Lesson 1 methods of research


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Lesson 1 methods of research

  1. 1. 1.Select a partner
  2. 2. Human Dynamics:Getting to know you 2. Bring out a paper and pen.
  3. 3. Human Dynamics:Getting to know you 3. Exchange important information with each other’s personal and professional background, your propose research topic or words that you would like to explore and why, be very specific. (You are only given 10 minutes to complete the task) and 3 minutes presentation.
  4. 4. Profile Maria Theresa Pilapil Pelones, DM,MS,MA Mariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.com , Pinoyalert.comEDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDDoctor in Management Major in Human Resource Management•Master of Arts in Educational Management•Master of Science in Teaching Mathematics•Master of Arts in Instructional Design and Technology (On-going)•Bachelor of Science in Mathematics•14-years teaching experience and ICT Coordinator•Master Teacher I•Division Project ALERT Coordinator•4 years as Human Resource Management Officer
  5. 5. Profile Maria Theresa Pilapil Pelones, DM,MS,MA Mariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.com , Pinoyalert.comORGANIZATION•Member of Microsoft IT Academy (Hongkong)•Member of Asia-Pacific Partners in Learning (Singapore)•Member Taking IT Global (Canada)•Society for Information Technology and Education “SITE”•President of ICT Coordinators Association of General Santos City Division•Regional Trainer for Career Pathways in Technology in Livelihood Education in ICT
  6. 6. Profile Maria Theresa Pilapil Pelones, DM,MS,MA Mariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.com , Pinoyalert.comAWARDS & ACCOMPLISHMENT•Top 1 National Awardee of the 5th Microsoft Innovative Teachers Leadership Award 2010•PILPOTENSYAL-Building the 21st Century School System National Awardee 2006• Smart Partner School “ Most Community Collaborative Award” 2009• Speaker during the 3rd National Basic ICT Education Congress•Speaker in ICT Classroom Integration in the Philippines 2007•Author of the published and presented book in the International Conference Society for Information and Technology in Education (SITE) 2007 in San Antonio Texas, USA•Author and Conceptualizer of Project ALERT (Advancing Learning using Electronic and Relevant Technologies), a web-based learning program- Regional Flagship Project of Region XII•Author of pinoyalert.com and gschs.com (website) and educatorssquare.ning.com•IT Coach Award “ SOCSARGEN IT CHALLENGE” 2004, 2006, 2007
  7. 7. Profile Maria Theresa Pilapil Pelones, DM,MS,MA Mariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.com , Pinoyalert.comVALUESIntegrity and pursuit of excellencePrinciples in LifeThe reputation of a thousand years may be determinedby the conduct of one hour.CONTACT:Cell No: 09219779382E-mail & YM: mariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.comBlogsite: www.educatorssquare.ning.comWebsite: www.pinoyalert.com
  8. 8. Intro to Statement Course Research of the Syllabus ProblemMaria Theresa P. Pelones,DM,MS,MAMariatheresa_pelones@yahoo.comwww.Pinoyalert.comwww.educatorssquare.ning.com09219779382
  9. 9. Course StatementSyllabus Intro to Research of the  Problem
  10. 10. COURSE • MAED 200 NUMBER COURSE • Methods of Research forDETAILSCOURSE DESCRIPTION Educational Research COURSE • 3 units CREDIT TIME • 18 meetings DURATION
  11. 11. The course aims to introduce theDESCRIPTION basic ideas, concepts and principles of research COURSE methodology, the problem, methods of research, preparation of research instruments designed to arrive at exact analysis and interpretation of data.
  12. 12. 1. Show understanding on underlying concepts, principles and basic methods of research 2. Demonstrate skills in utilizing research process.OBJECTIVES COURSE 3. Apply research process in constructing thesis proposal 4. Conduct Group Participatory Action Research and Rapid Rural Appraisal System. 5. Defend Thesis Proposal through slide presentation
  13. 13. Research Related Research Introduction of Problems & Literature and Methods & Research Objectives Studies DesignCONTENT Statistical Data Collection of Sampling COURSE Treatment Processing Data Design Data Analysis/ Summary/ Conclusion Presentation & Bibliography & Recommendations Interpretation Thesis Proposal Writing
  14. 14. Individual Reporting Group Presentations of develop or research activities Group Research ( PAR, RRAS, Action Research, Case Study)REQUIREMENTS COURSE Proposal Presentation with panel of examiners Sample Statistical Problems and Case Analysis Written Examination Writing reports of tryouts Portfolio Development of Thesis Proposal
  15. 15. • Oral presentation • Discussions • Researches ACTIVE ATTENDANCEREQUIREMENTS PARTICIPATION 5% 25% COURSE INDIVIDUAL EXAMINATION OUTPUT 50% 20% • Thesis Proposal • Prelim • Proposal • Midterm Presentation
  16. 16. Fraenkel, J. and Wallen, N. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education, 6th Edition, McGraw Hills Companies, Inc. New York, 2007REFERENCES Calmorin, L. and Calmorin,M..Research Methods and Thesis Writing2nd Edition, Rex Bookstore, Inc. Sampaloc, Metro Manila, 2007 COURSE Calmorin, Laurentina . Research and Statistics with Computer. National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila, 2010 Calderon, J. and Gonzales, E. Methods of Research and Thesis Writing.National Bookstore, Incorporated, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 1993
  17. 17. LESSON 1 Intro to Statement Course Research of theSyllabus  Problem
  18. 18. Research is a careful, critical, disciplined inquiry, varying in Research is a process of gathering techniques and methods according to data or information to solve a the nature and conditions of the particular or specific problem in a problem, directed towards scientific manner (Manuel and clarification or resolution of the Medel,1976 ) problem (Good,1972 )OF RESEARCH Research is an attempt to gainDEFINITION Research is a process of gathering solution to the problems, a collection data or information to solve a of data in a rigorously controlled particular or specific problem in a situation for the purpose of scientific manner (Manuel and prediction or explanation (Treece and Medel,1976 ) Treece, 1973) Research is an attempt to gain Research is a systematic study or solution to the problems, a collection investigation of something for the of data in a rigorously controlled purpose of answering questions posed situation for the purpose of by the researcher (Sanchez, 1980) prediction or explanation (Treece and Treece, 1973) Research is an ORGANIZED and SYSTEMATIC way of FINDING ANSWERS to QUESTIONS
