Diphthongs and Triphthongs - Samford Diction 2011

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Diphthongs and Triphthongs - Samford Diction 2011

  1. 1. DiphthongsNot Dip ThongsTriphthongs
  2. 2. Transcribe Tried Coin Ride soil High oily Deny foil Try
  3. 3.  The word “diphthong” comes from Greek and means “two sounds.” The term refers to the use of two vowel sounds in a single syllable. The characteristic of the diphthong that is different from single vowels in consecutive syllables is the movement from one vowel to another. When we form or hear a diphthong there are three factors:  PRIMARY VOWEL SOUND  QUICK MOVEMENT  SECONDARY VOWEL SOUND
  4. 4. By[bɑɪ]
  5. 5.  InEnglish the first vowel is stressed, and is lengthened so that it is sung for most of the duration of the note on which it occurs. The second vowel is made less precisely, it is unstressed and it is short. Note: this is different from Italian consecutive vowels.
  6. 6. My Fair Lady -Vowelshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFLlW0HQL_gRain in Spain:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVmU3iANbgk
  7. 7. [ɛɪ] also [eɪ] Spellings: Grace, wait, say, great, weight, prey Potential problems: Practice phrases  [θhɛ ɾɑɪŋ ɪŋ spɛɪn stɛɪz mɛɪnlɪ an θəplɛɪnz ] the rain in spain stays mainly on the plain  Make straight in the desert a highway for our God  Praise the Lord, who reigns above
  8. 8. [ɑɪ] Spellings: eye, like, by, buy, pie, light Potential problems: Practice phrases  [sɑɪlənt nɑɪt] silent night  Arise shine for thy light is come  I attempt from love’s sickness to fly
  9. 9. [ɔɪ] Spellings: noise, joy Potential problems: Practice phrases  [mjuzɪk hwɛn sɔft vɔsəz dɑɪ] music when soft voices die  The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness  Joyful, joyful, we adore Thee
  10. 10. [ɑɔ] Spellings: sound, how Potential problems: Practice phrases  [hɑɔ nɑɔ brɑɔn kɑɔ] how now brown cow  And the glory of the Lord shone round about them  Crown Him with many crowns  Sleep now, o sleep now, o you unquiet heart
  11. 11. [oʊ] Spellings: sew, abode, coal, dough, show Potential problems: Practice phrasesˡ  Snow had fallen snow on snow  Behold and see if there be any sorrow like unto his sorrow  O my soul, bless God the Father
  12. 12. [ɪ ] 3 Spellings: mere, fear, deer, pier Potential problems: ɡrind rʼsor delete entirely Practice phrasesˡ  who shall stand when he appeareth  Ə.pɪɛθ
  13. 13. [ɛ3] Spellings:care, fair, prayer, there, wear, theyʼre their , Practice phrasesˡ  [ɪf ðɛ3 w3 drimz tu sɛl]  Prepare ye the way of the Lord.  [prə.pɛ3
  14. 14. [a3] Spellings:far, heart Practice phrasesˡ  [in ðə fild hwɛ3 ðə dɛɪzɪz a3]  He shall gather the lambs with his arm  Christian hearts, in love united
  15. 15. [o3] [ɔ3] The sounds are different acoustically but not phonemically. Spellings: war, more, roar, door, for, four Practice phrasesˡ  [in ðə fild hwɛ3 ðə dɛɪzɪz a3]  He shall gather the lambs with his arm  Christian hearts, in love united
  16. 16. [ʊ3] Spellings: poor, your, sure (The glide [j] proceeds [ʊ3] in certain situations, as in “fury”, “endure” “purify) Practice phrases  Sure on this shining night  Comfort ye my people saith your God  My master was so very poor
  17. 17. Poor and PourPoor [pʊ3]Pour [pɔ3]
  18. 18. Triphthongs[trɪf.θɔŋz]A monosyllable that contains three consecutive vowel sound:1. Primary vowel sound2. Quick movement3. Secondary vowel sound4. Quick movement5. Tertiary vowel sound
  19. 19. [ɑɪƷ] and [aʊƷ] [ɑɪƷ]Hire, lyre, liar, choir [aʊƷ] hour, our, power Problems:  omission of the secondary vowel sound.  Puttinɡ [æɪƷ] instead of [ɑɪƷ]  Addinɡ a [w] when we donʼtneed it[ɑɪƷ]  Grinding the “r”  For he is like a refiner’s fire  Our father, which art in heaven

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