A cartoon apparently expressing a rather sour German point of view on the British-French &quot; Entente Cordiale &quot; of 1904 -- John Bull walks off with the trollop France (in her scandalously short tricolor skirt, while Germany pretends not to care. (notice the sword scabard peeking out from under Germany’s trenchcoat – implying that they are willing to use military aggression?) The Entente Cordiale agreement was a change for both countries. France had been isolated from the other European powers, mostly as a result of the efforts of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to estrange France from potential allies, as it was thought that France might possibly seek revenge for its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71. The United Kingdom had maintained a policy of &quot; splendid isolation &quot; on the European continent for nearly a century, intervening in continental affairs only when it was considered necessary to protect British interests and to maintain the continental balance of power . The situation for both countries changed in the last decade of the nineteenth century .
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CHAPTER 18 Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind of War Section 3: The Russian Revolution Section 4: The Terms of Peace Section 5: Creating a “New” Europe World War I and the Russian Revolution
SECTION 1 Bell Ringer 18.1: What alliances existed in Europe at the outbreak of World War I? Complete the following graphic map. Setting the Stage for War
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Triple Entente Triple Alliance Opposing Alliances at Outbreak of War 1907 1879 1904 1894 1882 1882
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War The Funeral of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom occurred on Friday, 20 May 1910. It was one of the largest gatherings of European royalty ever to take place, and one of the last before war ended the era of European royalty.
Rivalries in the Balkans and over colonies as the Big Dogs competed will push the world to the edge. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
By the early 1900s Europe was plunging toward war. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Four factors fueled this plunge . . .
NATIONALISM <ul><li>Various ethnic groups wanted political unity. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
IMPERIALISM <ul><li>The Great Powers had already come close to war over Africa, Asia, and other parts of the world that they had wanted to colonize and control. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
MILITARISM <ul><li>European leaders believed they could achieve their goals through the threat or use of force. </li></ul><ul><li>If one nation were to mobilize – other nations would mobilize in self-defense. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War The Total Defence Expenditure of the Powers (in million £ ) (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France and Russia) 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War 1906 Great Britain launched the world’s first modern battleship – HMS Dreadnought.
SYSTEM OF ALLIANCES <ul><li>The unification of Germany and that of Italy had changed the balance of power in Europe. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Germany Russia Austria- Hungary Italy France Great Britain Three Emperors League 1873 Triple Alliance –1882 Dual Alliance 1879 Franco-Russia Alliance 1893 Anglo-Russian Entente 1907 Entente Cordiale 1904 Triple Entente
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War A-H Serbia Russia Germany Leave my little Slavic brothers alone!! Back off Russkies! OR ELSE! France And while we’re at it – let’s get France! Help me!! 1 August 1914
Germany must defeat France quickly so they can focus on Russia. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Germany attacks France through the land of chocolate and waffles: Belgium. von Schlieffen plan
When Germany uses Belgium as a shortcut, who is going to get upset? SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Great Britain!