted
  16. 16. U.S. RELATIONS WITH JAPANThe US response – end all trade with Japan Japan wanted a large stake in China for restoration of normal trade patterns The US demanded that Japan withdraw its troops Negotiation fails and Japan attacks
  17. 17. PEARL HARBORDecember 7, 1941“FDR’s Date that Will Live in Infamy”This attack in the Pacific greatly changes Americans’ minds about neutralityeveryone’s angry and ready to go to war
  18. 18. PEARL HARBORFDR finally asks for a declaration of warThe US suffered significant early defeats after entering the war because the country was unprepared for a naval and air war halfway across the world
  19. 19. THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC The first few months of American involvement witnessed an unbroken string of military disasters The tide turned with the battles at Coral Sea and Midway  May and June 1942
  20. 20. D-DAY6 June 1944Allied invasion of Normandy, France (Operation Neptune)2 phases of Allied attack Air assault by the Americans, British, and French shortly after midnight Amphibious landing of Allied infantry and armored divisions on the coast of Normandy, France at 0630
  21. 21. D-DAYSignificance The absolute largest amphibious invasion of all time (175,000 troops) 195,700 Naval personnel involved overall Established the much needed second front in Western Europe  A majority of the fighting was fought initially in North Africa and Italy
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