Chapter #4

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Chapter #4

  1. 2. The Larynx
  2. 6. <ul><li>Phonation refers to any oscillatory state of any part of the larynx that modifies the airstream, of which voicing is just one example. </li></ul>
  3. 7. 4 States of the Glottis <ul><li>1. Wide Apart </li></ul><ul><li>2. Narrow glottis </li></ul><ul><li>3. Position for the vocal folds vibration </li></ul><ul><li>4. Vocal folds tightly closed </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal Folds </li></ul>
  4. 8. Respiration and Voicing <ul><li>Egressive Pulmonic Airstream is the air made to move out of the lungs. </li></ul>
  5. 9. <ul><li>The pressure of the air below the vocal folds varried: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Variations in INTENSITY= Shouting </li></ul><ul><li>2. Variations in FREQUENCY= More vibrations per second. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Variations in QUALITY= Different-sounding voice qualities. Breathy or murmured. </li></ul>
  6. 10. PLOSIVES <ul><li>1. Two articulators are moved against each other. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The air is released </li></ul><ul><li>3. A noise loud enough to be heard after the previous stage. (Plosion) </li></ul><ul><li>4. There may be voicing during part of the plosive articulation. </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>1. Closing Phase </li></ul><ul><li>2. Compression Phase </li></ul><ul><li>3. Release Phase </li></ul><ul><li>4. Post-release phase </li></ul>
  8. 12. English Plosives Lenis Fortis Bilabial b p Alveolar d t Velar g k
  9. 13. Bilabial Plosives
  10. 15. <ul><li>Fortis Bilabial Plosive </li></ul><ul><li>Lenis bilabial Plosive </li></ul>
  11. 16. Alveolar Plosives
  12. 18. <ul><li>Fortis Alveolar Plosive </li></ul><ul><li>Lenis Alveolar Plosive </li></ul>
  13. 19. Velar Plosives
  14. 21. <ul><li>Fortis Velar Plosive </li></ul><ul><li>Lenis Velar Plosive </li></ul>
  15. 22. Syllable Structure CV Initial VC Final VCV Medial
  16. 23. CV –Initial Position <ul><li>Paw </li></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Bee </li></ul><ul><li>Bar </li></ul><ul><li>Door </li></ul>
  17. 24. VC –Final Position <ul><li>Eat </li></ul><ul><li>Add </li></ul><ul><li>Oak </li></ul><ul><li>Up </li></ul>
  18. 25. VCV –Medial Position <ul><li>Bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Better </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Peter </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar </li></ul>
  19. 26. Practice <ul><li>Difference between aspirated and unaspirated </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>Tongue Twister </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper </li></ul><ul><li>If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper </li></ul><ul><li>Where ‘s the peck of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked? </li></ul>
  21. 28. Evaluation <ul><li>What does the word glottis refer to? ________________________________________________  </li></ul><ul><li>When air is made to move out of the lungs we say there is an ___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Define the following terms: </li></ul><ul><li>Voicing or Phonetion: __________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Subglottal Pressure:____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Variations uency: ______________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>How many plosive consonants are there in English? Give Examples. </li></ul>

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