   Wednesday        Project   Execute          Trio   Executive        Hazard   Relative         Exorbitant   Exc...
Phonetics
DEFINITIONThe science or study of speech sounds,their production,their analysis,classification andtranscription.
Why to study Phonetics?
Language      a system of    communication    through speech   written language - an attempt to    represent the spoken ...
English Language   English is not a phonographic language, i.e.    spelling generally does not give a clear    indication...
Sounds   Consonants   vowels
Vowels   Air comes out freely through the mouth   No closure of the air passage   No narrowing of the passage that woul...
Consonants   the closure or narrowing takes place
Classification of consonants   Place of articulation   Manner of articulation
Place of articulation   Bilabial   Labio-dental   Dental   Alveolar   Post-alveolar   Palato-alveolar   Palatal   ...
Place of articulation   Lips   Teeth   Teeth ridge   Tip of the tongue   Blade of the tongue   Front of the tongue ...
Bilabial Plosives           / p, b /   The air passage in the mouth is closed by the    two lips   Soft palate is raised...
Alveolar Plosives         / t, d /   The air passage is closed by the tip of    the tongue against the teeth ridge   Sof...
Velar Plosives / k, g /   The air passage is closed by the    back of the tongue making a    contact with the soft palate...
Affricates   Air passage is completely closed by a contact    between the tip and blade of the tongue and    the teeth ri...
Labio-dental Fricatives          / f,v /   Lower lip very close to the edge of upper    teeth, making a light contact   ...
Dental Fricatives   The tip of the tongue is brought very    close to the edge of the upper teeth to    make a light touc...
Alveolar Fricatives / s, z /   The tip and the blade of the tongue are    brought very near the teeth ridge   The air co...
Palato- alveolar Fricatives   The tip and blade of the tongue are brought    very near the teeth ridge   The front of th...
Glottal Fricative / h /   Produced by the air coming through    a narrow glottis with audible friction   The sound can a...
Bilabial Nasal          /m/   The mouth passage is completely closed by    the lips   The soft palate is lowered   The ...
Alveolar Nasal           /n/   The tip of the tongue makes a closure    against the teeth ridge and the rims of the    to...
Velar Nasal   The back of the tongue makes a    closure with the soft palate   The soft palate is lowered and the    air...
Lateral      /l/   There is a closure in the middle   Air comes out through the sides
Vowel sounds 12      as     in    these       as    in     bit       as    in     bed        as    in    bad
as    in     busas    in    cardas    in     hot as    in    all            force            horse
as   in   bookas   in    ruleas   in    tubeas   in    serveas   in   accountas   in   drama
DIPTHONGAL GLIDES (8)     Mixture of two vowel sounds
as   in    gateas   in    biteas   in    boilas   in   home
as    in    houseas    in    cheer as    in   airas     in    poor
CONSONANTS (24)    as   in   pen    as   in   bag
as   in   takeas   in   dayas   in   keepas   in   gate
as   in    chainas   in    joinas    in    faceas    in    vain
as    in    thankas    in    then as    in   see as    in    zoo
as   in    shadeas   in   measureas   in   handas   in   make
as   in   nightas   in   longas   in   lamp
as   in   rainas   in   yesas   in   wait
Let us practise                  about                  breakfast                  substance                  gentleme    ...
backwardstandardbeggarparticulardrama
Prosodic characteristics of speech   speech is more than a sequence of    sounds   suprasegmental properties:       len...
Length   vowel length   tense/lax (more and less effort)                 sit  seat
What is Word Stress? Take 3 words: photograph, photographer  and photographic, for example. Do they  sound the same when ...
   accent = Distinctive manner of oral    expression, "he couldnt suppress    his south indian accent”   word stress, ph...
   Here’s an example…   A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over    the world.    B: Who?    A: The mice wi...
Stress   /     rise        fall   /    rise-fall   /    fall-rise   //   rise-fall-rise
Lec 6 phonetics
Lec 6 phonetics
Lec 6 phonetics
Lec 6 phonetics
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Lec 6 phonetics

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  • rhythmic aspect of language* Pertaining to a feature of speech that extends over more than a single speech sound
  • Lec 6 phonetics

