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Digital freedoms in education

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F. Questier, Digital freedoms in education, Software Freedom Kosova Conference, University of Pristina, 8th of September 2012

F. Questier, Digital freedoms in education, Software Freedom Kosova Conference, University of Pristina, 8th of September 2012

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  • price discrimination monopolies first exhaust possibilities in the rich countries
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    • 1. Digital freedoms in education Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Vrije Universiteit Brussel University of Pristina 8th of September 2012
    • 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.comhttp://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
    • 3. My background
    • 4. Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    • 5. 5
    • 6. 6
    • 7. Our social responsibility:how open is the future?
    • 8. Electronic books?➢ Would you buy or advise your students ➢ electronic versions of (educational) books ➢ if they were 30% cheaper than paper books ➢ maybe many books on a good reading device ~ paper? ➢➢ Be aware: often ➢ limited to 1 year ➢ no access in the higher years of study ➢ limited to buyer ➢ no second hand buying or sale ➢ no library ➢ no extensive printing
    • 9. Expensive and incompatible
    • 10. Text To Speech software on e-books➢ Blessing for the blind➢ Copyright violation according to Authors Guild (publishers)→ TTS disabled in Amazon Kindle 2 Remote kill flags discovered!
    • 11. DRM:Digital Rights Management orDigital Restrictions Management? ➢ Restricted ➢ export ➢ copying ➢ printing ➢ Text To Speech ➢ in time ➢ to buyer (no second hand market) ➢ biometric identification ➢ user info “inscribed” in the work (Microsoft Reader) ➢ access info sent back to publisher ➢ to certain hardware (e.g. Mac OS X - Apple hardware) ➢ to geographic regions
    • 12. Regional lockout(DVDs, Videogames, UMD, ...)
    • 13. DRM➢ is killing innovation➢ can prevent legal rights such as ➢ fair use private copying ➢ time shifting ➢ lending services (library) ➢ 2nd hand resale of works ➢ donation ➢ access for disabled ➢ archival ➢ public domain
    • 14. iPad schools???
    • 15. 1 computer per user?Esperenza Computer Classroom with software sponsored by Microsoft
    • 16. One (library catalog) computer per user?
    • 17. Free yourself from dogmas!
    • 18. K12LTSP Linux Terminal Server ProjectNetworked classroomsFat server runs the applicationsThin clients visualize the applications need no hard disk can be 15 years old PCs
    • 19. 356,800 virtualized desktops in Brazilian schools
    • 20. The possible effects Example: extremadura➢ poorly developed region → economic revival ➢ based on FLOSS (customized GNU/LinEx)➢ computer access for every student ➢ saved >18M € on initial 80,000 school computers ➢ total software cost: 1.08 Euro/PC/year➢ bigger project ➢ stimuli for companies, centres for citizens➢ economic revival -> European regional innovation award
    • 21. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipesyou use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 24
    • 22. 1980s: Stallman defined “Free Software”➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 25
    • 23. Wh atFL is OS inf S lueby use nci sch ng oo l s taf f?
    • 24. Methodology➢ Interviews➢ Model conceptualization➢ Pilot survey➢ Web based survey➢ Model validation
    • 25. Basis for conceptual model➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory➢ Innovation diffusion Model
    • 26. UTAUT model
    • 27. Our conceptual model
    • 28. Validated acceptance model for Free Software in (Flemish) schools
    • 29. Do you think it is desirableto use FLOSS in education?
    • 30. Which softwaredo you use at school?
    • 31. Which softwaredo you use at school?
    • 32. What is your motivationto use Free Software?
    • 33. What is holding back theadoption of FLOSS in your school?
    • 34. Conclusions of the study➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine➢ Lack of knowledge➢ Misconceptions➢ Perceived barriers 39
    • 35. Recommendations of the study➢ for schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share➢ for government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information 40
    • 36. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US studentsNumber one complaint about the technological schoolinfrastructure: 2005 “internet at school is too slow” 2010 “school filters and firewalls block websites that we need for our schoolwork”
    • 37. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students➢ Major obstacle to better technology use in schools? ➢ “The ban of personal devices”
    • 38. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US studentsIn terms of streamlining or increasing the effectiveness oftheir traditional school processes, high school students saythat they would use their mobile device at school to:➢ check grades (74 percent)➢ take notes in class (59 percent)➢ use the calendar (50 percent)➢ access online textbooks (44 percent)➢ send an email (44 percent)➢ learn about school activities (40 percent)
    • 39. 9y old Martha Payne bloggingpictures of school lunches got silenced.
    • 40. Copyright acknowledgements➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!)➢ http://www.userful.com/products/userful-multiseat-linux➢ http://www.backbonemag.com/files/Images/BB_2009_06/brazil2_fmt1.gif➢ http://www.desktoplinux.com/news/NS7546509093.html➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny- shirts/software-is-like-sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker➢ http://www.graphs.net/201208/byod-in-schools-and-companies.html➢ BYOD Cartoon a Day http://mgleeson.edublogs.org/files/2012/02/20120210-205344.jpg➢ School lunch picture Martha Payne http://neverseconds.blogspot.co.uk➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper
    • 41. DARETO SHARE 48
    • 42. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Thank you! Pyetje? Faleminderit! See also http://questier.com 49
    • 43. This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed

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