Rome
The founding of Rome
Legend
• In 753 bc twin brothers
founded the city
• Romulus and Remus
• Sons of Mars (G-d of War)
• R...
Religion of Rome
Greek Relationship Roman
Zeus supreme Jupitor
Hera Queen of G-ds Juno
Hermes Athletics, poetry Mercury
Ap...
Early Government
• 509 BC
• The Republic
• Consuls
• Administrators or
commanders
• 2 serving 1 year term
• Patricians
• L...
Growth of the Roman Empire
The Punic Wars
• First Punic War
• 264-241 BC
• Rome takes Sicily
• Second
• 218-201 BC
• Hannibal crosses Alps with
eleph...
Unrest in Rome
• Constant warfare
• Patricians vs Plebians
• Tiberius Gaius Graccus and Marius
• 130-100 BC
• Establish re...
First Triumvirate
• Crassus
• 53 BC killed in Persia
• Caesar
• Defeated Gauls (Gallic Wars)
• Pompey
• 49 BC with the Sen...
Death of Caesar
• Accomplishments
• Change tax structure
• Redistribution of
land
• Changed the
calendar
• Assassination
•...
The Next Triumvirat
• Lepidus, Marc Anthony, Octavian
• Lepidus removed from power
• Anthony & Octavian battle for power
•...
Line of Augustus
• Tiberius
• Galigula
• Claudius
• Nero
• Vespasian *
The Fall of Rome
Military Political Political Social
Visigoths and
other Germanic
tribes invade the
Empire
Heavy taxes
nec...
Fall of Rome (Date Given)
• 476 AD
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WH Roman Empire

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WH Roman Empire

  1. 1. Rome
  2. 2. The founding of Rome Legend • In 753 bc twin brothers founded the city • Romulus and Remus • Sons of Mars (G-d of War) • Raised by she-wolf • Romulus destroys Remus and the city of Rome is born Far more likely…… • Settled between 1000 -500 bc • Settled by 3 groups • Etruscans • Natives of Northern Italy • Metal workers • Latins: • Farmers and nomadic herders • Became first Romans • Greeks • Established 50 colonies along southern coast of Italy
  3. 3. Religion of Rome Greek Relationship Roman Zeus supreme Jupitor Hera Queen of G-ds Juno Hermes Athletics, poetry Mercury Aphrodite love Venus Ares war Mars Apollo Medicine, wisdom Apollo Artemis hunter Diana Poseidon Earth & sea Neptune Dionysus Dance, song, wine Bacchus
  4. 4. Early Government • 509 BC • The Republic • Consuls • Administrators or commanders • 2 serving 1 year term • Patricians • Land holding/upper class • Only people that could serve • Plebeians • Farmers, traders, merchants • No real voice in government
  5. 5. Growth of the Roman Empire
  6. 6. The Punic Wars • First Punic War • 264-241 BC • Rome takes Sicily • Second • 218-201 BC • Hannibal crosses Alps with elephants • Hannibal wins throughout Italy but never captures Rome • Scipio invades Carthage forcing Hannibal back • Third • 149-146 BC • Carthage starts to recovery • Rome views as threat
  7. 7. Unrest in Rome • Constant warfare • Patricians vs Plebians • Tiberius Gaius Graccus and Marius • 130-100 BC • Establish reforms • Marius creates paid army • Sulla • 88 BC • Eliminates plebeians from power/brings back aristocracy • First Triumvirate • 70 BC • Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
  8. 8. First Triumvirate • Crassus • 53 BC killed in Persia • Caesar • Defeated Gauls (Gallic Wars) • Pompey • 49 BC with the Senate order Caesar to leave his army and return to Rome • Feared he had become too powerful • Caesar crosses the Rubicon • Pursues Pompey throughout the empire; catches up to him in Spain and defeats his army • Caesar is Dictator for Life
  9. 9. Death of Caesar • Accomplishments • Change tax structure • Redistribution of land • Changed the calendar • Assassination • 44 BC • Brutus Cassius and Senate kill Caesar
  10. 10. The Next Triumvirat • Lepidus, Marc Anthony, Octavian • Lepidus removed from power • Anthony & Octavian battle for power • 31 BC defeated in final naval battle • Anthony and Cleopatra gone • Octavian declares himself Imperator Caesar Augustus • Continues Caesar’s reforms • Establishes period of Pax Romana • Christianity comes into being • 27 BC- 14 AD
  11. 11. Line of Augustus • Tiberius • Galigula • Claudius • Nero • Vespasian *
  12. 12. The Fall of Rome Military Political Political Social Visigoths and other Germanic tribes invade the Empire Heavy taxes necessary to support the government Many corrupt officials Population declines because of disease and war Romans forced to hire foreign soldiers to defend borders Middle Class disappears The divided (Eas/West) Empire becomes weakbecome s weak
  13. 13. Fall of Rome (Date Given) • 476 AD

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