    1. 1.  Wednesday  Project Execute  Trio Executive  Hazard Relative  Exorbitant Exchequer  Suit Genre  Suite Wind chimes  Hotel Liaison  Vehicle Sesame  Academy Strategy  Academic Strategic  Academician Economics  Helped Economy  Competitive
    2. 2. Phonetics
    3. 3. DEFINITIONThe science or study of speech sounds,their production,their analysis,classification andtranscription.
    4. 4. Why to study Phonetics?
    5. 5. Language a system of communication through speech written language - an attempt to represent the spoken language by visual symbols.
    6. 6. English Language English is not a phonographic language, i.e. spelling generally does not give a clear indication of pronunciation Necessary for Indian students to make a systematic study of the English sound system.
    7. 7. Sounds Consonants vowels
    8. 8. Vowels Air comes out freely through the mouth No closure of the air passage No narrowing of the passage that would cause audible friction.
    9. 9. Consonants the closure or narrowing takes place
    10. 10. Classification of consonants Place of articulation Manner of articulation
    11. 11. Place of articulation Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
    12. 12. Place of articulation Lips Teeth Teeth ridge Tip of the tongue Blade of the tongue Front of the tongue Back of the tongue Hard palate Soft palate
    13. 13. Bilabial Plosives / p, b / The air passage in the mouth is closed by the two lips Soft palate is raised The lips are separated and the air is released with explosion
    14. 14. Alveolar Plosives / t, d / The air passage is closed by the tip of the tongue against the teeth ridge Soft palate is raised The tip of the tongue is suddenly removed from the teeth ridge The air escapes with explosion
    15. 15. Velar Plosives / k, g / The air passage is closed by the back of the tongue making a contact with the soft palate Tongue is suddenly removed Air escapes with explosion
    16. 16. Affricates Air passage is completely closed by a contact between the tip and blade of the tongue and the teeth ridge The rims of the tongue making a contact with the upper side teeth The front of the tongue and the soft palate also raised The air is released slowly
    17. 17. Labio-dental Fricatives / f,v / Lower lip very close to the edge of upper teeth, making a light contact Soft palate is raised The air comes out between the lower lip and upper teeth with friction
    18. 18. Dental Fricatives The tip of the tongue is brought very close to the edge of the upper teeth to make a light touch Soft palate is raised The air passes between the tip and blade of the tongue and the upper teeth
    19. 19. Alveolar Fricatives / s, z / The tip and the blade of the tongue are brought very near the teeth ridge The air comes out through a narrow groove The soft palate is raised
    20. 20. Palato- alveolar Fricatives The tip and blade of the tongue are brought very near the teeth ridge The front of the tongue is also raised towards the hard palate The air passes through the narrow passage with audible friction The soft palate is raised
    21. 21. Glottal Fricative / h / Produced by the air coming through a narrow glottis with audible friction The sound can also be regarded as a voiceless beginning of the following vowel It does not occur finally
    22. 22. Bilabial Nasal /m/ The mouth passage is completely closed by the lips The soft palate is lowered The air comes out through the nose
    23. 23. Alveolar Nasal /n/ The tip of the tongue makes a closure against the teeth ridge and the rims of the tongue are against the upper side teeth The soft palate is lowered The air comes out through the nose
    24. 24. Velar Nasal The back of the tongue makes a closure with the soft palate The soft palate is lowered and the air escapes through the nose
    25. 25. Lateral /l/ There is a closure in the middle Air comes out through the sides
    26. 26. Vowel sounds 12 as in these as in bit as in bed as in bad
    27. 27. as in busas in cardas in hot as in all force horse
    28. 28. as in bookas in ruleas in tubeas in serveas in accountas in drama
    29. 29. DIPTHONGAL GLIDES (8)  Mixture of two vowel sounds
    30. 30. as in gateas in biteas in boilas in home
    31. 31. as in houseas in cheer as in airas in poor
    32. 32. CONSONANTS (24) as in pen as in bag
    33. 33. as in takeas in dayas in keepas in gate
    34. 34. as in chainas in joinas in faceas in vain
    35. 35. as in thankas in then as in see as in zoo
    36. 36. as in shadeas in measureas in handas in make
    37. 37. as in nightas in longas in lamp
    38. 38. as in rainas in yesas in wait
    39. 39. Let us practise about breakfast substance gentleme n human
    40. 40. backwardstandardbeggarparticulardrama
    41. 41. Prosodic characteristics of speech speech is more than a sequence of sounds suprasegmental properties:  length  stress and accent  intonation (pitch movement across utterances and texts)
    42. 42. Length vowel length tense/lax (more and less effort) sit seat
    43. 43. What is Word Stress? Take 3 words: photograph, photographer and photographic, for example. Do they sound the same when spoken? No!They sound different, because *one* syllable in each word is "stressed" (stronger than the others). PHOtograph phoTOgrapher photoGRAPHic
    44. 44.  accent = Distinctive manner of oral expression, "he couldnt suppress his south indian accent” word stress, phrase stress, sentence stress, delay green house green house I went to the zoo yesterday
    45. 45.  Here’s an example… A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over the world. B: Who? A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over the world. C: Where? A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over the world. D: When? A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over the world. B: To do what? A: The mice will go to the moon tomorrow to take over the world!
    46. 46. Stress / rise fall / rise-fall / fall-rise // rise-fall-rise

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