Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education
e-Society.Mk 2012 "Open Education for an open society – let’s share the knowledge!"Skopje, Macedonia, 14-15th of November 2012 Acceptance models for Free Softwareand other technologies in education Prof. dr. Frederik Questier @fquestie Vrije Universiteit Brussel
This presentation can be found at http://questier.comhttp://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
Our social responsibility:how open is the future?
1980s: Stallman defined “Free Software”➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ share ➢ improve the program 7
"The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipesyou use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 8
1998: “Open Source” sounds better as “Free Software”?
The software freedoms (study, improve) require access to the source codeSource code: if sales > 100000 bonus = 500 else bonus = 0 endifCompiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110 10101100110010101010010100101010101010 001110001101001110001101001110001101001 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 11
Wh at FL is OSS inf lueby use nci sc h ng oo l s taf f?
Context➢ Belgian education is organized by communities ➢ Flanders: Flemish community / ministry of education➢ Schools & teachers select software➢ Government supports ➢ ICT coordinators ➢ FLOSS guide book ➢ Few FLOSS trainings ➢ Microsoft contract
Research methodology➢ Interviews➢ Model conceptualization➢ Pilot survey➢ Web based survey➢ Model validation
Basis for conceptual model➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory➢ Innovation diffusion Model
What is holding back theadoption of FLOSS in your school?
Conclusions of the study➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine➢ Lack of knowledge➢ Misconceptions➢ (Perceived) barriers➢ Support needed! 25
Recommendations of the study➢ For (teacher education) schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share➢ For government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information ➢ Define a FLOSS policy 26
This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed@fquestie – http://questier.com
Copyright acknowledgements➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/➢ http://www.desktoplinux.com/news/NS7546509093.html➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny-shirts/software-is-like- sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy➢ Flanders in Belgium and the European Union, CC-by by Ssolbergj➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker➢ http://www.graphs.net/201208/byod-in-schools-and-companies.html➢ GNU Head Joseph W. Reiss Free Art License or the GNU GPLv2➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper