History of Instructional
Design
Lequanda Isom
IDT 7052
November 7, 2010
1812
Charles Babbage became known as the
father of modern day computers.
Late 1800s
The first computer card was developed and
accomplished the largest data processing
endeavors untaken at the tim...
1908
Keystone View Company published Visual
Education, a teacher’s guide to lantern
slides and stereographs.
1910
 The first catalog of instructional films was
published.
 The public school system of Rochester,
New York became th...
1911
Tabulating Machine Company merged with
other companies to form the International
Business Machine (IBM).
1913
Thomas Edison proclaimed “Books will soon
be obsolete in the schools….It is possible
to teach every branch of human
k...
1923
Association for Educational Communication
and Technology (AECT) was created has
maintained a leadership role in the f...
Late 1940s
John Von Neumann was the force behind
the development of the first stored
computer program. He devised a way to...
Late 1940s and throughout the
1950s
The origins of instructional design procedures
have been traced to World War II. Durin...
1946
First vacuum tube-based computers
developed
1952
The decision by the Federal
Communications Commission to set aside
242 television channels for educational
purposes, ...
1954
General Electric is the first business to
order a computer
B.F. Skinner’s article entitled, “The Science
of Learning ...
1955
IBM's first commercial computer is sold
1957
The Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the
first orbiting space satellite, there began a
series of events that would even...
1963
 Vocational Education Act passes with new
money supporting the use of technology
in schools; however, the mainframe ...
1963
 The Ford Foundation decided to focus its support
on public television in general, rather than on in-
school applica...
1965
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
brings new money into schools for
technology. Mainframes and
minicomputers are...
1970
 The terms educational technology and
instructional technology began to replace
audiovisual instruction to describe ...
1983
The Apple II computer finds widespread
acceptance in education because PCs better
fit the teacher /manager model of
i...
1984
Papert indicated that the computer was
going to be “a catalyst of very deep and
radical change in the educational sys...
1992
A new network was built to expand the
Internet. This network forms the main
trunk of what is the Internet today.
1994
Association for Educational Communication and
Technology (AECT) definition. The 1994
AECT definition presented in thi...
1995
The Internet and the World Wide Web
began to catch on as businesses, schools,
and individuals create web pages.
1996
The Internet is widely discussed as businesses
begin to provide services and advertising
using web pages. New graphic...
References
 Murdock, E. (1995). History, the history of computers, and the history of
computers in education. Retrieved o...
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History of technology

