Paraphrasing Skill


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Paraphrasing Skill

  1. 1. Paraphrasing Skill Experiential English II
  2. 2. Paraphrase <ul><li>Rewrite a text in your own words and keep the original meaning. </li></ul>in your own words You have to learn how to: Choose synonyms Use alternative grammatical structures
  3. 3. Suggested Paraphrasing Methods <ul><li>Use synonyms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rain forests are often located near the equator. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrased version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rain forests are frequently situated close to the equator. </li></ul></ul></ul>often located near frequently situated close to
  4. 4. <ul><li>Rearrange ideas in a different order as long as they still make sense. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrased version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand’s capital city is Bangkok. </li></ul></ul></ul>Suggested Paraphrasing Methods The capital city of Thailand Bangkok is
  5. 5. <ul><li>Combine two short sentences and simplify their structure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When playing online games, you can talk to people you are playing with. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also, you can make friends with them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrased version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can talk and make friends with people you are playing online games with. </li></ul></ul></ul>Suggested Paraphrasing Methods
  6. 6. <ul><li>Change word forms. (V  N / N  V) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should put restrictions on their children’s use of cell phones. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrase versions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parent should restrict their children’s use of cell phones. </li></ul></ul></ul>Suggested Paraphrasing Methods restrictions (n.)  restrict (v.)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Change from the active voice to the passive voice and vice versa. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Architects can use a domed roof to conserve floor space . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrased version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A domed roof can be used by architects to conserve floor space. </li></ul></ul></ul>Suggested Paraphrasing Methods A domed roof by architects can be used to conserve floor space.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Combine several methods in order to write a meaningful and accurate paraphrase. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Europe’s first clinic for people who are addicted to games has opened. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrased version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A clinic for game addicts has opened for the first time in Europe. </li></ul></ul></ul>Suggested Paraphrasing Methods
  9. 9. Paraphrasing vs. Plagiarizing <ul><li>Paraphrase : Write the ideas in your own words and avoid stealing another writer’s words. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism : Copy information word-for-word and presenting it as your own. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example of Paraphrasing <ul><li>A college student usually has homework to do. </li></ul>A person going to college <ul><li>A person going to college usually has assignments to do. </li></ul><ul><li>People taking college frequently has assignments to do. </li></ul>People taking college frequently assignments
  11. 11. Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>If we persist with the treatment, we will have a huge debt . </li></ul><ul><li>If we continue the treatment, we will get into serious debt. </li></ul>continue be in debt / get into debt enormous / large / serious
  12. 12. <ul><li>Hidden-video cameras can give us a sense of safety . </li></ul><ul><li>Hidden-video cameras can make us feel safe. </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise safe feel make
  13. 13. <ul><li>We should have a right to assemble peacefully without surveillance . </li></ul><ul><li>It’s our right to gather peacefully without being watch over. </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise meet / gather watch over without (prep) + N / V+ing It’s our right to…
  14. 14. <ul><li>Doctors said that Terri Schiavo was in a persistent vegetative state . </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>According to doctors, Terri Schiavo could not move or speak. </li></ul>could not move or speak According to…
  15. 15. <ul><li>The police use hidden-video cameras . Therefore , they do not have to put their lives in danger patrolling dangerous areas . </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>Because the police use surveillance cameras, they do not have to risk their lives patrolling unsafe areas. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The entire town was devastated by the blaze . </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>The fire destroyed the whole city. </li></ul><ul><li>There has been a significant growth in the use of the Internet since 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2000, the use of the Internet has significantly grown. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>If you suspect your babysistter does not treat your child properly, get a hidden camera. </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>If you are not sure whether your child is well taken care of by your babysitter, get a hidden camera. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>A person who is addicted to alcohol consumes more but gets less pleasure than a person who drinks just to be sociable . </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>Although alcoholics drink more, they enjoy it less than social drinkers. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The inadequacy of baggage carts is one of the major problems at the airport. </li></ul>Paraphrasing Exercise <ul><li>One of the airport’s main problems is the shortage of trolleys. </li></ul>