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Changing Technology from 1996


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Usually I tend to look at emerging technologies to improve education and training, so it was interesting for me to run into this presentation from July 19, 1996.

Published in: Technology, Education
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  • Hi new information i got from your presentation about changes in technology from 1996 to till date really its a great information from your presentation.
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Changing Technology from 1996

  1. 1. Changing Technology Judy Brown WTCS Boards Association July 19, 1996
  2. 2. <ul><li>Students today can’t prepare bark to calculate their problems. They depend on their slates which are more expensive. What will they do when the slate is dropped and it breaks? They will be unable to write! </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s Conference, 1703 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Students today depend on paper too much. They don’t know how to write on a slate without getting chalk dust all over themselves. They can’t clean a slate properly. What will they do when they run out of paper? </li></ul><ul><li>Principal’s Association, 1815 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Students today depend too much upon ink. They don’t know how to use a pen knife to sharpen a pencil. Pen and ink will never replace the pencil. </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of Teachers, 1907 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Students today depend upon store bought ink. They don’t know how to make their own. When they run out of ink they will be unable to write words or ciphers until their next trip to the settlement. This is a sad commentary on modern education. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rural American Teacher, 1928 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Students today depend on these expensive fountain pens. They can no longer write with a straight pen and nib. We parents must not allow them to wallow in such luxury to the detriment of learning how to cope in the real business world which is not so extravagant. </li></ul><ul><li>PTA Gazette, 1941 </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ballpoint pens will be the ruin of education in our country. Students use these devices and then throw them away. The American values of thrift and frugality are being discarded. Business and banks will never allow such expensive luxuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Teachers, 1950 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Agenda <ul><li>New Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>The Pace of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Challenges </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Technologies <ul><li>Chips </li></ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul>
  10. 10. Processing Power <ul><li>In 1982, the original IBM PC processed 1/4 MIPS </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990, PC processed 25 MIPS </li></ul><ul><li>In 1993, PC were capable of processing 100 MIPS </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, PCs will process 10,000 MIPS </li></ul>
  11. 11. New Technologies <ul><li>Chips </li></ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul>
  12. 12. Connected World <ul><li>“ We're just a step away from the point when every computer is connected to every other computer....&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Grove, CEO Intel </li></ul>
  13. 13. New Technologies <ul><li>Chips </li></ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul>
  14. 14. Software <ul><li>“ Any piece of software is inadequate two years later.” </li></ul><ul><li> Bill Gates, CEO Microsoft </li></ul>
  15. 15. What's Happening Today? <ul><li>Faster / Cheaper / Better </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Mergers / Takeovers / Acquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence / Positioning </li></ul>
  16. 16. What's Hot? <ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Multimedia / 3D </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless / Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Java </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>DVD </li></ul><ul><li>Intercast </li></ul>
  17. 17. What's Hot (Continued) <ul><li>Electronic Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Wallet PC </li></ul><ul><li>Speech / Voice Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing / Video Phone </li></ul>
  18. 18. Technology Innovation Faster processors Smart cards Larger storage Voice/ handwriting input High-quality video and graphics Flat, high- resolution screens
  19. 19. Technological Reality <ul><li>For four years, US. Industry has been spending more on computers and communications equipment than on all other capital equipment combined – all machinery for services, manufacturing, mining, agriculture, construction, whatever. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Pace of Change <ul><li>Moore’s Law </li></ul><ul><li>Exponential Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Information Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Rush “Fever” </li></ul><ul><li>Web Years </li></ul>
  21. 21. Moore’s Law <ul><li>Each new chip contains roughly twice as much capacity as its predecessor, and each chip was released within 18-24 months of the previous chip. </li></ul><ul><li>Gordon E. Moore, 1965 </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Pace of Change <ul><li>Moore’s Law </li></ul><ul><li>Exponential Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Information Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Rush “Fever” </li></ul><ul><li>Web Years </li></ul>
  23. 23. Industry Directions
  24. 24. Wide Area Bandwidth Generation Speed Technology Application 14.4 28.8 Modem, SVD Text great, Pictures OK Narrowband (Today) 100-400 ISDN, PC cable modem Pictures great, Video OK Midband (1-2 years) Broadband (2+ years) 1500+ ATM Video great (k-baud/sec.)
  25. 25. Business Changes <ul><li>Home-based Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide Market </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Funds </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>New Tools </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Future Workforce <ul><li>“ 25% of all jobs today will disappear within 10 years” Wall Street Journal </li></ul><ul><li>“ 85% of children in year 5 will enter the workforce where the positions have not yet been designed and the technologies not yet created” </li></ul>
  27. 27. Job Opportunities 101110010010001 Software distribution Finance and accounting Information delivery Customer support Human Resources
  28. 28. Educational Challenges <ul><li>Students born “Cable Ready” </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor access and training </li></ul><ul><li>Business looking to technical colleges to stay current </li></ul><ul><li>Individualization </li></ul>
  29. 29. The Future of the University <ul><li>“ Many of the physical mega universities are not sustainable, at least not in their present duplicative variations. Ten years from now a significant share of conventional mass education will be offered commercially and electronically.” </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Noam, Columbia University </li></ul>
  30. 30. Educational Changes <ul><li>Industrial Revolution Model </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Organization for Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Pen and Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Low Order Question </li></ul><ul><li>Hours Open </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Age </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Computing Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Action Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Open Learning </li></ul><ul><li>World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>High Order Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Open all Hours </li></ul>
  31. 31. Where to Go for Information <ul><li>Online (Edupage) </li></ul><ul><li>Training Sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Books, Articles, Electronic Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Associations </li></ul>
  32. 32. Questions ?