• US model usually has youThings are done designing yourdifferently methodologyacross the world early on – beforeTo some extent, in approved to doboth plans students researchfind themselves • Other parts of“retro-fitting” whathappened to a the world have youmethodological design approved – then finalizing theOr at least “tweaking” researchthe design so that itflows perfectly
In A Perfect World…Fixed Flexible• Random control trials as • Started with qualitative gold standard. designs • Now• Ideas, full design laid out iterative, sequential, mixed and then implemented methods, etc.• Very little tolerance for • Scientific? If systematic, and complexity or error prinicipled, based on academically approved ideas• Empirical theoretical base • These designs are interactive with the environment – allowing researcher the advantage to capitalize on what they are learning and probe more deeply
At the end of the day… “an argument about why the topicThey all need all the parts of matters and why there meansthe Conceptual Framework in proposed to study it are appropriateplace and rigorous”(Ravitch and Riggan 2012)
Ready to Write YourMethodology?Standard Content…• importance of your study.• questions you are asking or what hypothesis you are testing.• conceptual or theoretical issues• data collection and analysis• ethical issues• (delimiters), the assumptions as well as the limitations
Each of these ties to otherparts of your dissertation orthesis• importance of your study.• questions you are asking or what hypothesis you are testing.• conceptual or theoretical issues• data collection and analysis• ethical issues• (delimiters), the assumptions as well as the limitations
Challenging to write…1. Write with your own voice2. Use only words you understand completely – Phenomenology as an example3. Needs consistent explanation of what you are doing but not redundancy
• Theories are the ideas upon which you base theTricky Place #1 importance of your workTheoretical • Conceptual frames are theFrameworks & design or flow of conceptsConceptual through theFrameworks methodological components. “inform a researchers’ process of choice making and framing” (Ravitch and Riggan, 2012)
1. Justifies the need for the problem using relevant local statistics, or otherTrciky Place #2 documentation of discrepancy through which your reader willWriting the conclude that this issue is authentic and needs solving?Problem 2. Grounds the problem in such aStatement way that it is clear how it builds upon previously published findings or research on this topic? 3. Meaningful, & fills a gap in either research or practice? 4. Is it obvious that it can be studied? In other words are there multiple solutions or conclusions that could present themselves and therefore the issue needs to be teased out more to be understood ? (Krathwohl, & Smith, 2005)
Tricky Bit #3 Ethical Issues• The people you have targeted as you are population may not want to engage with your data collection efforts. Do you have a backup plan should your data collection procedures stall out?• If you are hoping to use people for the population for your study, do they belong to the same group, or work for the same organization? If so, have you obtained written permission for your study from the managers of the group or business?• If you are working in your own organization, do you have access to adequate sized population for whom you have no managerial tasks or are in no position that could be construed as powerful?• Quantitative data collection instruments, especially those you design yourself, are becoming increasingly hard to get past ethical review boards. If you are hoping to use a personally designed instrument, do you have another option set up? Have you been able to find an instrument used in previous studies for which you can obtain approval and from which you can gather evidence that pertains to your problem and purpose?
Tricky Bit #4 Data Collection/Analysis• Quantitative - Reliable instruments?• Qualitative – 1 hour collection to 5 hours of analysis• Mixed Methods – requires both• Iterative Methods – both over and over• All written up in different styles – Know your style manual for charts etc.
Where we are now enrolling for the November virtualretreatsSmall groups of no more than 4 work together viawebconferencing – using thetension created by timelines and feedback to fullfillpersonal goals and GET IT DONE!Massive $150 discount for the first to enrollhttp://www.doctoralnet.com/index.php?option=com_community&view=registerOr email: firstname.lastname@example.org