For about 150 years, the coloniespretty much governed themselves andremained loyal to England.What was the first legislatureestablished in the colonies? (Hint: itwas in Virginia.)The colonies in America providedeconomic benefits to England Raw materials Market for British goods
Britain tightens control French and Indian War: (France vs. Great Britain- fighting over land) Good News for Britain: they won the war and gained lots of land! Bad News for Britain: they also gained a lot of debt Bad News for the colonies: they were expected to help repay this debt….TAXES!
TAXES Stamp Act (1765) First direct tax on colonists Taxed documents, pamphlets, newspaper, dice, playing cardsBritain made a lot more moneyColonists were pissed!Stamp Act repealed
Great Britain was pissed because of theBoston Tea PartyParliament passed the Intolerable Acts aspunishment Closed Boston Harbor Massachusetts could no longer govern itselfColonists not happy
Answer the following questions on aseparate sheet of paper:1. What caused Britain to have so much debt?2. How did Britain plan to handle this debt?3. What did the colonists do to protest?4. How did Britain punish the colonies for actingout?
Colonists fight back Stamp Act Congress- delegates from 9 of the colonies Committees of Correspondence- over 80 in Massachusetts alone! First one started by Sam Adams
The First ContinentalCongress Meeting to decide what to do about the Intolerable Acts Every colony except Georgia was represented Embargo- prohibited trade with England; chose not to use British goods. Lexington and Concord- first violent clash, “shot heard round the world”
Second ContinentalCongress All 13 colonies represented Organized army and navy Made George Washington commander of army
Independence?? Thomas Paine Wrote Common Sense pamphlet Samuel Adams “Is not America already independent? Why not declare it?” Richard Henry Lee “these united colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states.”
The Declaration ofIndependence Written by Thomas Jefferson- he was the best writer of the group Final draft approved on July 4th, 1776 Jefferson borrowed heavily from whom??? (Hint: Social Contract Theory!)
3 parts of the Declaration Part 1- purpose and basic human rights “all men created equal” “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” Part 2- complaints against the king of England Part 3- statement of separation
5. What actions did the First ContinentalCongress decide to take against Britain?6. What major event that started theRevolutionary War happened in between the firstand second Continental Congress?7. What did Thomas Paine, Samuel Adams, andRichard Henry Lee all suggest?8. What were the 3 parts of the Declaration ofIndependence and what was each part’spurpose?