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e-Society.Mk 2012 "Open Education for an open
     society – let’s share the knowledge!"
Skopje, Macedonia, 14-15th of Nov...
This presentation can be found at
             http://questier.com
http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
My background
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
5
Our social responsibility:
how open is the future?
1980's: Stallman defined
             “Free Software”
➢   The freedom to
    ➢   use
    ➢   study
    ➢   share
    ➢   i...
"The most fundamental way
  of helping other people,
     is to teach people
   how to do things better
 or how to better ...
1998: “Open Source” sounds better
       as “Free Software”?
The software freedoms
                          (study, improve)
                 require access to the source code
Source...
Wh
     at
 FL     is
   OSS      inf
                lue
by      use         nci
   sc h                ng
       oo
    ...
Context
➢   Belgian education is organized by communities
    ➢   Flanders: Flemish community / ministry of education

➢  ...
Research methodology
➢   Interviews
➢   Model conceptualization
➢   Pilot survey
➢   Web based survey
➢   Model validation
Basis for conceptual model
➢   Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology
    ➢   Theory of Reasoned Action
    ➢ ...
UTAUT model
Our conceptual model
Validated acceptance model for Free
    Software in (Flemish) schools
Do you think it is desirable
to use FLOSS in education?
Which free software
do you use at school?
Which free/non-free software
  do you use at school?
What is your motivation
to use Free Software?
What is holding back the
adoption of FLOSS in your school?
Conclusions
                 of the study
➢   FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine
➢   Lack of knowledge
➢   Misconce...
Recommendations
                   of the study
➢   For (teacher education) schools
    ➢   Develop FLOSS vision, plan, ex...
DARE
TO SHARE




           27
Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective
...
This presentation was made
 with 100% Free Software
 No animals were harmed




@fquestie – http://questier.com
Copyright acknowledgements
➢   Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/
➢   http://www.desktoplinux.com/news/NS7546509093.html
➢...
Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education
Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education
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Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 1 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 2 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 3 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 4 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 5 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 6 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 7 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 8 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 9 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 10 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 11 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 12 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 13 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 14 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 15 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 16 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 17 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 18 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 19 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 20 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 21 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 22 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 23 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 24 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 25 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 26 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 27 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 28 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 29 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Slide 30
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Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education

  1. 1. e-Society.Mk 2012 "Open Education for an open society – let’s share the knowledge!" Skopje, Macedonia, 14-15th of November 2012 Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education Prof. dr. Frederik Questier @fquestie Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. 3. My background
  4. 4. Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Our social responsibility: how open is the future?
  7. 7. 1980's: Stallman defined “Free Software” ➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ share ➢ improve the program 7
  8. 8. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 8
  9. 9. 1998: “Open Source” sounds better as “Free Software”?
  10. 10. The software freedoms (study, improve) require access to the source code Source code: if sales > 100000 bonus = 500 else bonus = 0 endif Compiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110 10101100110010101010010100101010101010 001110001101001110001101001110001101001 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 11
  11. 11. Wh at FL is OSS inf lue by use nci sc h ng oo l s taf f?
  12. 12. Context ➢ Belgian education is organized by communities ➢ Flanders: Flemish community / ministry of education ➢ Schools & teachers select software ➢ Government supports ➢ ICT coordinators ➢ FLOSS guide book ➢ Few FLOSS trainings ➢ Microsoft contract
  13. 13. Research methodology ➢ Interviews ➢ Model conceptualization ➢ Pilot survey ➢ Web based survey ➢ Model validation
  14. 14. Basis for conceptual model ➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory ➢ Innovation diffusion Model
  15. 15. UTAUT model
  16. 16. Our conceptual model
  17. 17. Validated acceptance model for Free Software in (Flemish) schools
  18. 18. Do you think it is desirable to use FLOSS in education?
  19. 19. Which free software do you use at school?
  20. 20. Which free/non-free software do you use at school?
  21. 21. What is your motivation to use Free Software?
  22. 22. What is holding back the adoption of FLOSS in your school?
  23. 23. Conclusions of the study ➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine ➢ Lack of knowledge ➢ Misconceptions ➢ (Perceived) barriers ➢ Support needed! 25
  24. 24. Recommendations of the study ➢ For (teacher education) schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share ➢ For government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information ➢ Define a FLOSS policy 26
  25. 25. DARE TO SHARE 27
  26. 26. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Thank you! See also http://questier.com 28
  27. 27. This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed @fquestie – http://questier.com
  28. 28. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ http://www.desktoplinux.com/news/NS7546509093.html ➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny-shirts/software-is-like- sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/ ➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft ➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ Flanders in Belgium and the European Union, CC-by by Ssolbergj ➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery ➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker ➢ http://www.graphs.net/201208/byod-in-schools-and-companies.html ➢ GNU Head Joseph W. Reiss Free Art License or the GNU GPLv2 ➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper

F. Questier, Acceptance models for Free Software and other technologies in education, e-society.mk 2012 conference, Skopje, Macedonia

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