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Acceptance model for
Free Open Source Software
in (Flemish) schools
Prof. dr. Frederik Questier
Sébastien Froeliger
Vrije ...
This presentation can be found at
             http://questier.com
http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
Our social responsibility:
how open is the future? 3
"The most fundamental
  way of helping other
          people,
   is to teach people
how to do things better
 or how to be...
1980's: Stallman defined
                  “Free Software”
➢   The freedom to
    ➢   use
    ➢   study
    ➢   distribute...
1998: “Open Source” sounds
 better as “Free Software”?
The software Freedoms
               require access to the source code


Source code:          if encrypt(password) == enc...
The free software world
                  characteristics
➢   FLOSS exists for all tasks
➢   Huge
    ➢   e.g. 324K projec...
Why FLOSS?
➢   reduce (license) costs
➢   reduce digital divide
➢   eliminate software piracy
➢   easier license managemen...
Wh
     at
 FL     is
   OSS      inf
                lue
by      use         nci
   sc h                ng
       oo
    ...
Methodology
➢   Interviews
➢   Model conceptualization
➢   Pilot survey
➢   Web based survey
➢   Model validation
Basis for conceptual model
➢   Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology
    ➢   Theory of Reasoned Action
    ➢ ...
UTAUT model
Our conceptual model
Validated acceptance model for
Free Software in (Flemish) schools
Do you think it is desirable
to use FLOSS in education?
Which software
do you use at school?
Which software
do you use at school?
What is your motivation
to use Free Software?
What is holding back the adoption
   of FLOSS in your school?
Conclusions

➢   FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine
➢   Lack of knowledge
➢   Misconceptions
➢   Perceived barriers...
Recommendations
➢   for schools
    ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise
    ➢ Teach students how to share


➢   for go...
DARE
                                                         TO SHARE




Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit ...
Qu
     es t
Th        ion
   a nk       s?
          you
               !
Credits
➢   L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny-
    shirts/software-is-like-sex-its-bett...
Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools
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Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 1 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 2 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 3 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 4 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 5 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 6 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 7 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 8 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 9 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 10 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 11 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 12 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 13 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 14 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 15 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 16 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 17 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 18 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 19 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 20 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 21 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 22 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 23 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 24 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 25 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 26 Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Slide 27
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F. Questier, S. Froeliger, Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools, 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Teacher Education in Europe, Turkey, August 2012

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Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools

  1. 1. Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Sébastien Froeliger Vrije Universiteit Brussel 28th of August 2012
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. 3. Our social responsibility: how open is the future? 3
  4. 4. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 4
  5. 5. 1980's: Stallman defined “Free Software” ➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 5
  6. 6. 1998: “Open Source” sounds better as “Free Software”?
  7. 7. The software Freedoms require access to the source code Source code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, end Compiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 7
  8. 8. The free software world characteristics ➢ FLOSS exists for all tasks ➢ Huge ➢ e.g. 324K projects, 3.4M contributors @ sourceforge.net ➢ e.g. IBM > 1 billion $ per year ➢ Several business models ➢ Well organised ➢ User friendly ← written by users for users ➢ Cross-platform ← recompile source code ➢ High development pace ← reuse of best modules ➢ High quality ← peer review, reuse = survival of the fittest ➢ High security ← peer review, Unix origin, modular, encryption
  9. 9. Why FLOSS? ➢ reduce (license) costs ➢ reduce digital divide ➢ eliminate software piracy ➢ easier license management ➢ easy to localize and customize ➢ better quality (peer review, intrinsic-motivated developers) ➢ increase security (security by design vs security by obscurity) ➢ increase interoperability (open standards) ➢ reduce dependencies from monopolies & foreign software companies
  10. 10. Wh at FL is OSS inf lue by use nci sc h ng oo l s taf f?
  11. 11. Methodology ➢ Interviews ➢ Model conceptualization ➢ Pilot survey ➢ Web based survey ➢ Model validation
  12. 12. Basis for conceptual model ➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory ➢ Innovation diffusion Model
  13. 13. UTAUT model
  14. 14. Our conceptual model
  15. 15. Validated acceptance model for Free Software in (Flemish) schools
  16. 16. Do you think it is desirable to use FLOSS in education?
  17. 17. Which software do you use at school?
  18. 18. Which software do you use at school?
  19. 19. What is your motivation to use Free Software?
  20. 20. What is holding back the adoption of FLOSS in your school?
  21. 21. Conclusions ➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine ➢ Lack of knowledge ➢ Misconceptions ➢ Perceived barriers 23
  22. 22. Recommendations ➢ for schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share ➢ for government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information 24
  23. 23. DARE TO SHARE Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 25
  24. 24. Qu es t Th ion a nk s? you !
  25. 25. Credits ➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny- shirts/software-is-like-sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/ ➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft ➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery ➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker ➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper
  • ashimad

    Apr. 26, 2016
  • ingelsjoost

    Aug. 29, 2012

F. Questier, S. Froeliger, Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools, 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Teacher Education in Europe, Turkey, August 2012

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