Emergence of the City- StatesSocial Studies for 9th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
Background Around 1200 BCE, a new group, the Dorians, came down from the north. The early tribes who lived on the Greek peninsula never really had a chance to beat the Dorians. The Mycenaeans were great warriors, but they fought with stone weapons. The newcomers, the Dorians, had iron weapons. The Mycenaeans did not have a chance of winning against such superior equipment.
The Dark Ages Around 1200 BCE, all written records stop because the Dorians had won. All written records stopped for about the next 400 years. For the next 400 years, Greece fell into a dark age. A dark age is a period of time in history that we usually know very little about because people did not write things down. But the Greek dark age was different. We know quite a lot about this period of time because of the storytellers. The Dark Ages ended, around 800 BCE, with the development of the Greek city-states.
City-States After the Greek dark ages, exciting things began to happen in ancient Greece. Villages started to band together to form strong trading centers.A city-state: can be These groups of villages thatdefined as a central city banded together were calledand its surrounding city-states. Soon, hundreds ofvillages, which togetherfollow the same ways of city-states had formed inlife. ancient Greece.
Citizenship “the link between a person and a state or an association of states” In ancient Greece, you had to “earn” your citizenship. In Athens, for example, Only adult male Athenian citizens who had completed their military training as ephebes had the right to vote.
Citizenship The ancient Greeks referred to themselves as citizens of their individual city-states. Each city-state (polis) had its own personality, goals, laws and customs. Ancient Greeks were very loyal to their city- state. But if you asked an ancient Greek where he was from, he would not say, "I live in Greece." If he was from Sparta, he would say, "I am a Spartan." If he lived in Athens, he would say, "I am Athenian." And so it went. The city-states might band together to fight a common foe. They also went to war with each other. Greece was not yet one country.
What was Greece? Because Greece was not yet one country, there was no central government in ancient Greece. It was just one big collection of city states with many things in common: They all believed in the same gods. They all spoke the same language. Each city-state had its own form of government. Some city- states, like Corinth, were ruled by kings. Some, like Sparta, were ruled by a small group of men. Others, like Athens, experimented with new forms of government.
Acropolis & Parthenon "The term acropolis means upper city and many of the city states of ancient Greece are built around an acropolis where the inhabitants can go as a place of refuge in times of invasion. Its for this reason that the most sacred buildings are usually on the acropolis. Its the safest most secure place in town." The Acropolis in Athens is perhaps the most famous. In Athens, as in other Greek city-states, the ancient Athenians built temples and moments on the Acropolis dedicated to Athena and other ancient Greek gods. The Parthenon was built by Pericles in the 5th century BCE.
Ask Yourselves Explain: What is citizenship and how do you become one? What was the importance of the Acropolis? Analyze: Why was there a period of time called “Dark Ages”? Why can’t we say that Greece was not an Empire or State? Infer: Why did small independent villages band together to form city-states?
The Dorians Find out at home more about the Dorians. Use your own words to build to paragraphs by answering the following questions: Who were they? Where did they come from? Why are they so important? How did they begin the Dark Ages? What is their legacy? Print it and bring it to school next class.