Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Just Think About This - 9 Thinking Modalities to Consider

969 views

Published on

By David Zimmer

It seems epidemic. In meetings, in job ads, in performance reviews and even in lunch conversations, we discuss our need to increase our critical thinking skills. Some use the term “critical thinking” in a general sense meaning all problem solving approaches. Others refer to the specific thinking modality of critical thinking. Unfortunately, we miss eight thinking modalities equally important when solving problems, developing new concepts or simply living life.

In this session, we provide an overview of the 9 thinking modalities, their characteristics and differences, and demonstrate their approaches to an example problem.
From this session, you will:

Learn the 9 Thinking Modalities.
Understand the characteristics and differentiators of each modality.
Recognize appropriate uses of each modality.
Learn how to overcome the Critical Thinking monopoly.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Just Think About This - 9 Thinking Modalities to Consider

  1. 1. What About This: 9 Thinking Modalities Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 1
  2. 2. 9 Thinking Modalities Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 2 • Visionary – forward looking with alternative futures, • Strategic - the generation and application of unique insights and opportunities intended to create a desired outcome, • Systems - holistic approach to analysis that focuses on the way constituent parts interrelate, work over time and within the context of larger systems, • Analytic or Critical - the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, • Creative – the method of considering problems or situations from fresh perspectives which might suggest unorthodox solutions, • Lateral – out-of-the-box - solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious, reframing questions to elicit different approaches, • Structured - a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem, • Conceptual - the ability to understand a situation or problem by identifying patterns or connections, and addressing key underlying issues, and • Visual or Spatial - the ability to visualize special patterns and mentally manipulate them over a time-ordered sequence of spatial transformations.
  3. 3. Visionary Thinking Components Effective Visionary Thinking • Creative • Futuristic • Progressive • Directional • Tangible • Build Rapport • Describe Future • Build Value • Develop Tangible Concepts • Create Excitement • Overcome Obstacles • Secure Agreement Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 3
  4. 4. Strategic Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 4 Components Effective Strategic Thinking • Creative • Analytical • Benchmarks • Perceptive • Adjust quickly • VOC input/research • Unorthodox/Maverick • Use both sides of brain – creative and analytical • Clearly define objectives • Design in flexibility • Recognize internal/external clues • Seek advice from others • Patient…Wait for it…wait for it
  5. 5. Systems Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 5 Components Effective Systems Thinking • Holistic • Action/Consequences • System Components Interrelationships • Diagramming for visual study • Software/Diagrams showing relationships/interdependencies • Viewing system as a set of components • Understanding situation as part of a system • Leveraging others to define relationships * http://www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/SystemsThinking.htm
  6. 6. Critical or Analytical Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 6 Components Effective Critical Thinking • Reasoned judgement • Logical • Question Assumptions and Conclusions • Contrarian viewpoints • Recognize ambiguity • Clarify, articulate, justify position • Breakdown To Components • Determine Root Cause(s) • Recognize Assumptions • Evaluate Arguments • Draw Conclusions • Support Conclusions with data, facts, evidence
  7. 7. Creative Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 7 Components Effective Creative Thinking • Relaxed, open, playful approach • Wild/crazy suggestions • Doodle/daydream with theory or suggestions • Make mistakes • Attitude, self-confidence, talent • Many right answers • Could be emotional, risky, confusing, disordered, chaotic • Brainstorm/Mind-map many ideas • Ask same question 20 times, but give a different answer • Change routine, take a different route • What if…? Questions • Create new stimuli: music, scenery, room arrangement, stand vs. sit • Daydream someone else’s dream
  8. 8. Lateral Thinking “Out-of-the-box” Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 8 Components Effective Lateral Thinking (6 hats) • Challenge the obvious or preconceived assumptions • Random entries to open new lines of thinking • Provocative statements • Neutral information • Emotions and hunches • Judge and evaluate • Optimism and positive views • Ideas and creativity • Big picture
  9. 9. Structured Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 9 Components Effective Structured Thinking • Turns problem into mini-project • Develop overall scope • Decomposes problem into smallest components • Develop solution(s) • Prototype solution • Fine tune and scale • Scope (bound problem) • Diagram components • Work and Complete components • Prototype solution • Fine tune/refine • Scale
  10. 10. Conceptual Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 10 Components Effective Conceptual Thinking • Abstraction • Impossible to Probable • Tells a story • Probing Questions – Why, not How • Question everything • Borrow heavily from other thinking modalities • Define the Impossible • Develop the story • Ask Why and Why Not • Use lateral thinking • Tell the story
  11. 11. Visual/Spatial Thinking Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 11 Components Effective Visual Thinking • Visual processing • Recognize patterns • Practice curiosity • Probe beyond surface visually • Ask Right Questions • 16 categories of questions • Useful for all thinking modalities • Visualize end result • See patterns from present to future • Ask questions (use 16 categories)
  12. 12. 16 Categories of Questions* 1. Identification Questions 2. Hindsight Questions 3. Planning Questions 4. Fact-finder Questions 5. Clarification Questions 6. Association Questions 7. Sorting Questions 8. Simplification Questions 9. Hierarchical Questions 10. Probing Questions 11. Transformer Questions 12. Coaching Questions 13. Foresight Questions 14. Strategic Questions 15. Skeptical Questions 16. Limiting Questions Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 12 * http://www.visualthinkingmagic.com/visual-thinking-questions
  13. 13. Conclusion Copyright © The Project Professors, All Right Reserved 13

×