  19. 19. Find answer to the Discover more facts To serve man and problems by existing about unknown provide a good life methods and phenomena information Improve existing techniques and Discover Discover pathways of develop new unrecognizedOF RESEARCHIMPORTANCE action instruments or substance products Order related, valid Provide basis for To satisfy researcher’s generalization into decision making curiosity systematized science To find answers to Acquire better and To expand and verify queries deeper understanding existing knowledge Improves efficiency, Improves exportations Respond to economic efficacy and quality of goods recovery & austerity
  20. 20. EMPERICAL Direct experience or observation LOGICAL Valid procedure and principlesCHARACTERISTICS Starts with problem & ends with CYCLICAL problem RESEARCH OF GOOD ANALYTICAL Utilizes proven analytical procedures CRITICAL Exhibits careful and precise judgment Uses systematic method and METHODICAL procedures Repeated to arrive at valid and REPLICABILITY conclusive results
  21. 21. R esearch oriented E fficient If the research S cientific possesses this qualities, EQUALITIES OF ffectiveRESEARCHER projects can GOOD A ctive be completed in short R esourceful period of time and respond C reative to socio economic H onest recovery of the country E conomical R eligious
  22. 22. CLASSIFICATION OF RESEARCHIlluminative Directive Predictive Research Research Research PURPOSE Applied Basic or Pure GOAL Research Research OFExperimental Descriptive Exploratory ATION LEVELS INVESTIG S Holistic Analytic ANALYSI TYPE OF Action SCOPE Research OF DEvelopmental Evaluation CHOICE ANSWER CAL Non-quantitative Quantitative STATISTI CONTENT TIMEExperimental Descriptive Historical ELEMENT
  23. 23. Defined as quantity A quality or characteristics susceptible of fluctuations that two or more mutually of change in value or exclusive values or properties ( magnitude under differentOF VARIABLES Sevilla et. All, 2002) DEFINITION conditions (Calmorin, 2007) VARIABLE
  24. 24. INDEPENDENT This is a stimulus variables which chosen by the This variable intrudes VARIABLE researcher to determine its or interferes with the IV relationship to an observe and DV but its effects phenomena can either reinforce or weaken the IV and DV.VARIABLES TYPES OF INTERVENING DEPENDENT VARIABLE VARIABLE TYPES OF VARIABLES This is a response variable which This variable controlled is observed and measured to by the researcher in determine the effect of the which the effects can independent variables. be neutralized by eliminating or removing the variable. This is secondary or special type of variable chosen by the researcher to determine CONTROL if it alters or modifies MODERATOR the relationships VARIABLE between the VARIABLE independent and dependent variables.
  25. 25. Mathematics Scores and Number of Hours Study in Mathematics as Perceived by Sophomore Secondary Students in Private Schools in Cebu City Age, gender, Number of socio- MathematicsEXAMPLES economic, Hours attitudes scores towards study Weight Increment of Grouper Cultured in Fish Cages using Pellets and Bread Meal as Supplemental Feeds. Salinity Pellets of Oxygen Weight Bread Meal Temperature, Increment ph
  27. 27. LESSON 2 Research Course Intro to ProblemSyllabus Research 
  28. 28. Problem is any (1) significant, perplexing and challenging situation, real or artificial, the A problem that someone solution of which requires would like to research. A reflective thinking (2) a problem that a person finds perplexing situation after it has unsatisfactory or unsettling, been translated into a question a difficulty of some sort, aRESEARCHPROBLEM or series of questions that help state of affairs that needs to determine the direction of be change. subsequent inquiry Dewey as cited by Good ( ). RESEARCH PROBLEM
  29. 29. ELEMENTS OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS WHEN? WHO?ELEMENT OF WHY? WHAT? WHERE? RESEARCH PROBLEM The period The place or time of Population Aim or or locale The subject the study or universe purpose of where the during the from whom the problem matter or research is topic to be data are to the data for to be be are to be investigation. investigated. conducted. gathered. collected.
  30. 30. The research problem or topic must be chosen by the researcher himself. It must be within the interest of the researcher.RESEARCH PROBLEM GUIDELINE IN THE SELECTION OF It must be within the specialization of the researcher. It must be within the competence of the researcher to tackle. It must be within the ability of the researcher to finance; otherwise he must be able to find funding for research. It is researcher and manageable that is,
  31. 31. The general statement of Each specific the problem and the It is customary to state questions must be specific sub-problems or specific sub-problems clear and questions should be (specific questions) in unequivocal (one formulated first before the interrogative form. meaning) conducting the research. Answers to each specific question Each question can be interpreted must be based apart from the upon known Each specific question is answers to other facts and researchable apart fromFORMULATING specific questions. phenomena. the other questions, which are answers to specific RESEARCH questions can be found PROBLEM even without considering the other questions. Answers to each specific question must Summing up the contribute to the answers to all development of the specific The number of specific whole research questions will questions should be problem or topic. give a complete enough to cover the development of development of the whole the entire study research problem or study. There should be a general statement of the problem and then should be broken up into as many sub-problems or specific questions as necessary