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History of educational technology (ppp)


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History of educational technology (ppp)

  1. 1. Educational Technology Technological devices in the classroom
  2. 2. Contents: <ul><li>Defining educational technology </li></ul><ul><li>Abacus </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboards </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>The Theories behind </li></ul><ul><li>Latest tools! </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is educational technology? <ul><li>The term refers to the use of technology in different educational settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual education or visual instruction were used originally. </li></ul><ul><li>When sound was added, the term changed to audiovisual. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our piece of advice... <ul><li>Education technology can be used in education effectively: to support explanations, give conctrete examples to abstract meanings, to gain students interest, but never to replace the teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / wiki / Educational_technology </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>First discovered in 3000 b.c. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in schools during the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Made of wood frame with parallel wire rods, each with wooden disks </li></ul><ul><li>It was an early calculator </li></ul><ul><li>There was only one per classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>Abacus
  6. 6. Blackboards <ul><li>1816: Samuel Hall wrote on a piece of black paper to teach mathematics.Then, he had a wall in his classroom painted black. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapidly included in all classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboards are being replaced by whiteboards or interactive whiteboards. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: ; “Using the board </li></ul><ul><li>in the language classroom” (Dobbs, Jeannine) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Radio <ul><li>Benjamin Darrow : founder of the Ohio School of the Air. </li></ul><ul><li>1920 : the Radio Division of the U.S. Departmenent of Commerce began to license educational stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Later </li></ul><ul><li>replaced by television. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: </li></ul>
  8. 8. Television <ul><li>1950s -1960s: Initial interest in the use of television </li></ul><ul><li>1952: the Federal Communcations Commission (FCC) set asied 242 television channels for educational purpouses. </li></ul><ul><li>George Klein published a catalogue of educational motin pictures. Films could be rented by schools. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Computers <ul><li>1980: Computers started being used for educational purpouses. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to computers was limited. </li></ul><ul><li>Little by little, they are replacing the other media, even coursebooks. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal use of computers: complement the other tools in teaching. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Theories behind <ul><li>Behaviourism : Based on Skinner’s theories. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer- assisted programs : developed for students to work ar their own pace. The computer would keep track of their work. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal : to individualize </li></ul><ul><li>instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Focus : behaviour of </li></ul><ul><li>individual learners. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Theories behind <ul><li>Constructivism : criticism on the use of computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners’ own construction of </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers’ task: help learners in constructing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Later use of computers, promoting higher level thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: http:// / wiki / Educational_technology ; </li></ul>
  12. 12. The future has arrived... <ul><li>Class website </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile devices </li></ul><ul><li>Online media </li></ul><ul><li>Other tools </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>www. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>