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PROPAGANDA DEVICES

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PROPAGANDA DEVICES

  1. 1. PROPAGANDA DEVICES
  2. 2. Name-calling
  3. 3. Name-calling also called stereotyping or labelling is another propaganda technique. Direct name-calling is a direct attack on an opponent. If it is likely to annoy the audience, indirect name-calling is used. In this case, sarcasm is employed. Cartoons and photographs are used in name-calling. This technique is used in politics.
  4. 4. Examples: 1. (Pepsi)- very subtle nothing negative is said but it is implied that cokes' only value is to use it as a step stool to get to the better product. 2. (Burger King)- slanted comparison at the two fast food chains (McDonalds and Burger King) 3. (Campbells’s Soup)- points out an ingredient that Progresso Soup contains that Campbell’s does not… Again there is no proof the consumer would then need to look at the ingredient on the cans of both soups to determine if the statement is true. 4. (Political attack ad)- political ads of this type are commonly found on television before a close election. Very rarely so the people who create the ads provide any proof of their allegations; the person watching the ad must do the research to determine if the claim in the ad is true. 5. My opponent is a flip-flop man who cannot make up his ming. He changes mind with the breeze!
  5. 5. Glittering Generalities
  6. 6. Glittering Generalities: These are vague, broad statements that will connect with the audience's beliefs and values. They really don't say anything substantive. Slogans make great examples. The vagueness means that the implications, though varying for different people, are always favorable. Think of peace, freedom, justice, family values, etc.
  7. 7. Examples: 1.Things go better with coke 2.Find magic in Enchanted Kingdom 3.Strike up for the new world 4.Gatorade always win 5.Freedom security tradition change prosperity
  8. 8. Transfer
  9. 9. Transfer: This is an effort to transfer your approval of something you respect and approve of to another something that the propagandist wants you to approve of. Flag-waving helps.
  10. 10. Examples: 1. Manny Pacquioa train very hard for his fight but he feels pain every training so he takes Alaxan FR to relieve the pain. 2. Sarah Geronimo have a long black silky hair in taking good care of her hair she uses Sunsilk. 3. Coco Martin loves to drink coffee in giving himself satisfaction he prefer to use Nescafe. 4. Kris Aquino loves to travel. She wants a comfortable way during her travel in many places so she prefer Philippine Airlines in travelling around the world. 5. Kathryn Bernardo have fair skin, she want to achieve a white complexion so she uses Olay products to achieve it.
  11. 11. Testimonial
  12. 12. Testimonial: When a famous person or a celebrity endorses a certain view, they testify to the idea or the product. This is an effective propaganda technique that often works wonders to influence an audience
  13. 13. Examples: 1. Drew Barrymore promoting a Cover girl makeup. 2. Lebron James is promoting the famous fast food place Mc Donald's! When his fans see this they want to eat it because their favorite NBA Basketball palayer eats it. 3. Singer Julianne Haugh promoting Wrigley’s Juicy fruit gum they put famous respected people to advertise things like this so people will think if my favorite singer chews this gum then I want this also. 4. Serena Williams promotes Gatorade she wants her fans to buy it. 5. Hayden Panefiere is an actress who is trying to convince people to buy milk.
  14. 14. Plain Folks
  15. 15. Plain Folks: This technique works in a way to establish that the speaker is regular and ordinary and has the same views and opinions as the people he is appealing to. It creates a sense of camaraderie between the speaker and his audience which helps build belief in the idea.
  16. 16. Examples: 1. The first example is a everyday baby promoting different foods. 2. The second picture is about SMITHFEILD HAM...It says it is America's original CONVENIENCE FOOD. 3. TYSON is advertising to end childhood hunger. 4. A litte boy that could be anyone is advertising OREO. 5. SUBWAY has a man promoting them by saying if you eat SUBWAy you will lose weight.
  17. 17. Card Stacking
  18. 18. Card Stacking: This can also be called Cherry-Picking. The propagandist uses only those facts and details that support their argument. The selected reasons are used to support the conclusion. You will get misled if you do not notice that important details are missing. The worst part of card-stacking is that it can be very difficult to detect if you are not really knowledgeable about the subject.
  19. 19. Examples: 1. Creamsilk conditioner can give hair a smooth and silky appearance. 2. During election periods political parties will often gag their loose cannons who might pen their mouths and say the wrong thing. 3. A minister of a new church sects sets up in a poor area, feed people who will listen tells them of how the poor will be saved and so on. 4. A politician just happened to be in town when a new school is opening so they just stay in, hi jacking the press for their own means. 5. A brand of snack food is loaded with sugar then commercial may boast that product is know in fat which implies that is also low in calories.
  20. 20. Bandwagon
  21. 21. Bandwagon: Influencing people by telling then how everyone is using the same product or is true to the same ideology. This encourages people to take the same course of action.
  22. 22. Examples: 1. Pepsi commercial that pushed forth the slogan “ the choice of a new generation.” 2. On the commercial you see that as one person takes out their phone another person does until everyone in the balcony has a 7 mobile phone out to capture dancing. This commercial would make viewers think that everyone in the dance is supporting T-mobile. 3. In the state farm commercial state confusion it shows everyone waling around with various items, the mans wife calls the insurance company and asks why his husband has a lot of stuffs and he responds by telling her how she saved money and that most people who switch to state farm save on average 480 dollars. 4. In a commercial of Proactive skincare it uses assertation “America’s #1 skin care product” to group proactive with the entire country. 5. An ad of Macs that says “real mean use Macs” this is bandwagon because it is saying that men should be own Macs or else they wont be “real” men.

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