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History of technology

  1. 1. History of Instructional Design Lequanda Isom IDT 7052 November 7, 2010
  2. 2. 1812 Charles Babbage became known as the father of modern day computers.
  3. 3. Late 1800s The first computer card was developed and accomplished the largest data processing endeavors untaken at the time.
  4. 4. 1908 Keystone View Company published Visual Education, a teacher’s guide to lantern slides and stereographs.
  5. 5. 1910  The first catalog of instructional films was published.  The public school system of Rochester, New York became the first to adopt films for regular instructional use.
  6. 6. 1911 Tabulating Machine Company merged with other companies to form the International Business Machine (IBM).
  7. 7. 1913 Thomas Edison proclaimed “Books will soon be obsolete in the schools….It is possible to teach every branch of human knowledge with the motion picture. Our school system will be completely changed in the next ten years.”
  8. 8. 1923 Association for Educational Communication and Technology (AECT) was created has maintained a leadership role in the field of instructional design and technology.
  9. 9. Late 1940s John Von Neumann was the force behind the development of the first stored computer program. He devised a way to encode instructions and data in the same language.
  10. 10. Late 1940s and throughout the 1950s The origins of instructional design procedures have been traced to World War II. During the war a large number of psychologist and educators who had training and experience in conducting research were called on to conduct research and develop training materials for the military service. After World War II, many of the psychologists responsible for the success of the military training programs continued to work on solving instructional problems.
  11. 11. 1946 First vacuum tube-based computers developed
  12. 12. 1952 The decision by the Federal Communications Commission to set aside 242 television channels for educational purposes, led to the rapid development of a large number of public (then called “educational”) television stations.
  13. 13. 1954 General Electric is the first business to order a computer B.F. Skinner’s article entitled, “The Science of Learning and the Art of Teaching” began what might be called a minor revolution in the field of education
  14. 14. 1955 IBM's first commercial computer is sold
  15. 15. 1957 The Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first orbiting space satellite, there began a series of events that would eventually have a major impact on the instructional design process
  16. 16. 1963  Vocational Education Act passes with new money supporting the use of technology in schools; however, the mainframe and minicomputers in use at this time are using batch processing methods that do not fit well with the single teacher-as- manager-of-learning methods in use in most schools
  17. 17. 1963  The Ford Foundation decided to focus its support on public television in general, rather than on in- school applications of instructional television.  Robert Glaser was the first to use the term criterion-reference measures. Glaser indicated that the measures could be used to assess student entry-level behavior and to determine the extent to which students had acquired the behaviors an instructional program was designed to teach. The use of criterion-referenced tests for these two purposes is a central feature of instructional; design procedures.
  18. 18. 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act brings new money into schools for technology. Mainframes and minicomputers are put into place in some schools, but most are used for administration or for school counseling
  19. 19. 1970  The terms educational technology and instructional technology began to replace audiovisual instruction to describe the application of media for instructional purposes.  The name of the major professional organization within the field was changed from the Department of Audiovisual Instruction to the Association for Educational Communication and Technology. The group that the United States Government established to examine the impact of media on instruction was called the Commission on Instructional Technology.
  20. 20. 1983 The Apple II computer finds widespread acceptance in education because PCs better fit the teacher /manager model of instructional delivery (PCs can be used to "support" the ongoing teaching in the single classroom). Simple simulation programs are developed for personal computers. Also in 1983, computers were being used for instructional purpose in more than 40% of all elementary schools and more than 75% of all secondary schools in the United States
  21. 21. 1984 Papert indicated that the computer was going to be “a catalyst of very deep and radical change in the educational system” and that by 1990 one computer per child would be a very common state of affairs in schools in the United States
  22. 22. 1992 A new network was built to expand the Internet. This network forms the main trunk of what is the Internet today.
  23. 23. 1994 Association for Educational Communication and Technology (AECT) definition. The 1994 AECT definition presented in this article mentions five categories of activities or practices: design, development, utilization or implementation, management, evaluation, and analysis. The current definition relates those activities or practices to processes and resources for learning. The current definition indicates that research and theory, as well as practice, play an important role in the field.
  24. 24. 1995 The Internet and the World Wide Web began to catch on as businesses, schools, and individuals create web pages.
  25. 25. 1996 The Internet is widely discussed as businesses begin to provide services and advertising using web pages. New graphics and multimedia tools are developed for the delivery of information and instruction using the Internet; many schools are rewiring for Internet access; a few schools install web servers and provide faculty with a way to create instructional web pages.
  26. 26. References  Murdock, E. (1995). History, the history of computers, and the history of computers in education. Retrieved on November 6, 2010 from http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html  History of Computers. Retrieved on November 6, 2010 from: http://homepage.cs.uri.edu/faculty/wolfe/book/Readings/Reading03.h tm  Oracle ThinkQuest. (1997). History. Retrieved on November 6, 2010 from: http://library.thinkquest.org/11309/data/history.htm  Reiser, R.A. (2001). A history of instructional design and technology: Part I: A history of instructional media. Educational Technology, Research and Development, 49(1). Retrieved from http://www.capella.edu/idol/HistoryofIDTPartI.pdf  Reiser, R.A.(2001). A history of instructional design and technology: Part II: A history of instructional design. ETR&D, 49(2). Retrieved from: http://www.aect.org/pdf/etr&d/4902/4902-04.pdf

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