Rome Vocab Slideshow


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Rome Vocab Slideshow

  1. 1. Rome Vocabulary Section #1
  2. 2. Romulus & Remus • According to legend, two sons who founded Rome Monarchy • Gov’t where one head chief or leader rules
  3. 3. Republic • Gov’t where voters elect officials to run gov’t=Representative Democracy Empire • Many people and places all under the control of one country, territory or person
  4. 4. Latins • First people to build Rome – known as first Romans
  5. 5. • Dictator-absolute ruler, can be elected • Senate-legislative and administrative; make foreign and financial decisions and advise consuls; includes 300 members chosen for life
  6. 6. • Assemblies-elect tribunes and make laws; made up of citizens • Magistrate/Consuls-two chief executives; ran government and commanded the army • Senate • Assemblies • Magistrate/Consul
  7. 7. • Tribunes-10 member assemblies of Plebians to see if laws help people • Twelve Tables-Rome’s recorded laws on metal and placed in forum for all to see
  8. 8. • Censors-registered citizens to their wealth, oversaw moral conduct of citizens; count people • Veto-”forbid”-go against, stop something, cancel out laws of decisions • Checks & Balances-checking another branch of gov’t power so it doesn’t make poor decisions or get too powerful
  9. 9. • Patricians-nobility, powerful landowners • Plebians-workers, farmers, artisans
  10. 10. Punic Wars • 1st Punic War-Rome gains Sicily, Carthage • 2nd Punic War-Hannibal invades Italy through Alps; wins at Cannae: Scipio wins at Saguntum, Scipio sails to Carthage, Hannibal comes home, Scipio wins there at Zama • Hannibal – Carthaginian General • Scipio – Roman General/Consul • 3rd Punic War-utter destruction of Carthage (burned to the ground) • Legions – large military units of Roman soldiers (500 foot, Calvary support. 80men=century/centurion)
  11. 11. Rome Vocab section #2 • Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus- attempted to help poor; proposed limiting estates and to give land to the poor • Gnaeus Pompey- popular general in the 1st triumvirate; fought Caesar in civil war and lost – he then fled Rome • Civil War- conflict between groups within the same country
  12. 12. • Julius Caesar- military leader, elected dictator for life; wins civil war; assassinated in 44 B.C. • Triumvirate-rule of three; 1st triumvirate: Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus • Marc Antony- drove Caesar’s conspirators out of Rome; led armies east to gain land; formed 2nd triumvirate; commits suicide • Cleopatra-Queen of Egypt; has relationship w/Rome & Caesar; has relationship w/ Marc Antony-commits suicide instead of being captured by Augustus
  13. 13. • Octavian/Augustus-pushed out Marc Antony; starts Pax Romana-Golden Age; known as “the revered one”; dies in 14 A.D.; takes over Egypt; credited with great improvements • Pax Romana- period of Roman peace; 200 yrs. of peace & prosperity for Rome; starts w/ Augustus; reduces powers of SAM • Caligula-37-41 A.D.; mentally disturbed • Nero-54-68 A.D.; insane; good administrator; vicious, murders, persecuted Christians ** at this time in Roman history Rome was left without a strong leader • Domitian- 81-96 A.D.; ruled as dictator; feared treason everywhere & executed many
  14. 14. • Nerva-96-98 A.D.; began custom of adopting an heir • Trajan-98-117 A.D.; empire reaches greatest heights; building program; social welfare • Hadrian-117-138 A.D.; consolidated conquests; reorganized bureaucracy, WALL • Antoninus Pius-138-161 A.D.; reign was largely a period of peace & prosperity • Marcus Aurelias-161-180 A.D.; height of economic prosperity; defeat invaders; wrote philosophy
  15. 15. • Gladiators/Colosseum- trained fighters, usually slaves; Drew lg. crowds-fought people & animals to death; public executions. Colosseum: large arena • Aqueducts- bridge like structure carried water from the mountains to the cities; later destroyed by barbarians • Pompeii- town destroyed by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D. killing about 2,000 people • Virgil-poet, wrote Aeneid-about Prince of Troy; explains reason for Roman expansion
  16. 16. • Tacitus- wrote Annals Histories; history of Romans-presented facts accurately • Horace-writer; wrote about human emotions in odes, satires and letters • Ptolemy-studied astronomy (suns & stars) revolved around earth; theory accepted for 1500 yrs. • Greco-Roman culture-mixing of Greek, Hellenistic and Roman culture • Mosaic-pictures made of crushed glass and stone
  17. 17. Rome vocab section #3 • Rabbis-Jewish scholars who interpret scriptures; learned Jewish law-leaders of the people • Diaspora-spreading out of Jews from the Holy Land • Bishops-above the priests in each city • Peter-traveled to Rome from Jerusalem and becomes the first bishop
  18. 18. • Patriarchs-Bishops in empire cities • Jesus-teacher; Jesus of Nazareth; Son of God; Takes away peoples sins by dying on a cross; people who believe in him will be forgiven and go to heaven • Apostles-people who spread good news of Jesus • Paul-traveled spreading Christianity; was known as Saul until he changed his name • Martyrs-Christians put to death for their beliefs • Pope- “father” supreme patriarch /leader of Roman Catholic Church
  19. 19. • Inflation-rise in prices because of a decrease in money value • Diocletian-General in Roman Empire; rules WEST. Emperor in 284 A.D.; splits empire to more easily control it. • Constantine-Co-Emperor-eventually wins out; makes Christianity legal; becomes emperor in EAST; makes area Christian after victorious in battle
  20. 20. • Barbarians-nomadic tribes who invade Roman Empire; Germanic tribes; many settle and create kingdoms • Goths-located N. or Danube river; heavily armed (raid & plunder); Visogoths & Ostrogoths • Angles & Saxons-invade NW Europe; settle in England and Ireland; from Mainland Europe • Magyars –invaders who settle in Hungary • Attila the Hun-attacks Gaul & invades Rome; come from Russia area; Invade/conquer N. Africa, • Mercenaries-soldiers who fought for money; not necessarily Roman men-less loyal to Empire